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"It's Not Like Taking Chocolates": Factors Influencing the Feasibility and Sustainability of Universal Test and Treat in Correctional Health Systems in Zambia and South Africa.

Topp SM, Chetty-Makkan CM, Smith HJ, Chimoyi L, Hoffmann CJ, Fielding K, Reid SE, Olivier AJ, Hausler H, Herce ME, Charalambous S.

Glob Health Sci Pract. 2019 Jun 27;7(2):189-202. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-19-00051. Print 2019 Jun.


Achieving conservation impact by shifting focus from human attitudes to behaviors.

Nilsson D, Fielding K, Dean A.

Conserv Biol. 2019 Jun 1. doi: 10.1111/cobi.13363. [Epub ahead of print]


Risk score for predicting mortality including urine lipoarabinomannan detection in hospital inpatients with HIV-associated tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa: Derivation and external validation cohort study.

Gupta-Wright A, Corbett EL, Wilson D, van Oosterhout JJ, Dheda K, Huerga H, Peter J, Bonnet M, Alufandika-Moyo M, Grint D, Lawn SD, Fielding K.

PLoS Med. 2019 Apr 5;16(4):e1002776. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002776. eCollection 2019 Apr.


Challenges in measurement of linkage following HIV self-testing: examples from the STAR Project.

Neuman M, Taegtmeyer M, Hatzold K, Johnson CC, Weiss HA, Fielding K.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2019 Mar;22 Suppl 1:e25238. doi: 10.1002/jia2.25238. No abstract available.


Patient costs incurred by people living with HIV/AIDS prior to ART initiation in primary healthcare facilities in Gauteng, South Africa.

Pillai N, Foster N, Hanifa Y, Ndlovu N, Fielding K, Churchyard G, Chihota V, Grant AD, Vassall A.

PLoS One. 2019 Feb 11;14(2):e0210622. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0210622. eCollection 2019.


Testing potential psychological predictors of attitudes towards cultured meat.

Wilks M, Phillips CJC, Fielding K, Hornsey MJ.

Appetite. 2019 May 1;136:137-145. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2019.01.027. Epub 2019 Feb 4.


Cost-effectiveness of urine-based tuberculosis screening in hospitalised patients with HIV in Africa: a microsimulation modelling study.

Reddy KP, Gupta-Wright A, Fielding KL, Costantini S, Zheng A, Corbett EL, Yu L, van Oosterhout JJ, Resch SC, Wilson DP, Horsburgh CR Jr, Wood R, Alufandika-Moyo M, Peters JA, Freedberg KA, Lawn SD, Walensky RP.

Lancet Glob Health. 2019 Feb;7(2):e200-e208. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30436-4.


Effect of Xpert MTB/RIF on clinical outcomes in routine care settings: individual patient data meta-analysis.

Di Tanna GL, Khaki AR, Theron G, McCarthy K, Cox H, Mupfumi L, Trajman A, Zijenah LS, Mason P, Bandason T, Durovni B, Bara W, Hoelscher M, Clowes P, Mangu C, Chanda D, Pym A, Mwaba P, Cobelens F, Nicol MP, Dheda K, Churchyard G, Fielding K, Metcalfe JZ.

Lancet Glob Health. 2019 Feb;7(2):e191-e199. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30458-3. Erratum in: Lancet Glob Health. 2019 Apr;7(4):e419.


What causes symptoms suggestive of tuberculosis in HIV-positive people with negative initial investigations?

Hanifa Y, Toro Silva S, Karstaedt A, Sahid F, Charalambous S, Chihota VN, Churchyard GJ, von Gottberg A, McCarthy K, Nicol MP, Ndlovu NT, Stevens W, Fielding KL, Grant AD.

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2019 Feb 1;23(2):157-165. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.18.0251. Epub 2019 Jan 24.


HIV self-testing alone or with additional interventions, including financial incentives, and linkage to care or prevention among male partners of antenatal care clinic attendees in Malawi: An adaptive multi-arm, multi-stage cluster randomised trial.

Choko AT, Corbett EL, Stallard N, Maheswaran H, Lepine A, Johnson CC, Sakala D, Kalua T, Kumwenda M, Hayes R, Fielding K.

PLoS Med. 2019 Jan 2;16(1):e1002719. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002719. eCollection 2019 Jan.


Correction to: Small contribution of gold mines to the ongoing tuberculosis epidemic in South Africa: a modeling-based study.

Chang ST, Chihota VN, Fielding KL, Grant AD, Houben RM, White RG, Churchyard GJ, Eckhoff PA, Wagner BG.

BMC Med. 2018 Dec 28;16(1):242. doi: 10.1186/s12916-018-1238-9.


Effect of the duration of antimicrobial exposure on the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) for macrolide antibiotics: protocol for a systematic review with a network meta-analysis.

Divala TH, Corbett EL, Stagg HR, Nliwasa M, Sloan DJ, French N, Fielding KL.

Syst Rev. 2018 Dec 23;7(1):246. doi: 10.1186/s13643-018-0917-0.


Publisher Correction: A patient-level pooled analysis of treatment-shortening regimens for drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis.

Imperial MZ, Nahid P, Phillips PPJ, Davies GR, Fielding K, Hanna D, Hermann D, Wallis RS, Johnson JL, Lienhardt C, Savic RM.

Nat Med. 2019 Jan;25(1):190. doi: 10.1038/s41591-018-0294-1.


The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community-based lay distribution of HIV self-tests in increasing uptake of HIV testing among adults in rural Malawi and rural and peri-urban Zambia: protocol for STAR (self-testing for Africa) cluster randomized evaluations.

Neuman M, Indravudh P, Chilongosi R, d'Elbée M, Desmond N, Fielding K, Hensen B, Johnson C, Mkandawire P, Mwinga A, Nalubamba M, Ncube G, Nyirenda L, Nyrienda R, Kampe EOI, Taegtmeyer M, Terris-Prestholt F, Weiss HA, Hatzold K, Ayles H, Corbett EL.

BMC Public Health. 2018 Nov 6;18(1):1234. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-6120-3.


A patient-level pooled analysis of treatment-shortening regimens for drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis.

Imperial MZ, Nahid P, Phillips PPJ, Davies GR, Fielding K, Hanna D, Hermann D, Wallis RS, Johnson JL, Lienhardt C, Savic RM.

Nat Med. 2018 Nov;24(11):1708-1715. doi: 10.1038/s41591-018-0224-2. Epub 2018 Nov 5. Erratum in: Nat Med. 2019 Jan;25(1):190.


Sensitivity and specificity of using trial-of-antibiotics versus sputum mycobacteriology for diagnosis of tuberculosis: protocol for a systematic literature review.

Divala TH, Fielding KL, Nliwasa M, Sloan DJ, Gupta-Wright A, Corbett EL.

Syst Rev. 2018 Sep 15;7(1):141. doi: 10.1186/s13643-018-0806-6.


Cost of point-of-care lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan antigen testing in HIV-positive adults in South Africa.

Mukora R, Tlali M, Monkwe S, Charalambous S, Karat AS, Fielding KL, Grant AD, Vassall A.

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2018 Sep 1;22(9):1082-1087. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.18.0046.


An intervention to optimise the delivery of integrated tuberculosis and HIV services at primary care clinics: results of the MERGE cluster randomised trial.

Kufa T, Fielding KL, Hippner P, Kielmann K, Vassall A, Churchyard GJ, Grant AD, Charalambous S.

Contemp Clin Trials. 2018 Sep;72:43-52. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2018.07.013. Epub 2018 Jul 25.


Evaluation of a medication monitor-based treatment strategy for drug-sensitive tuberculosis patients in China: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial.

Lewis JJ, Liu X, Zhang Z, Thomas BV, Vassall A, Sweeney S, Caihong X, Dongmei H, Xue L, Yongxin G, Huan S, Shiwen J, Fielding KL.

Trials. 2018 Jul 25;19(1):398. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2650-3.


Rapid urine-based screening for tuberculosis in HIV-positive patients admitted to hospital in Africa (STAMP): a pragmatic, multicentre, parallel-group, double-blind, randomised controlled trial.

Gupta-Wright A, Corbett EL, van Oosterhout JJ, Wilson D, Grint D, Alufandika-Moyo M, Peters JA, Chiume L, Flach C, Lawn SD, Fielding K.

Lancet. 2018 Jul 28;392(10144):292-301. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31267-4. Epub 2018 Jul 20.


Not all motivated rejection of science is unconscious: Reply to Tryon (2018).

Hornsey MJ, Fielding KS.

Am Psychol. 2018 Jul-Aug;73(5):687-688. doi: 10.1037/amp0000335.


Performance of verbal autopsy methods in estimating HIV-associated mortality among adults in South Africa.

Karat AS, Maraba N, Tlali M, Charalambous S, Chihota VN, Churchyard GJ, Fielding KL, Hanifa Y, Johnson S, McCarthy KM, Kahn K, Chandramohan D, Grant AD.

BMJ Glob Health. 2018 Jul 3;3(4):e000833. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000833. eCollection 2018.


Measuring wealth in rural communities: Lessons from the Sanitation, Hygiene, Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial.

Chasekwa B, Maluccio JA, Ntozini R, Moulton LH, Wu F, Smith LE, Matare CR, Stoltzfus RJ, Mbuya MNN, Tielsch JM, Martin SL, Jones AD, Humphrey JH, Fielding K; SHINE Trial Team.

PLoS One. 2018 Jun 28;13(6):e0199393. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0199393. eCollection 2018.


Small contribution of gold mines to the ongoing tuberculosis epidemic in South Africa: a modeling-based study.

Chang ST, Chihota VN, Fielding KL, Grant AD, Houben RM, White RG, Churchyard GJ, Eckhoff PA, Wagner BG.

BMC Med. 2018 Apr 12;16(1):52. doi: 10.1186/s12916-018-1037-3. Erratum in: BMC Med. 2018 Dec 28;16(1):242.


Robust analysis of stepped wedge trials using cluster-level summaries within periods.

Thompson JA, Davey C, Fielding K, Hargreaves JR, Hayes RJ.

Stat Med. 2018 Jul 20;37(16):2487-2500. doi: 10.1002/sim.7668. Epub 2018 Apr 10.


How do marine and coastal citizen science experiences foster environmental engagement?

Dean AJ, Church EK, Loder J, Fielding KS, Wilson KA.

J Environ Manage. 2018 May 1;213:409-416. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.02.080.


Delay in seeking care for tuberculosis symptoms among adults newly diagnosed with HIV in rural Malawi.

Ngwira LG, Dowdy DW, Khundi M, Barnes GL, Nkhoma A, Choko AT, Murowa M, Chaisson RE, Corbett EL, Fielding K.

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2018 Mar 1;22(3):280-286. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.17.0539.


The psychological roots of anti-vaccination attitudes: A 24-nation investigation.

Hornsey MJ, Harris EA, Fielding KS.

Health Psychol. 2018 Apr;37(4):307-315. doi: 10.1037/hea0000586. Epub 2018 Feb 1.


Empiric tuberculosis treatment in South African primary health care facilities - for whom, where, when and why: Implications for the development of tuberculosis diagnostic tests.

McCarthy K, Fielding K, Churchyard GJ, Grant AD.

PLoS One. 2018 Jan 24;13(1):e0191608. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191608. eCollection 2018.


Designing and Evaluating Interventions to Halt the Transmission of Tuberculosis.

Dowdy DW, Grant AD, Dheda K, Nardell E, Fielding K, Moore DAJ.

J Infect Dis. 2017 Nov 3;216(suppl_6):S654-S661. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jix320. Review.


Does antiretroviral treatment increase the infectiousness of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis?

Khan PY, Crampin AC, Mzembe T, Koole O, Fielding KL, Kranzer K, Glynn JR.

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2017 Nov 1;21(11):1147-1154. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.17.0162.


Factors Associated With Poor Linkage to HIV Care in South Africa: Secondary Analysis of Data From the Thol'impilo Trial.

Dorward J, Mabuto T, Charalambous S, Fielding KL, Hoffmann CJ.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Dec 15;76(5):453-460. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001550.


The optimal design of stepped wedge trials with equal allocation to sequences and a comparison to other trial designs.

Thompson JA, Fielding K, Hargreaves J, Copas A.

Clin Trials. 2017 Dec;14(6):639-647. doi: 10.1177/1740774517723921. Epub 2017 Aug 10.


A clinical scoring system to prioritise investigation for tuberculosis among adults attending HIV clinics in South Africa.

Hanifa Y, Fielding KL, Chihota VN, Adonis L, Charalambous S, Foster N, Karstaedt A, McCarthy K, Nicol MP, Ndlovu NT, Sinanovic E, Sahid F, Stevens W, Vassall A, Churchyard GJ, Grant AD.

PLoS One. 2017 Aug 3;12(8):e0181519. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181519. eCollection 2017.


Investigating interventions to increase uptake of HIV testing and linkage into care or prevention for male partners of pregnant women in antenatal clinics in Blantyre, Malawi: study protocol for a cluster randomised trial.

Choko AT, Fielding K, Stallard N, Maheswaran H, Lepine A, Desmond N, Kumwenda MK, Corbett EL.

Trials. 2017 Jul 24;18(1):349. doi: 10.1186/s13063-017-2093-2.


Attitude roots and Jiu Jitsu persuasion: Understanding and overcoming the motivated rejection of science.

Hornsey MJ, Fielding KS.

Am Psychol. 2017 Jul-Aug;72(5):459-473. doi: 10.1037/a0040437.


Acceptability of woman-delivered HIV self-testing to the male partner, and additional interventions: a qualitative study of antenatal care participants in Malawi.

Choko AT, Kumwenda MK, Johnson CC, Sakala DW, Chikalipo MC, Fielding K, Chikovore J, Desmond N, Corbett EL.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 Jun 26;20(1):21610. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21610.


Acute myeloid leukaemia relapsing after allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation: prognostic factors and impact of initial therapy of relapse.

Lim ABM, Curley C, Fong CY, Bilmon I, Beligaswatte A, Purtill D, Getta B, Johnston AM, Armytage T, Collins M, Mason K, Fielding K, Greenwood M, Gibson J, Hertzberg M, Wright M, Lewis I, Moore J, Curtis D, Szer J, Kennedy G, Ritchie D.

Intern Med J. 2018 Mar;48(3):276-285. doi: 10.1111/imj.13522.


Cost-effectiveness of Xpert MTB/RIF for tuberculosis diagnosis in South Africa: a real-world cost analysis and economic evaluation.

Vassall A, Siapka M, Foster N, Cunnama L, Ramma L, Fielding K, McCarthy K, Churchyard G, Grant A, Sinanovic E.

Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Jul;5(7):e710-e719. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30205-X.


Prevention of osteoporotic refractures in regional Australia.

Davidson E, Seal A, Doyle Z, Fielding K, McGirr J.

Aust J Rural Health. 2017 Dec;25(6):362-368. doi: 10.1111/ajr.12355. Epub 2017 Jun 15.


Bias and inference from misspecified mixed-effect models in stepped wedge trial analysis.

Thompson JA, Fielding KL, Davey C, Aiken AM, Hargreaves JR, Hayes RJ.

Stat Med. 2017 Oct 15;36(23):3670-3682. doi: 10.1002/sim.7348. Epub 2017 May 28.


Challenges in the Estimation of the Annual Risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection in Children Aged Less Than 5 Years.

Khan PY, Glynn JR, Mzembe T, Mulawa D, Chiumya R, Crampin AC, Kranzer K, Fielding KL.

Am J Epidemiol. 2017 Oct 15;186(8):1015-1022. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx153.


Strategies to Accelerate HIV Care and Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation After HIV Diagnosis: A Randomized Trial.

Hoffmann CJ, Mabuto T, Ginindza S, Fielding KL, Kubeka G, Dowdy DW, Churchyard GJ, Charalambous S.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Aug 15;75(5):540-547. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001428.


Effects on the QT Interval of a Gatifloxacin-Containing Regimen versus Standard Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Olliaro PL, Merle C, Mthiyane T, Bah B, Kassa F, Amukoye E, N Diaye A, Perronne C, Lienhardt C, McIlleron H, Fielding K.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2017 Jun 27;61(7). pii: e01834-16. doi: 10.1128/AAC.01834-16. Print 2017 Jul.


Measuring mortality due to HIV-associated tuberculosis among adults in South Africa: Comparing verbal autopsy, minimally-invasive autopsy, and research data.

Karat AS, Tlali M, Fielding KL, Charalambous S, Chihota VN, Churchyard GJ, Hanifa Y, Johnson S, McCarthy K, Martinson NA, Omar T, Kahn K, Chandramohan D, Grant AD.

PLoS One. 2017 Mar 23;12(3):e0174097. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174097. eCollection 2017.


The patient costs of care for those with TB and HIV: a cross-sectional study from South Africa.

Mudzengi D, Sweeney S, Hippner P, Kufa T, Fielding K, Grant AD, Churchyard G, Vassall A.

Health Policy Plan. 2017 Nov 1;32(suppl_4):iv48-iv56. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czw183.


Non-inferiority trials: are they inferior? A systematic review of reporting in major medical journals.

Rehal S, Morris TP, Fielding K, Carpenter JR, Phillips PP.

BMJ Open. 2016 Oct 7;6(10):e012594. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012594. Review.


Autopsy Prevalence of Tuberculosis and Other Potentially Treatable Infections among Adults with Advanced HIV Enrolled in Out-Patient Care in South Africa.

Karat AS, Omar T, von Gottberg A, Tlali M, Chihota VN, Churchyard GJ, Fielding KL, Johnson S, Martinson NA, McCarthy K, Wolter N, Wong EB, Charalambous S, Grant AD.

PLoS One. 2016 Nov 9;11(11):e0166158. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166158. eCollection 2016.


Outcomes of on-site antiretroviral therapy provision in a South African correctional facility.

Telisinghe L, Hippner P, Churchyard GJ, Gresak G, Grant AD, Charalambous S, Fielding KL.

Int J STD AIDS. 2016 Nov;27(13):1153-1161. Epub 2015 May 4.

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