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Clin Cancer Res. 1999 Aug;5(8):2271-7.

Osteopontin: possible role in prostate cancer progression.

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Department of Urology, University of Berne, Switzerland.


Human prostate cancer has the propensity to metastasize to the bone where reciprocal cellular interactions between prostate cancer and bone cells are known to occur. Osteopontin (OPN), a noncollagenous bone extracellular matrix, is a secreted adhesive glycoprotein with a functional RGD cell-binding domain that interacts with the alpha(v)beta3 cell surface integrin heterodimer. OPN has been associated with malignant transformation as well as being ligand to the CD44 receptor. Polyclonal antibodies to human OPN (hOPN) were prepared, and specificity was shown by preabsorption with recombinant hOPN. The stimulatory effect of hOPN protein and the inhibitory effect of hOPN antibody on human prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP and C4-2 were assessed by induction or inhibition of anchorage-independent growth, respectively. Expression of hOPN mRNA in prostate cancer cell lines and human prostate cancer tissue specimens were measured by mRNA blot analysis. Protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in human prostate cancer specimens and by Western blot analysis in prostate cancer cell lines. hOPN stimulated anchorage-independent growth of the human prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP and C4-2 in vitro. Antibodies to hOPN inhibited the growth-stimulatory effect by endogenous OPN, which can be overcome by the addition of exogenous hOPN. hOPN mRNA and protein are expressed in human prostate cancer cell lines in vitro and in clinical human prostate cancer specimens. These findings taken together suggest that OPN may act as a paracrine and autocrine mediator of prostate cancer growth and progression.

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