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Hum Reprod. 2012 Sep;27(9):2729-36. doi: 10.1093/humrep/des199. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

Psychometric properties of the Iranian version of modified polycystic ovary syndrome health-related quality-of-life questionnaire.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

STUDY QUESTION:

Can the modified polycystic ovary syndrome health-related quality-of-life questionnaire (MPCOSQ) be validated in Iranian patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) to provide an instrument for future outcome studies in these patients?

SUMMARY ANSWER:

We show initial reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the MPCOSQ as a specific instrument to measure health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with PCOS in Iran.

WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY:

The prevalence of PCOS in Iran is relatively high and studying QOL in these patients is important. The PCOSQ has previously been translated and validated in Iran but no studies had examined the psychometric properties of the MPCOSQ in Iran.

STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, AND DURATION:

This was a cross-sectional study. After linguistic validation of the Iranian version of MPCOSQ, an expert panel evaluated the items by assessing the content validity index (CVI) and content validity ratio (CVR). Then a semi-structured interview was conducted to assess face validity. Consequently, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were performed to indicate the scale constructs (n = 200). In addition, reliability analyses including internal consistency and test-retest analysis were carried out.

PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, AND METHODS:

This study was carried out on women with PCOS (n = 200) who attended two private gynecology clinics in Kashan, Iran. Patients were eligible if they met each of the following criteria: 15-40 years of age; married; not having non-classic adrenal hyperplasia, thyroid dysfunction and hyperprolactinemia; Iranian; not having problems in speaking or listening; having two of the following Rotterdam diagnostic criteria: (i) polycystic ovaries visualized on ultrasound scan (presence of 12 follicles or more in one or both ovaries and/or increased ovarian volume >10 ml), (ii) clinical signs of hyperandrogenism (the hirsutism score based on the Ferriman-Gallwey score >7 or obvious acne) and/or an elevated plasma testosterone (normal range testosterone <2 nmol/l), (iii) having an interval between menstrual periods >35 days and/or amenorrhea as the absence of vaginal bleeding for at least 6 months, i.e. 199 days.

MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE:

CVI and CVR scores for MPCOSQ were 0.96 and 0.92, respectively. A six-factor solution (emotional disturbance, weight, infertility, acne, menstrual difficulties and hirsutism) emerged as a result of an EFA and explained 0.64% of the variance observed. The result of the EFA supported the item 'late menstrual period' being placed in the menstrual rather than the emotional subscale. The results of the CFA for six-factor model for MPCOSQ indicated an acceptable fit for the proposed model. Additional analyses indicated satisfactory results for internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha ranging from 0.76 to 0.92) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ranging from 0.71 to 0.92). Moving 'late menstrual period' from the emotional to the menstrual subscale significantly improved the reliability coefficient for both subscales.

LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION:

Study of patients with PCOS attending two private gynecology clinics may limit generalization of the findings to the entire population with PCOS. All patients in this study were married for cultural reasons in Iran. Therefore, the results of the present study have to be interpreted with some caution.

WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS:

The Iranian version of the MPCOSQ will fill an important gap in measuring the QOL in patients with PCOS in the research and community settings in Iran.

PMID:
22740491
DOI:
10.1093/humrep/des199
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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