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Usutu Virus Epizootic in Belgium in 2017 and 2018: Evidence of Virus Endemization and Ongoing Introduction Events.

Benzarti E, Sarlet M, Franssen M, Cadar D, Schmidt-Chanasit J, Rivas JF, Linden A, Desmecht D, Garigliany M.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2019 Sep 3. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2019.2469. [Epub ahead of print]


Newly emerged African swine fever virus strain Belgium/Etalle/wb/2018: Complete genomic sequence and comparative analysis with reference p72 genotype II strains.

Gilliaux G, Garigliany M, Licoppe A, Paternostre J, Lesenfants C, Linden A, Desmecht D.

Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019 Nov;66(6):2566-2591. doi: 10.1111/tbed.13302. Epub 2019 Aug 8.


First Evidence of Fatal Usutu Virus Natural Infections in an Anatidae, the Common Scoter (Melanitta nigra).

Benzarti E, Garigliany M, Hauman D, Paternostre J, Linden A, Franssen M, Sarlet M, Cassart D, Desmecht D.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2019 Oct;19(10):777-780. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2019.2460. Epub 2019 May 28.


A novel parvovirus, Roe deer copiparvovirus, identified in Ixodes ricinus ticks.

Linden A, Gilliaux G, Paternostre J, Benzarti E, Rivas JF, Desmecht D, Garigliany M.

Virus Genes. 2019 Jun;55(3):425-428. doi: 10.1007/s11262-019-01661-3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.


Anti-Influenza A Virus Activities of Type I/III Interferons-Induced Mx1 GTPases from Different Mammalian Species.

Dam Van P, Desmecht D, Garigliany MM, Bui Tran Anh D, Van Laere AS.

J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2019 May;39(5):274-282. doi: 10.1089/jir.2018.0157. Epub 2019 Apr 2.


Host-dependence of in vitro reassortment dynamics among the Sathuperi and Shamonda Simbuviruses.

Coupeau D, Bayrou C, Baillieux P, Marichal A, Lenaerts AC, Caty C, Wiggers L, Kirschvink N, Desmecht D, Muylkens B.

Emerg Microbes Infect. 2019;8(1):381-395. doi: 10.1080/22221751.2019.1586410.


Mosquito-borne epornitic flaviviruses: an update and review.

Benzarti E, Linden A, Desmecht D, Garigliany M.

J Gen Virol. 2019 Feb;100(2):119-132. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.001203. Epub 2019 Jan 22. Review.


Phylogeographic Analysis of African Swine Fever Virus, Western Europe, 2018.

Garigliany M, Desmecht D, Tignon M, Cassart D, Lesenfant C, Paternostre J, Volpe R, Cay AB, van den Berg T, Linden A.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2019 Jan;25(1):184-186. doi: 10.3201/eid2501.181535. Epub 2019 Jan 17.


Summer 2018: African swine fever virus hits north-western Europe.

Linden A, Licoppe A, Volpe R, Paternostre J, Lesenfants C, Cassart D, Garigliany M, Tignon M, van den Berg T, Desmecht D, Cay AB.

Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019 Jan;66(1):54-55. doi: 10.1111/tbed.13047. Epub 2018 Nov 12. No abstract available.


Growth Hormone (GH) Deficient Mice With GHRH Gene Ablation Are Severely Deficient in Vaccine and Immune Responses Against Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Farhat K, Bodart G, Charlet-Renard C, Desmet CJ, Moutschen M, Beguin Y, Baron F, Melin P, Quatresooz P, Parent AS, Desmecht D, Sirard JC, Salvatori R, Martens H, Geenen VG.

Front Immunol. 2018 Oct 2;9:2175. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2018.02175. eCollection 2018.


Author Correction: A gammaherpesvirus provides protection against allergic asthma by inducing the replacement of resident alveolar macrophages with regulatory monocytes.

Machiels B, Dourcy M, Xiao X, Javaux J, Mesnil C, Sabatel C, Desmecht D, Lallemand F, Martinive P, Hammad H, Guilliams M, Dewals B, Vanderplasschen A, Lambrecht BN, Bureau F, Gillet L.

Nat Immunol. 2018 Sep;19(9):1035. doi: 10.1038/s41590-017-0024-8.


Re-emergence of canine distemper in wildlife in Belgium.

Garigliany M, Sarlet M, Franssen M, Desmecht D, Volpe R, Lesenfants C, Paternostre J, Linden A.

Vet Rec. 2018 Apr 14;182(15):439. doi: 10.1136/vr.k1610. No abstract available.


Moku Virus in Invasive Asian Hornets, Belgium, 2016.

Garigliany M, Taminiau B, El Agrebi N, Cadar D, Gilliaux G, Hue M, Desmecht D, Daube G, Linden A, Farnir F, De Proft M, Saegerman C.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2017 Dec;23(12):2109-2112. doi: 10.3201/eid2312.171080.


A gammaherpesvirus provides protection against allergic asthma by inducing the replacement of resident alveolar macrophages with regulatory monocytes.

Machiels B, Dourcy M, Xiao X, Javaux J, Mesnil C, Sabatel C, Desmecht D, Lallemand F, Martinive P, Hammad H, Guilliams M, Dewals B, Vanderplasschen A, Lambrecht BN, Bureau F, Gillet L.

Nat Immunol. 2017 Dec;18(12):1310-1320. doi: 10.1038/ni.3857. Epub 2017 Oct 16. Erratum in: Nat Immunol. 2018 Sep;19(9):1035.


Widespread activity of multiple lineages of Usutu virus, western Europe, 2016.

Cadar D, Lühken R, van der Jeugd H, Garigliany M, Ziegler U, Keller M, Lahoreau J, Lachmann L, Becker N, Kik M, Oude Munnink BB, Bosch S, Tannich E, Linden A, Schmidt V, Koopmans MP, Rijks J, Desmecht D, Groschup MH, Reusken C, Schmidt-Chanasit J.

Euro Surveill. 2017 Jan 26;22(4). pii: 30452. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.4.30452.


Usutu virus, Belgium, 2016.

Garigliany M, Linden A, Gilliau G, Levy E, Sarlet M, Franssen M, Benzarti E, Derouaux A, Francis F, Desmecht D.

Infect Genet Evol. 2017 Mar;48:116-119. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2016.12.023. Epub 2016 Dec 23.


Soluble forms of CD46 are detected in Bos taurus plasma and neutralize BVDV, the bovine pestivirus.

Alzamel N, Bayrou C, Decreux A, Desmecht D.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016 Dec;49:39-46. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2016.09.001. Epub 2016 Sep 6.


Cell cycle S phase markers are expressed in cerebral neuron nuclei of cats infected by the Feline Panleukopenia Virus.

Poncelet L, Garigliany M, Ando K, Franssen M, Desmecht D, Brion JP.

Cell Cycle. 2016 Dec 16;15(24):3482-3489. doi: 10.1080/15384101.2016.1249546. Epub 2016 Nov 10.


Cryopreservation of chicken primordial germ cells by vitrification and slow freezing: A comparative study.

Tonus C, Connan D, Waroux O, Vandenhove B, Wayet J, Gillet L, Desmecht D, Antoine N, Ectors FJ, Grobet L.

Theriogenology. 2017 Jan 15;88:197-206. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.09.022. Epub 2016 Sep 21.


Feline panleukopenia virus in cerebral neurons of young and adult cats.

Garigliany M, Gilliaux G, Jolly S, Casanova T, Bayrou C, Gommeren K, Fett T, Mauroy A, Lévy E, Cassart D, Peeters D, Poncelet L, Desmecht D.

BMC Vet Res. 2016 Feb 19;12:28. doi: 10.1186/s12917-016-0657-0.


Risk factors and effect of selective removal on retroviral infections prevalence in Belgian stray cats.

Garigliany M, Jolly S, Dive M, Bayrou C, Berthemin S, Robin P, Godenir R, Petry J, Dahout S, Cassart D, Thiry E, Desmecht D, Saegerman C.

Vet Rec. 2016 Jan 9;178(2):45. doi: 10.1136/vr.103314. Epub 2016 Jan 7.


Hyporeactivity of Alveolar Macrophages and Higher Respiratory Cell Permissivity Characterize DBA/2J Mice Infected by Influenza A Virus.

Casanova T, Van de Paar E, Desmecht D, Garigliany MM.

J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2015 Oct;35(10):808-20. doi: 10.1089/jir.2014.0237. Epub 2015 Jul 2.


A role for APPL1 in TLR3/4-dependent TBK1 and IKKε activation in macrophages.

Chau TL, Göktuna SI, Rammal A, Casanova T, Duong HQ, Gatot JS, Close P, Dejardin E, Desmecht D, Shostak K, Chariot A.

J Immunol. 2015 Apr 15;194(8):3970-83. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1401614. Epub 2015 Mar 16.


The α2,3-sialyltransferase encoded by myxoma virus is a virulence factor that contributes to immunosuppression.

Boutard B, Vankerckhove S, Markine-Goriaynoff N, Sarlet M, Desmecht D, McFadden G, Vanderplasschen A, Gillet L.

PLoS One. 2015 Feb 23;10(2):e0118806. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118806. eCollection 2015.


Rational development of an attenuated recombinant cyprinid herpesvirus 3 vaccine using prokaryotic mutagenesis and in vivo bioluminescent imaging.

Boutier M, Ronsmans M, Ouyang P, Fournier G, Reschner A, Rakus K, Wilkie GS, Farnir F, Bayrou C, Lieffrig F, Li H, Desmecht D, Davison AJ, Vanderplasschen A.

PLoS Pathog. 2015 Feb 20;11(2):e1004690. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1004690. eCollection 2015 Feb. Erratum in: PLoS Pathog. 2015 Apr;11(4):e1004861.


Hydrophobin fusion of an influenza virus hemagglutinin allows high transient expression in Nicotiana benthamiana, easy purification and immune response with neutralizing activity.

Jacquet N, Navarre C, Desmecht D, Boutry M.

PLoS One. 2014 Dec 26;9(12):e115944. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0115944. eCollection 2014.


Characterization of a novel circo-like virus in Aedes vexans mosquitoes from Germany: evidence for a new genus within the family Circoviridae.

Garigliany MM, Börstler J, Jöst H, Badusche M, Desmecht D, Schmidt-Chanasit J, Cadar D.

J Gen Virol. 2015 Apr;96(Pt 4):915-20. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.000036. Epub 2014 Dec 22.


Cyclovirus CyCV-VN species distribution is not limited to Vietnam and extends to Africa.

Garigliany MM, Hagen RM, Frickmann H, May J, Schwarz NG, Perse A, Jöst H, Börstler J, Shahhosseini N, Desmecht D, Mbunkah HA, Daniel AM, Kingsley MT, Campos Rde M, de Paula VS, Randriamampionona N, Poppert S, Tannich E, Rakotozandrindrainy R, Cadar D, Schmidt-Chanasit J.

Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 18;4:7552. doi: 10.1038/srep07552.


Long term-cultured and cryopreserved primordial germ cells from various chicken breeds retain high proliferative potential and gonadal colonisation competency.

Tonus C, Cloquette K, Ectors F, Piret J, Gillet L, Antoine N, Desmecht D, Vanderplasschen A, Waroux O, Grobet L.

Reprod Fertil Dev. 2016 Apr;28(5):628-39. doi: 10.1071/RD14194.


Bite injuries of grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) on harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena).

Jauniaux T, Garigliany MM, Loos P, Bourgain JL, Bouveroux T, Coignoul F, Haelters J, Karpouzopoulos J, Pezeril S, Desmecht D.

PLoS One. 2014 Dec 2;9(12):e108993. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108993. eCollection 2014.


Sensitivity and permissivity of Cyprinus carpio to cyprinid herpesvirus 3 during the early stages of its development: importance of the epidermal mucus as an innate immune barrier.

Ronsmans M, Boutier M, Rakus K, Farnir F, Desmecht D, Ectors F, Vandecan M, Lieffrig F, Mélard C, Vanderplasschen A.

Vet Res. 2014 Oct 4;45:100. doi: 10.1186/s13567-014-0100-0.


Natural intrauterine infection with Schmallenberg virus in malformed newborn calves.

Bayrou C, Garigliany MM, Sarlet M, Sartelet A, Cassart D, Desmecht D.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Aug;20(8):1327-30. doi: 10.3201/eid2008.121890.


Detection of Usutu virus in a bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) and a great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) in north-west Europe.

Garigliany MM, Marlier D, Tenner-Racz K, Eiden M, Cassart D, Gandar F, Beer M, Schmidt-Chanasit J, Desmecht D.

Vet J. 2014 Jan;199(1):191-3. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.10.017. Epub 2013 Oct 28.


No serologic evidence for emerging Schmallenberg virus infection in dogs (Canis domesticus).

Garigliany MM, Desmecht D, Bayrou C, Peeters D.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2013 Nov;13(11):830-3. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2012.1251. Epub 2013 Oct 9.


Bovine lymphotropic herpesvirus detected in Belgium.

Garigliany MM, Bayrou C, Cassart D, Jolly S, Desmecht D.

Vet Rec. 2013 May 18;172(20):535-6. doi: 10.1136/vr.f3127. No abstract available.


Bluetongue virus RNA detection by real-time rt-PCR in post-vaccination samples from cattle.

De Leeuw I, Garigliany M, Bertels G, Willems T, Desmecht D, De Clercq K.

Transbound Emerg Dis. 2015 Apr;62(2):157-62. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12100. Epub 2013 Apr 24.


Illumination of murine gammaherpesvirus-68 cycle reveals a sexual transmission route from females to males in laboratory mice.

François S, Vidick S, Sarlet M, Desmecht D, Drion P, Stevenson PG, Vanderplasschen A, Gillet L.

PLoS Pathog. 2013;9(4):e1003292. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003292. Epub 2013 Apr 4.


Schmallenberg virus circulation in Belgium in 2012.

Bayrou C, Garigliany MM, Cassart D, Jolly S, Desmecht D.

Vet Rec. 2013 Mar 16;172(11):296. doi: 10.1136/vr.f1637. No abstract available.


Protective role of P2Y2 receptor against lung infection induced by pneumonia virus of mice.

Vanderstocken G, Van de Paar E, Robaye B, di Pietrantonio L, Bondue B, Boeynaems JM, Desmecht D, Communi D.

PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e50385. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050385. Epub 2012 Nov 21.


Epizootic spread of Schmallenberg virus among wild cervids, Belgium, Fall 2011.

Linden A, Desmecht D, Volpe R, Wirtgen M, Gregoire F, Pirson J, Paternostre J, Kleijnen D, Schirrmeier H, Beer M, Garigliany MM.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2012 Dec;18(12):2006-8. doi: 10.3201/eid1812.121067.


Characterization of the resistance of SJL/J mice to pneumonia virus of mice, a model for infantile bronchiolitis due to a respiratory syncytial virus.

Glineur S, Tran Anh DB, Sarlet M, Michaux C, Desmecht D.

PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e44581. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044581. Epub 2012 Oct 15.


Functional characterization of new allelic polymorphisms identified in the promoter region of the human MxA gene.

Tran Thi Duc T, Desmecht D, Cornet A.

Int J Immunogenet. 2013 Aug;40(4):316-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-313X.2012.01153.x. Epub 2012 Sep 17.


Schmallenberg virus in domestic cattle, Belgium, 2012.

Garigliany MM, Bayrou C, Kleijnen D, Cassart D, Desmecht D.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2012 Sep;18(9):1512-4. doi: 10.3201/eid1809.120716.


Detection of new biallelic polymorphisms in the human MxA gene.

Duc TT, Farnir F, Michaux C, Desmecht D, Cornet A.

Mol Biol Rep. 2012 Aug;39(8):8533-8. doi: 10.1007/s11033-012-1708-7. Epub 2012 Jun 20.


Human/bovine chimeric MxA-like GTPases reveal a contribution of N-terminal domains to the magnitude of anti-influenza A activity.

Garigliany MM, Cornet A, Desmecht D.

J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2012 Jul;32(7):326-31. doi: 10.1089/jir.2011.0106. Epub 2012 Jun 11.


Schmallenberg virus: a new Shamonda/Sathuperi-like virus on the rise in Europe.

Garigliany MM, Bayrou C, Kleijnen D, Cassart D, Jolly S, Linden A, Desmecht D.

Antiviral Res. 2012 Aug;95(2):82-7. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2012.05.014. Epub 2012 Jun 5. Review.


Schmallenberg virus in calf born at term with porencephaly, Belgium.

Garigliany MM, Hoffmann B, Dive M, Sartelet A, Bayrou C, Cassart D, Beer M, Desmecht D.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;18(6):1005-6. doi: 10.3201/eid1806.120104. No abstract available.


Detection of disease resistance and susceptibility alleles in pigs using oligonucleotide microarray hybridization.

Pastoret S, Ameels H, Bossiroy F, Decreux A, De Longueville F, Thomas A, Desmecht D.

J Vet Diagn Invest. 2012 May;24(3):479-88. doi: 10.1177/1040638712442878.


In Vivo modulation of the innate response to pneumovirus by type-I and -III interferon-induced Bos taurus Mx1.

Dermine M, Desmecht D.

J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2012 Jul;32(7):332-7. doi: 10.1089/jir.2011.0123. Epub 2012 Mar 2.


ChemR23 dampens lung inflammation and enhances anti-viral immunity in a mouse model of acute viral pneumonia.

Bondue B, Vosters O, de Nadai P, Glineur S, De Henau O, Luangsay S, Van Gool F, Communi D, De Vuyst P, Desmecht D, Parmentier M.

PLoS Pathog. 2011 Nov;7(11):e1002358. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002358. Epub 2011 Nov 3.

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