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"Treatment is not yet necessary": delays in seeking access to HIV treatment in Uganda and Zimbabwe.

Kawuma R, Seeley J, Mupambireyi Z, Cowan F, Bernays S; REALITY Trial Team.

Afr J AIDS Res. 2018 Sep;17(3):217-225. doi: 10.2989/16085906.2018.1490785. Epub 2018 Aug 22.


Neurodevelopment After Perinatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke.

Wagenaar N, Martinez-Biarge M, van der Aa NE, van Haastert IC, Groenendaal F, Benders MJNL, Cowan FM, de Vries LS.

Pediatrics. 2018 Sep;142(3). pii: e20174164. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-4164. Epub 2018 Aug 2.


Evaluating the impact of the DREAMS partnership to reduce HIV incidence among adolescent girls and young women in four settings: a study protocol.

Birdthistle I, Schaffnit SB, Kwaro D, Shahmanesh M, Ziraba A, Kabiru CW, Phillips-Howard P, Chimbindi N, Ondeng'e K, Gourlay A, Cowan FM, Hargreaves JR, Hensen B, Chiyaka T, Glynn JR, Floyd S.

BMC Public Health. 2018 Jul 25;18(1):912. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5789-7.


Engagement in HIV Care Among Young Female Sex Workers in Zimbabwe.

Napierala S, Chabata ST, Fearon E, Davey C, Hargreaves J, Busza J, Mushati P, Mtetwa S, Chiyaka T, Mugurungi O, Hanisch D, Hatzold K, Phillips A, Cowan FM.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Nov 1;79(3):358-366. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001815.


Changes in engagement in HIV prevention and care services among female sex workers during intensified community mobilization in 3 sites in Zimbabwe, 2011 to 2015.

Ndori-Mharadze T, Fearon E, Busza J, Dirawo J, Musemburi S, Davey C, Acharya X, Mtetwa S, Hargreaves JR, Cowan F.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 Jul;21 Suppl 5:e25138. doi: 10.1002/jia2.25138.


Targeted combination prevention to support female sex workers in Zimbabwe accessing and adhering to antiretrovirals for treatment and prevention of HIV (SAPPH-IRe): a cluster-randomised trial.

Cowan FM, Davey C, Fearon E, Mushati P, Dirawo J, Chabata S, Cambiano V, Napierala S, Hanisch D, Wong-Gruenwald R, Masuka N, Mabugo T, Hatzold K, Mugurungi O, Busza J, Phillips A, Hargreaves JR.

Lancet HIV. 2018 Aug;5(8):e417-e426. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30111-5. Epub 2018 Jul 18.


Zvandiri-Bringing a Differentiated Service Delivery Program to Scale for Children, Adolescents, and Young People in Zimbabwe.

Willis N, Napei T, Armstrong A, Jackson H, Apollo T, Mushavi A, Ncube G, Cowan FM.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Aug 15;78 Suppl 2:S115-S123. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001737.


Evaluating the effectiveness of a multi-component intervention on early childhood development in paediatric HIV care and treatment programmes: a randomised controlled trial.

Chingono R, Mebrahtu H, Mupambireyi Z, Simms V, Weiss HA, Ndlovu P, Charasika F, Tomlinson M, Cluver LD, Cowan FM, Sherr L.

BMC Pediatr. 2018 Jul 9;18(1):222. doi: 10.1186/s12887-018-1201-0.


The effect of mobility on HIV-related healthcare access and use for female sex workers: A systematic review.

Davey C, Cowan F, Hargreaves J.

Soc Sci Med. 2018 Aug;211:261-273. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.06.017. Epub 2018 Jun 20. Review.


Preferences for linkage to HIV care services following a reactive self-test: discrete choice experiments in Malawi and Zambia.

d'Elbée M, Indravudh PP, Mwenge L, Kumwenda MM, Simwinga M, Choko AT, Hensen B, Neuman M, Ong JJ, Sibanda EL, Johnson CC, Hatzold K, Cowan FM, Ayles H, Corbett EL, Terris-Prestholt F.

AIDS. 2018 Sep 10;32(14):2043-2049. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001918.


Postpartum maternal mental health is associated with cognitive development of HIV-exposed infants in Zimbabwe: a cross-sectional study.

Mebrahtu H, Simms V, Chingono R, Mupambireyi Z, Weiss HA, Ndlovu P, Malaba R, Cowan FM, Sherr L.

AIDS Care. 2018 Jun;30(sup2):74-82. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2018.1468015. Epub 2018 May 30.


Postnatal Brain Growth Assessed by Sequential Cranial Ultrasonography in Infants Born <30 Weeks' Gestational Age.

Cuzzilla R, Spittle AJ, Lee KJ, Rogerson S, Cowan FM, Doyle LW, Cheong JLY.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2018 Jun;39(6):1170-1176. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A5679. Epub 2018 May 17.


Intracranial hemorrhage in neonates: A review of etiologies, patterns and predicted clinical outcomes.

Tan AP, Svrckova P, Cowan F, Chong WK, Mankad K.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2018 Jul;22(4):690-717. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2018.04.008. Epub 2018 Apr 24. Review.


Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) in Zimbabwe: Outcomes and Challenges.

Hakim JG, Chidzonga MM, Borok MZ, Nathoo KJ, Matenga J, Havranek E, Cowan F, Abas M, Aagaard E, Connors S, Nkomani S, Ndhlovu CE, Matsika A, Barry M, Campbell TB.

Glob Health Sci Pract. 2018 Mar 30;6(1):82-92. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-17-00052. Print 2018 Mar 21.


Developmental conduction aphasia after neonatal stroke.

Northam GB, Adler S, Eschmann KCJ, Chong WK, Cowan FM, Baldeweg T.

Ann Neurol. 2018 Apr;83(4):664-675. doi: 10.1002/ana.25218.


Reaching young women who sell sex: Methods and results of social mapping to describe and identify young women for DREAMS impact evaluation in Zimbabwe.

Chiyaka T, Mushati P, Hensen B, Chabata S, Hargreaves JR, Floyd S, Birdthistle IJ, Cowan FM, Busza JR.

PLoS One. 2018 Mar 15;13(3):e0194301. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194301. eCollection 2018.


Evaluating the impact of DREAMS on HIV incidence among young women who sell sex: protocol for a non-randomised study in Zimbabwe.

Hensen B, Hargreaves JR, Chiyaka T, Chabata S, Mushati P, Floyd S, Birdthistle I, Busza J, Cowan F.

BMC Public Health. 2018 Jan 31;18(1):203. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5085-6.


Posthemorrhagic perils of prematurity.

Myers GJ, Cowan FM.

Neurology. 2018 Feb 20;90(8):351-352. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005007. Epub 2018 Jan 24. No abstract available.


Concerns about a New Preterm MR Imaging Scoring System.

de Vries LS, Cowan FM.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 Nov 23. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A5466. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Validity of neurodevelopmental outcomes of children born very preterm assessed during routine clinical follow-up in England.

Wong HS, Cowan FM, Modi N; Medicines for Neonates Investigator Group.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Sep;103(5):F479-F484. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2016-312535. Epub 2017 Oct 27.


Evaluating a multi-component, community-based program to improve adherence and retention in care among adolescents living with HIV in Zimbabwe: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial.

Mavhu W, Willis N, Mufuka J, Mangenah C, Mvududu K, Bernays S, Mangezi W, Apollo T, Araya R, Weiss HA, Cowan FM.

Trials. 2017 Oct 20;18(1):478. doi: 10.1186/s13063-017-2198-7.


Costs of facility-based HIV testing in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Mwenge L, Sande L, Mangenah C, Ahmed N, Kanema S, d'Elbée M, Sibanda E, Kalua T, Ncube G, Johnson CC, Hatzold K, Cowan FM, Corbett EL, Ayles H, Maheswaran H, Terris-Prestholt F.

PLoS One. 2017 Oct 16;12(10):e0185740. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185740. eCollection 2017.


Reduced infancy and childhood epilepsy following hypothermia-treated neonatal encephalopathy.

Liu X, Jary S, Cowan F, Thoresen M.

Epilepsia. 2017 Nov;58(11):1902-1911. doi: 10.1111/epi.13914. Epub 2017 Sep 29.


Sample Size Calculations for Population Size Estimation Studies Using Multiplier Methods With Respondent-Driven Sampling Surveys.

Fearon E, Chabata ST, Thompson JA, Cowan FM, Hargreaves JR.

JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2017 Sep 14;3(3):e59. doi: 10.2196/publichealth.7909.


Effect of non-monetary incentives on uptake of couples' counselling and testing among clients attending mobile HIV services in rural Zimbabwe: a cluster-randomised trial.

Sibanda EL, Tumushime M, Mufuka J, Mavedzenge SN, Gudukeya S, Bautista-Arredondo S, Hatzold K, Thirumurthy H, McCoy SI, Padian N, Copas A, Cowan FM.

Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Sep;5(9):e907-e915. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30296-6.


Perceived burden of care and reported coping strategies and needs for family caregivers of people with mental disorders in Zimbabwe.

Marimbe BD, Cowan F, Kajawu L, Muchirahondo F, Lund C.

Afr J Disabil. 2016 Aug 24;5(1):209. doi: 10.4102/ajod.v5i1.209. eCollection 2016.


Amplitude-Integrated Electroencephalography Improves the Identification of Infants with Encephalopathy for Therapeutic Hypothermia and Predicts Neurodevelopmental Outcomes at 2 Years of Age.

Skranes JH, Løhaugen G, Schumacher EM, Osredkar D, Server A, Cowan FM, Stiris T, Fugelseth D, Thoresen M.

J Pediatr. 2017 Aug;187:34-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.04.041. Epub 2017 May 23.


Good news for sex workers in Zimbabwe: how a court order improved safety in the absence of decriminalization.

Busza J, Mtetwa S, Fearon E, Hofisi D, Mundawarara T, Yekeye R, Magure T, Mugurungi O, Cowan F.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 May 15;20(1):21860. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21860. No abstract available.


MRI Patterns of brain injury and neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates with severe anaemia at birth.

Loureiro B, Martinez-Biarge M, Foti F, Papadaki M, Cowan FM, Wusthoff CJ.

Early Hum Dev. 2017 Feb;105:17-22. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2017.01.001. Epub 2017 Jan 17.


Medical Education Partnership Initiative in Zimbabwe: partnerships for transformation.

Hakim JG, Barry M, Matenga J, Cowan F, Campbell TB.

Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Feb;5(2):e143-e144. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30005-0. No abstract available.


Unpacking early infant male circumcision decision-making using qualitative findings from Zimbabwe.

Mavhu W, Hatzold K, Ncube G, Fernando S, Mangenah C, Chatora K, Dhlamini R, Mugurungi O, Ticklay I, Cowan FM.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2017 Jan 9;17(1):2. doi: 10.1186/s12914-016-0111-1.


Overlapping HIV and sex-work stigma among female sex workers recruited to 14 respondent-driven sampling surveys across Zimbabwe, 2013.

Hargreaves JR, Busza J, Mushati P, Fearon E, Cowan FM.

AIDS Care. 2017 Jun;29(6):675-685. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2016.1268673. Epub 2016 Dec 21.


The HIV Care Cascade Among Female Sex Workers in Zimbabwe: Results of a Population-Based Survey From the Sisters Antiretroviral Therapy Programme for Prevention of HIV, an Integrated Response (SAPPH-IRe) Trial.

Cowan FM, Davey CB, Fearon E, Mushati P, Dirawo J, Cambiano V, Napierala Mavedzenge S, Hanisch D, Wong-Gruenwald R, Chemhuru M, Masuka N, Hatzold K, Mugurungi O, Busza J, Philips AN, Hargreaves JR.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Apr 1;74(4):375-382. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001255.


Connecting science past and future.

Cowan FM.

J Chin Med Assoc. 2017 Jan;80(1):1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jcma.2016.09.003. Epub 2016 Nov 1. No abstract available.


PrEP implementation research in Africa: what is new?

Cowan FM, Delany-Moretlwe S, Sanders EJ, Mugo NR, Guedou FA, Alary M, Behanzin L, Mugurungi O, Bekker LG.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2016 Oct 18;19(7(Suppl 6)):21101. doi: 10.7448/IAS.19.7.21101. eCollection 2016.


Developmental Assessments in Preterm Children: A Meta-analysis.

Wong HS, Santhakumaran S, Cowan FM, Modi N; Medicines for Neonates Investigator Group.

Pediatrics. 2016 Aug;138(2). pii: e20160251. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-0251.


Comparative Cost of Early Infant Male Circumcision by Nurse-Midwives and Doctors in Zimbabwe.

Mangenah C, Mavhu W, Hatzold K, Biddle AK, Ncube G, Mugurungi O, Ticklay I, Cowan FM, Thirumurthy H.

Glob Health Sci Pract. 2016 Jul 13;4 Suppl 1:S68-75. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-15-00201. Print 2016 Jul.


Perspectives of Parents and Health Care Workers on Early Infant Male Circumcision Conducted Using Devices: Qualitative Findings From Harare, Zimbabwe.

Mavhu W, Hatzold K, Ncube G, Fernando S, Mangenah C, Chatora K, Mugurungi O, Ticklay I, Cowan FM.

Glob Health Sci Pract. 2016 Jul 13;4 Suppl 1:S55-67. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-15-00200. Print 2016 Jul.


Safety, Acceptability, and Feasibility of Early Infant Male Circumcision Conducted by Nurse-Midwives Using the AccuCirc Device: Results of a Field Study in Zimbabwe.

Mavhu W, Larke N, Hatzold K, Ncube G, Weiss HA, Mangenah C, Chonzi P, Mugurungi O, Mufuka J, Samkange CA, Gwinji G, Cowan FM, Ticklay I.

Glob Health Sci Pract. 2016 Jul 13;4 Suppl 1:S42-54. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-15-00199. Print 2016 Jul.


Underage and underserved: reaching young women who sell sex in Zimbabwe.

Busza J, Mtetwa S, Mapfumo R, Hanisch D, Wong-Gruenwald R, Cowan F.

AIDS Care. 2016 Mar;28 Suppl 2:14-20. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2016.1176673.


Safety and Acceptability of the PrePex Device When Used in Routine Male Circumcision Service Delivery During Active Surveillance in Zimbabwe.

Mavhu W, Hatzold K, Ncube G, Xaba S, Madidi N, Keatinge J, Dhodho E, Samkange CA, Tshimanga M, Mangwiro T, Mugurungi O, Njeuhmeli E, Cowan FM.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Jun 1;72 Suppl 1:S63-8. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000721.


HIV-1 Vertical Transmission in Zimbabwe in 622 Mother and Infant Pairs: Rethinking the Contribution of Mannose Binding Lectin Deficiency in Africa.

Zinyama-Gutsire RB, Christiansen M, Hedley PL, Rusakaniko S, Hagen C, Stray-Pedersen B, Buzdugan R, Cowan F, Chasela C.

OMICS. 2016 Jul;20(7):433-41. doi: 10.1089/omi.2016.0056. Epub 2016 Jun 17.


Sharing clinical trial data.

Hayes R, Ayles H, Binka F, Cowan F, Kamali A, Kapiga S, Kleinschmidt I, Mayaud P, Patel V, Smith P, Weiss H.

Lancet. 2016 Jun 4;387(10035):2287. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30682-1. No abstract available.


MRI Based Preterm White Matter Injury Classification: The Importance of Sequential Imaging in Determining Severity of Injury.

Martinez-Biarge M, Groenendaal F, Kersbergen KJ, Benders MJ, Foti F, Cowan FM, de Vries LS.

PLoS One. 2016 Jun 3;11(6):e0156245. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156245. eCollection 2016.


Lay Health Workers' Experience of Delivering a Problem Solving Therapy Intervention for Common Mental Disorders Among People Living with HIV: A Qualitative Study from Zimbabwe.

Chibanda D, Cowan F, Verhey R, Machando D, Abas M, Lund C.

Community Ment Health J. 2017 Feb;53(2):143-153. doi: 10.1007/s10597-016-0018-2. Epub 2016 May 24.


Targeting elimination of mother-to-child HIV transmission efforts using geospatial analysis of mother-to-child HIV transmission in Zimbabwe.

McCoy SI, Fahey C, Buzdugan R, Mushavi A, Mahomva A, Padian NS, Cowan FM.

AIDS. 2016 Jul 17;30(11):1829-37. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001127.


Clinical presentation and spectrum of neuroimaging findings in newborn infants with incontinentia pigmenti.

Soltirovska Salamon A, Lichtenbelt K, Cowan FM, Casaer A, Dudink J, Dereymaeker A, Paro-Panjan D, Groenendaal F, de Vries LS.

Dev Med Child Neurol. 2016 Oct;58(10):1076-84. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.13140. Epub 2016 Apr 28.


Implementation and Operational Research: Cohort Analysis of Program Data to Estimate HIV Incidence and Uptake of HIV-Related Services Among Female Sex Workers in Zimbabwe, 2009-2014.

Hargreaves JR, Mtetwa S, Davey C, Dirawo J, Chidiya S, Benedikt C, Naperiela Mavedzenge S, Wong-Gruenwald R, Hanisch D, Magure T, Mugurungi O, Cowan FM.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 May 1;72(1):e1-8. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000920.


Early cranial ultrasound findings among infants with neonatal encephalopathy in Uganda: an observational study.

Tann CJ, Nakakeeto M, Hagmann C, Webb EL, Nyombi N, Namiiro F, Harvey-Jones K, Muhumuza A, Burgoine K, Elliott AM, Kurinczuk JJ, Robertson NJ, Cowan FM.

Pediatr Res. 2016 Aug;80(2):190-6. doi: 10.1038/pr.2016.77. Epub 2016 Apr 11.

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