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ISME J. 2018 Sep;12(9):2225-2237. doi: 10.1038/s41396-018-0187-9. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Novel prosthecate bacteria from the candidate phylum Acetothermia.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Center for Microbial Communities, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
2
Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
3
Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Center for Microbial Communities, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark. phn@bio.aau.dk.
4
Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Center for Microbial Communities, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark. md@bio.aau.dk.

Abstract

Members of the candidate phylum Acetothermia are globally distributed and detected in various habitats. However, little is known about their physiology and ecological importance. In this study, an operational taxonomic unit belonging to Acetothermia was detected at high abundance in four full-scale anaerobic digesters by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The first closed genome from this phylum was obtained by differential coverage binning of metagenomes and scaffolding with long nanopore reads. Genome annotation and metabolic reconstruction suggested an anaerobic chemoheterotrophic lifestyle in which the bacterium obtains energy and carbon via fermentation of peptides, amino acids, and simple sugars to acetate, formate, and hydrogen. The morphology was unusual and composed of a central rod-shaped cell with bipolar prosthecae as revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization combined with confocal laser scanning microscopy, Raman microspectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. We hypothesize that these prosthecae allow for increased nutrient uptake by greatly expanding the cell surface area, providing a competitive advantage under nutrient-limited conditions.

PMID:
29884828
PMCID:
PMC6092417
DOI:
10.1038/s41396-018-0187-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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