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J Cell Sci. 2018 Oct 24;131(20). pii: jcs220954. doi: 10.1242/jcs.220954.

ODF2 maintains centrosome cohesion by restricting β-catenin accumulation.

Author information

1
Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach-Institute of Zoology and Anthropology-Developmental Biology, GZMB, Ernst-Caspari-Haus, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 11, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany.
2
Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach-Institute of Zoology and Anthropology-Developmental Biology, GZMB, Ernst-Caspari-Haus, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 11, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany shoyer@gwdg.de.

Abstract

The centrosome, as the main microtubule-organizing center, safeguards chromosome segregation by supporting the bipolar spindle. Centrosome aberrations are causally related to chromosome segregation disorders, both characterizing cancer cells. Thus, a restriction to only having one centrosome per cell and cell cycle-dependent duplication of the centrosome is mandatory. Duplicated centrosomes remain physically connected, in order to function as a single entity, until onset of mitosis when centrosome disjunction is licensed by disassembly of linker proteins and accumulation of β-catenin. The crucial role β-catenin plays in centrosome disjunction inevitably demands for restricting its premature accumulation. ODF2 (also known as cenexin) is an essential centrosomal component, but its relevance for the interphase centrosome has not been elucidated. We show here that ODF2 plays a central role in centrosome cohesion. Depletion of ODF2 induces premature centrosome splitting and formation of tripolar spindles that are likely caused by the observed accumulation of centrosomal β-catenin. Our data collectively indicate that ODF2 restricts β-catenin accumulation at the centrosome, thus preventing premature centrosome disjunction.

KEYWORDS:

Cenexin; Centrosome; Cohesion; ODF2; β-catenin

PMID:
30257984
DOI:
10.1242/jcs.220954
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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