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Clin Cancer Res. 2019 Jan 15;25(2):710-723. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-0704. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Regulation of eIF4F Translation Initiation Complex by the Peptidyl Prolyl Isomerase FKBP7 in Taxane-resistant Prostate Cancer.

Author information

1
Prostate Cancer Group, INSERM UMR981, Villejuif, France.
2
Univ Paris-Sud, UMR981, Villejuif, France.
3
Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.
4
Vancouver Prostate Centre and Department of Urologic Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
5
Institut Curie, PSL Research University, Paris, France.
6
Biophenics High-Content Screening Laboratory, Cell and Tissue Imaging Facility (PICT-IBiSA), Paris, France.
7
INSERM, U830, Paris, France.
8
CNRS, UMR144, Paris, France.
9
PHENOMIN-TAAM, CIPA, CNRS UPS44, Orléans, France.
10
Molecular and Functional Glyco-Oncology Lab, IQUIBICEN-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales-Universidad de Buenos Aires, CABA, Argentina.
11
CNRS UMR7200, Strasbourg University, Illkirch, France.
12
CNRS, UMR3348, Orsay, France.
13
Prostate Cancer Group, INSERM UMR981, Villejuif, France. anne.chauchereau@gustaveroussy.fr.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Targeted therapies that use the signaling pathways involved in prostate cancer are required to overcome chemoresistance and improve treatment outcomes for men. Molecular chaperones play a key role in the regulation of protein homeostasis and are potential targets for overcoming chemoresistance.Experimental Design: We established 4 chemoresistant prostate cancer cell lines and used image-based high-content siRNA functional screening, based on gene-expression signature, to explore mechanisms of chemoresistance and identify new potential targets with potential roles in taxane resistance. The functional role of a new target was assessed by in vitro and in vivo silencing, and mass spectrometry analysis was used to identify its downstream effectors.

RESULTS:

We identified FKBP7, a prolyl-peptidyl isomerase overexpressed in docetaxel-resistant and in cabazitaxel-resistant prostate cancer cells. This is the first study to characterize the function of human FKBP7 and explore its role in cancer. We discovered that FKBP7 was upregulated in human prostate cancers and its expression correlated with the recurrence observed in patients receiving docetaxel. FKBP7 silencing showed that FKBP7 is required to maintain the growth of chemoresistant cell lines and chemoresistant tumors in mice. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that FKBP7 interacts with eIF4G, a component of the eIF4F translation initiation complex, to mediate the survival of chemoresistant cells. Using small-molecule inhibitors of eIF4A, the RNA helicase component of eIF4F, we were able to kill docetaxel- and cabazitaxel-resistant cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Targeting FKBP7 or the eIF4G-containing eIF4F translation initiation complex could be novel therapeutic strategies to eradicate taxane-resistant prostate cancer cells.

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