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Plant Physiol. 1998 Jul;117(3):1095-101.

The biosynthesis of salicylic acid in potato plants

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Departement de Biologie, Route Albert-Gockel 3, Universite de Fribourg, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland.


Spraying potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) leaves with arachidonic acid (AA) at 1500 &mgr;g mL-1 led to a rapid local synthesis of salicylic acid (SA) and accumulation of a SA conjugate, which was shown to be 2-O-beta-glucopyranosylsalicylic acid. Radiolabeling studies with untreated leaves showed that SA was synthesized from phenylalanine and that both cinnamic and benzoic acid were intermediates in the biosynthesis pathway. Using radiolabeled phenylalanine as a precursor, the specific activity of SA was found to be lower when leaves were treated with AA than in control leaves. Similar results were obtained when leaves were fed with the labeled putative intermediates cinnamic acid and benzoic acid. Application of 2-aminoindan-2-phosphonic acid at 40 &mgr;M, an inhibitor of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, prior to treatment with AA inhibited the local accumulation of SA. When the putative intermediates were applied to leaves in the presence of 2-aminoindan-2-phosphonic acid, about 40% of the expected accumulation of free SA was recovered, but the amount of the conjugate remained constant.

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