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BMJ Case Rep. 2018 Oct 3;2018. pii: bcr-2018-224386. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2018-224386.

Sarcoidosis and HIV infection in a native Saudi man.

Author information

1
Internal Medicine, King Fahad Armed Force Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
2
Internal Medicine Services, Maternity and Children's Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
3
Ophthalmology, East Jeddah General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
#
Contributed equally

Abstract

Sarcoidosis is a rare condition among native Saudis. It typically presents with asymptomatic chest radiographs, exertional breathlessness and cough. The coexistence of sarcoidosis and HIV is also rare, and the overlap of the symptoms makes their differential diagnosis challenging. Nevertheless, the outcome of sarcoidosis is favourable with or without the presence of HIV. We present a case of a 55-year-old native Saudi man with extremely atypical sarcoidosis presentation coexisting with HIV. This case highlights the association between the two pathologies, and the difficulties encountered in establishing a proper diagnosis in the presence of two overlapping diseases.

KEYWORDS:

general practice / family medicine; hiv / aids; immunology; interstitial lung disease

PMID:
30287625
PMCID:
PMC6194392
DOI:
10.1136/bcr-2018-224386
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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