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Plant Cell. 2019 Mar 14. pii: tpc.00656.2018. doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00656. [Epub ahead of print]

Identification of molecular integrators shows that nitrogen actively controls the phosphate starvation response in plants.

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Supagro CITY: montpellier France [FR].
INRA CITY: Montpellier France [FR].
VIB-UGent Center for Plant Systems Biology CITY: Ghent Belgium [BE].
UQ CITY: Brisbane Australia [AU].
Centro Nacional de Biotecnología-CSIC Darwin, 3. Campus UAM. Cantoblanco CITY: Madrid POSTAL_CODE: 28049 Spain [ES].
CNRS CITY: Montpellier France [FR].
INRA CITY: Montpellier POSTAL_CODE: 34060 France [FR].
The University of Queensland CITY: St Lucia Australia [AU].
Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, CNRS/INRA/SupAgro-M/UM2 CITY: Montpellier France [FR]


Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are key macronutrients sustaining plant growth and crop yield, and ensuring food security worldwide. Understanding how plants perceive and interpret the combinatorial nature of these signals thus has important agricultural implications within the context of: i) increased food demand, ii) limited P supply, and iii) environmental pollution due to N fertilizer usage. Here we report the discovery of an active control of P Starvation Responses (PSR) by a combination of local and long-distance N signaling pathways in plants. We show that, in Arabidopsis thaliana, the nitrate transceptor CHLORINA 1/ NITRATE TRANSPORTER 1.1 (CHL1/NRT1.1) is a component of this signaling crosstalk. We also demonstrate that this crosstalk is dependent on the control of the accumulation and turnover by N of the transcription factor PHOSPHATE STARVATION RESPONSE 1/PHR1, a master regulator of P sensing and signaling. We further show an important role of PHOSPHATE 2/PHO2 as an integrator of the N availability into the PSR since the effect of N on PSR is strongly affected in pho2 mutants. We finally show that PHO2 and NRT1.1 influence each other's transcript levels. These observations are summarized in a model representing a framework with several entry points where N signal influence PSR. Finally, we demonstrate that this phenomenon is conserved in rice (Oryza sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) opening biotechnological perspectives in crop plants.


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