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Contraception. 2018 Feb;97(2):160-166. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2017.11.002. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Provision of medical abortion by midlevel healthcare providers in Kyrgyzstan: testing an intervention to expand safe abortion services to underserved rural and periurban areas.

Author information

1
Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Electronic address: johnsonb@who.int.
2
Department of Family Planning, National Center for Mother and Child Health, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Electronic address: maksutovaelmira@mail.ru.
3
Department of Social Development, History and Culture, Office of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic. Electronic address: aigul-b@list.ru.
4
Reproductive Health Center, Jalal-Abad, Kyrgyzstan. Electronic address: ozrzch@mail.ru.
5
Kyrgyz Alliance of Midwives, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Electronic address: chikazak@mail.ru.
6
Department of Family Planning, National Center for Mother and Child Health, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Electronic address: Ktu1995@mail.ru.
7
Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Electronic address: landoulsis@who.int.
8
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rīga Stradiņš University, Rīga, Latvia. Electronic address: lazdaneg@gmail.com.
9
World Health Organization Country Office, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Electronic address: monolbaevk@who.int.
10
Instituto Nacional de Higiene, Epidemiología y Microbiología Infanta, La Habana, Cuba. Electronic address: armandoseuc@infomed.sld.cu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To demonstrate the feasibility and safety of training midlevel healthcare providers (midwives and family nurses) to provide medical abortion and postabortion contraception in underserved areas in Kyrgyzstan.

STUDY DESIGN:

This was an implementation study at four referral facilities and 28 Felsher Obstetric Points in two districts to train their midwives and family nurses to deliver safe and effective abortion care with co-packaged mifepristone-misoprostol and provide contraceptives postabortion. The outcome of abortion - complete abortion, incomplete abortion or o-going pregnancy - was the primary end point measured. An international consultant trained 18 midwives and 14 family nurses (with midwifery diplomas) to provide medical abortion care. Supervising gynecologists based in the referral centers and study investigators based in Bishkek provided monthly monitoring of services and collection of patient management forms. A voluntary self-administered questionnaire at the follow-up visit documented women's acceptability of medical abortion services. All study data were cross-checked and entered into an online data management system for descriptive analysis.

RESULTS:

Between August 2014 and September 2015, midwives provided medical abortion to 554 women with a complete abortion rate of 97.8%, of whom 62% chose to use misoprostol at home. No women were lost to follow-up. Nearly all women (99.5%) chose a contraceptive method postabortion; 61% of women receiving services completed the acceptability form, of whom more than 99% indicated a high level of satisfaction with the service and would recommend it to a friend.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates that trained Kyrgyz midwives and nurses can provide medical abortion safely and effectively. This locally generated evidence can be used by the Kyrgyz Ministry of Health to reduce unintended pregnancy and expand safe abortion care to women in underserved periurban and rural settings.

IMPLICATIONS:

Success in scaling up midwife/nurse provision of medical abortion in Kyrgyzstan will require registration of mifepristone-misoprostol, regulations permanently allowing midwife/nurse provision, strengthened procurement and distribution systems to prevent stockouts of supplies, preservice training of midwives/nurses and their involvement in district level supervision, monitoring and reporting, and support from supervisors.

KEYWORDS:

Abortion; Kyrgyzstan; Medical abortion; Midlevel providers; Midwives; Nurses

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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