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Mol Pharmacol. 2018 Jul;94(1):731-742. doi: 10.1124/mol.117.111583. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Restoration of Physiological Expression of 5-HT6 Receptor into the Primary Cilia of Null Mutant Neurons Lengthens Both Primary Cilia and Dendrites.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington neumaier@uw.edu.

Abstract

5-HT6 (serotonin) receptors are promising targets for a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders and have been linked to several cellular signaling cascades. Endogenous 5-HT6 receptors are restricted to the primary neuronal cilium, a small sensory organelle stemming from the cell body that receives numerous extrasynaptic signals. Inhibition of 5-HT6 receptors decreases cilia length in primary neuronal cultures, but the signaling mechanisms involved are still unclear. Intense overexpression of exogenous 5-HT6 receptors increases the probability for receptors to localize outside the primary cilium and have been associated with changes in cilia morphology and dendritic outgrowth. In the present study, we explore the role of 5-HT6R rescue on neuronal morphology in primary neuronal cultures from 5-HT6R-KO mice, at the same time maintaining a more physiologic level of expression, wherein the receptor localizes to cilia in 80%-90% of neurons (similar to endogenous 5-HT6R localization). We found that rescue of 5-HT6R expression is sufficient to increase cilia length and dendritic outgrowth, but primarily in neurons in which the receptor is located exclusively in the primary cilia. Additionally, we found that expression of 5-HT6R mutants deficient in agonist-stimulated cAMP or without the predicted Fyn kinase binding domain maintained constitutive activity for stimulating cAMP and still increased the length of cilia, and that the proposed Fyn kinase domain was required for stimulating dendritic outgrowth. These findings highlight the complexity of 5-HT6R function and localization, particularly with the use of exogenous overexpression, and provide greater understanding and potential mechanisms for 5-HT6R drug therapies.

PMID:
29678909
PMCID:
PMC5987994
[Available on 2019-07-01]
DOI:
10.1124/mol.117.111583

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