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Gerald Fuson Combs (1920-2018).

Combs GF Jr.

J Nutr. 2019 Sep 13. pii: nxz219. doi: 10.1093/jn/nxz219. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Serum selenium and pancreatic cancer: a prospective study in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Trial cohort.

Chatterjee S, Combs GF Jr, Chattopadhyay A, Stolzenberg-Solomon R.

Cancer Causes Control. 2019 May;30(5):457-464. doi: 10.1007/s10552-019-01147-5. Epub 2019 Mar 26.


Thiamin deficiency in low- and middle-income countries: Disorders, prevalences, previous interventions and current recommendations.

Johnson CR, Fischer PR, Thacher TD, Topazian MD, Bourassa MW, Combs GF Jr.

Nutr Health. 2019 Jun;25(2):127-151. doi: 10.1177/0260106019830847. Epub 2019 Feb 24. Review.


Thiamine deficiency disorders: diagnosis, prevalence, and a roadmap for global control programs.

Whitfield KC, Bourassa MW, Adamolekun B, Bergeron G, Bettendorff L, Brown KH, Cox L, Fattal-Valevski A, Fischer PR, Frank EL, Hiffler L, Hlaing LM, Jefferds ME, Kapner H, Kounnavong S, Mousavi MPS, Roth DE, Tsaloglou MN, Wieringa F, Combs GF Jr.

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2018 Oct;1430(1):3-43. doi: 10.1111/nyas.13919. Epub 2018 Aug 27.


Amyloid precursor protein modulates macrophage phenotype and diet-dependent weight gain.

Puig KL, Brose SA, Zhou X, Sens MA, Combs GF, Jensen MD, Golovko MY, Combs CK.

Sci Rep. 2017 Mar 6;7:43725. doi: 10.1038/srep43725.


Opposing impacts on healthspan and longevity by limiting dietary selenium in telomere dysfunctional mice.

Wu RT, Cao L, Mattson E, Witwer KW, Cao J, Zeng H, He X, Combs GF Jr, Cheng WH.

Aging Cell. 2017 Feb;16(1):125-135. doi: 10.1111/acel.12529. Epub 2016 Sep 21.


Resistant starch analysis of commonly consumed potatoes: Content varies by cooking method and service temperature but not by variety.

Raatz SK, Idso L, Johnson LK, Jackson MI, Combs GF Jr.

Food Chem. 2016 Oct 1;208:297-300. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.03.120. Epub 2016 Apr 1.


Integrating Multiple Analytical Datasets to Compare Metabolite Profiles of Mouse Colonic-Cecal Contents and Feces.

Zeng H, Grapov D, Jackson MI, Fahrmann J, Fiehn O, Combs GF.

Metabolites. 2015 Sep 11;5(3):489-501. doi: 10.3390/metabo5030489.


Plasma Selenium Concentrations Are Sufficient and Associated with Protease Inhibitor Use in Treated HIV-Infected Adults.

Hileman CO, Dirajlal-Fargo S, Lam SK, Kumar J, Lacher C, Combs GF Jr, McComsey GA.

J Nutr. 2015 Oct;145(10):2293-9. doi: 10.3945/jn.115.214577. Epub 2015 Aug 12.


Will selenium increase lentil (Lens culinaris Medik) yield and seed quality?

Thavarajah D, Thavarajah P, Vial E, Gebhardt M, Lacher C, Kumar S, Combs GF.

Front Plant Sci. 2015 May 19;6:356. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00356. eCollection 2015.


Biomarkers of selenium status.

Combs GF Jr.

Nutrients. 2015 Mar 31;7(4):2209-36. doi: 10.3390/nu7042209. Review.


The effects of topical L-selenomethionine on protection against UVB-induced skin cancer when given before, during, and after UVB exposure.

Burke KE, Zhou X, Wang Y, Commisso J, Keen CL, Nakamura RM, Combs GF Jr, Wei H.

J Drugs Dermatol. 2014 Oct;13(10):1214-23.


Transient decrements in mood during energy deficit are independent of dietary protein-to-carbohydrate ratio.

Karl JP, Thompson LA, Niro PJ, Margolis LM, McClung JP, Cao JJ, Whigham LD, Combs GF Jr, Young AJ, Lieberman HR, Pasiakos SM.

Physiol Behav. 2015 Feb;139:524-31. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.11.068. Epub 2014 Dec 3.


Consumption of a high-fat diet abrogates inhibitory effects of methylseleninic acid on spontaneous metastasis of Lewis lung carcinoma in mice.

Yan L, Combs GF Jr.

Carcinogenesis. 2014 Oct;35(10):2308-13. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgu153. Epub 2014 Jul 22.


Plasma and breast-milk selenium in HIV-infected Malawian mothers are positively associated with infant selenium status but are not associated with maternal supplementation: results of the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition study.

Flax VL, Bentley ME, Combs GF Jr, Chasela CS, Kayira D, Tegha G, Kamwendo D, Daza EJ, Fokar A, Kourtis AP, Jamieson DJ, van der Horst CM, Adair LS.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Apr;99(4):950-6. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.073833. Epub 2014 Feb 5.


Calcium homeostasis and bone metabolic responses to high-protein diets during energy deficit in healthy young adults: a randomized controlled trial.

Cao JJ, Pasiakos SM, Margolis LM, Sauter ER, Whigham LD, McClung JP, Young AJ, Combs GF Jr.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Feb;99(2):400-7. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.073809. Epub 2013 Nov 27.


Whole-body protein turnover response to short-term high-protein diets during weight loss: a randomized controlled trial.

Pasiakos SM, Margolis LM, McClung JP, Cao JJ, Whigham LD, Combs GF, Young AJ.

Int J Obes (Lond). 2014 Jul;38(7):1015-8. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2013.197. Epub 2013 Oct 29.


Metabolism of selenite to selenosugar and trimethylselenonium in vivo: tissue dependency and requirement for S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methylation.

Jackson MI, Lunøe K, Gabel-Jensen C, Gammelgaard B, Combs GF Jr.

J Nutr Biochem. 2013 Dec;24(12):2023-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2013.04.007. Epub 2013 Oct 15.


Effects of energy deficit, dietary protein, and feeding on intracellular regulators of skeletal muscle proteolysis.

Carbone JW, Margolis LM, McClung JP, Cao JJ, Murphy NE, Sauter ER, Combs GF Jr, Young AJ, Pasiakos SM.

FASEB J. 2013 Dec;27(12):5104-11. doi: 10.1096/fj.13-239228. Epub 2013 Aug 21.


Effects of high-protein diets on fat-free mass and muscle protein synthesis following weight loss: a randomized controlled trial.

Pasiakos SM, Cao JJ, Margolis LM, Sauter ER, Whigham LD, McClung JP, Rood JC, Carbone JW, Combs GF Jr, Young AJ.

FASEB J. 2013 Sep;27(9):3837-47. doi: 10.1096/fj.13-230227. Epub 2013 Jun 5.


Biomarkers in nutrition: new frontiers in research and application.

Combs GF Jr, Trumbo PR, McKinley MC, Milner J, Studenski S, Kimura T, Watkins SM, Raiten DJ.

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2013 Mar;1278:1-10. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12069.


Fatty liver accompanies an increase in lactobacillus species in the hind gut of C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat diet.

Zeng H, Liu J, Jackson MI, Zhao FQ, Yan L, Combs GF Jr.

J Nutr. 2013 May;143(5):627-31. doi: 10.3945/jn.112.172460. Epub 2013 Mar 13.


Selenium and selenoprotein deficiencies induce widespread pyogranuloma formation in mice, while high levels of dietary selenium decrease liver tumor size driven by TGFα.

Moustafa ME, Carlson BA, Anver MR, Bobe G, Zhong N, Ward JM, Perella CM, Hoffmann VJ, Rogers K, Combs GF Jr, Schweizer U, Merlino G, Gladyshev VN, Hatfield DL.

PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e57389. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057389. Epub 2013 Feb 27.


Selenium in bone health: roles in antioxidant protection and cell proliferation.

Zeng H, Cao JJ, Combs GF Jr.

Nutrients. 2013 Jan 10;5(1):97-110. doi: 10.3390/nu5010097. Review.


Prostatic response to supranutritional selenium supplementation: comparison of the target tissue potency of selenomethionine vs. selenium-yeast on markers of prostatic homeostasis.

Waters DJ, Shen S, Kengeri SS, Chiang EC, Combs GF Jr, Morris JS, Bostwick DG.

Nutrients. 2012 Nov 6;4(11):1650-63. doi: 10.3390/nu4111650.


S-adenosylmethionine-dependent protein methylation is required for expression of selenoprotein P and gluconeogenic enzymes in HepG2 human hepatocytes.

Jackson MI, Cao J, Zeng H, Uthus E, Combs GF Jr.

J Biol Chem. 2012 Oct 19;287(43):36455-64. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.412932. Epub 2012 Aug 29.


Inverse association between glutathione peroxidase activity and both selenium-binding protein 1 levels and Gleason score in human prostate tissue.

Jerome-Morais A, Wright ME, Liu R, Yang W, Jackson MI, Combs GF Jr, Diamond AM.

Prostate. 2012 Jun 15;72(9):1006-12. doi: 10.1002/pros.21506. Epub 2011 Nov 9.


Differential responses to selenomethionine supplementation by sex and genotype in healthy adults.

Combs GF Jr, Jackson MI, Watts JC, Johnson LK, Zeng H, Idso J, Schomburg L, Hoeg A, Hoefig CS, Chiang EC, Waters DJ, Davis CD, Milner JA.

Br J Nutr. 2012 May;107(10):1514-25. doi: 10.1017/S0007114511004715. Epub 2011 Sep 22.


Effects of the physical form of the diet on food intake, growth, and body composition changes in mice.

Yan L, Combs GF Jr, DeMars LC, Johnson LK.

J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2011 Jul;50(4):488-94.


Determinants of selenium status in healthy adults.

Combs GF Jr, Watts JC, Jackson MI, Johnson LK, Zeng H, Scheett AJ, Uthus EO, Schomburg L, Hoeg A, Hoefig CS, Davis CD, Milner JA.

Nutr J. 2011 Jul 18;10:75. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-10-75.


A human model of selenium that integrates metabolism from selenite and selenomethionine.

Wastney ME, Combs GF Jr, Canfield WK, Taylor PR, Patterson KY, Hill AD, Moler JE, Patterson BH.

J Nutr. 2011 Apr 1;141(4):708-17. doi: 10.3945/jn.110.129049. Epub 2011 Feb 2.


Chemical form of selenium affects its uptake, transport, and glutathione peroxidase activity in the human intestinal Caco-2 cell model.

Zeng H, Jackson MI, Cheng WH, Combs GF Jr.

Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011 Nov;143(2):1209-18. doi: 10.1007/s12011-010-8935-3. Epub 2010 Dec 23.


Selenium and vitamin E supplementation for cancer prevention.

Rayman MP, Combs GF Jr, Waters DJ.

JAMA. 2009 May 13;301(18):1876; author reply 1877. doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.625. No abstract available.


Effects of selenomethionine supplementation on selenium status and thyroid hormone concentrations in healthy adults.

Combs GF Jr, Midthune DN, Patterson KY, Canfield WK, Hill AD, Levander OA, Taylor PR, Moler JE, Patterson BH.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Jun;89(6):1808-14. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2008.27356. Epub 2009 Apr 29.


Defining the Optimal Selenium Dose for Prostate Cancer Risk Reduction: Insights from the U-Shaped Relationship between Selenium Status, DNA Damage, and Apoptosis.

Chiang EC, Shen S, Kengeri SS, Xu H, Combs GF, Morris JS, Bostwick DG, Waters DJ.

Dose Response. 2009 Dec 21;8(3):285-300. doi: 10.2203/dose-response.09-036.Chiang.


USDA Human Nutrition Center, 1978-1982, and coordination of human nutrition research agencies.

Combs GF Sr.

J Nutr. 2009 Jan;139(1):185-7. doi: 10.3945/jn.108.094334. Epub 2008 Dec 3.


The selenocysteine tRNA STAF-binding region is essential for adequate selenocysteine tRNA status, selenoprotein expression and early age survival of mice.

Carlson BA, Schweizer U, Perella C, Shrimali RK, Feigenbaum L, Shen L, Speransky S, Floss T, Jeong SJ, Watts J, Hoffmann V, Combs GF, Gladyshev VN, Hatfield DL.

Biochem J. 2009 Feb 15;418(1):61-71. doi: 10.1042/BJ20081304.


Selenium and anticarcinogenesis: underlying mechanisms.

Jackson MI, Combs GF Jr.

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2008 Nov;11(6):718-26. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e3283139674. Review.


The nutritional prevention of cancer: 400 mcg per day selenium treatment.

Reid ME, Duffield-Lillico AJ, Slate E, Natarajan N, Turnbull B, Jacobs E, Combs GF Jr, Alberts DS, Clark LC, Marshall JR.

Nutr Cancer. 2008;60(2):155-63. doi: 10.1080/01635580701684856.


Superior in vivo inhibitory efficacy of methylseleninic acid against human prostate cancer over selenomethionine or selenite.

Li GX, Lee HJ, Wang Z, Hu H, Liao JD, Watts JC, Combs GF Jr, Lü J.

Carcinogenesis. 2008 May;29(5):1005-12. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgn007. Epub 2008 Feb 28.


Methylseleninic acid enhances taxane drug efficacy against human prostate cancer and down-regulates antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-XL and survivin.

Hu H, Li GX, Wang L, Watts J, Combs GF Jr, Lü J.

Clin Cancer Res. 2008 Feb 15;14(4):1150-8. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-4037.


Apparent efficacy of food-based calcium supplementation in preventing rickets in Bangladesh.

Combs GF Jr, Hassan N, Dellagana N, Staab D, Fischer P, Hunt C, Watts J.

Biol Trace Elem Res. 2008 Mar;121(3):193-204. doi: 10.1007/s12011-007-8053-z. Epub 2008 Jan 8.


Noninvasive prediction of prostatic DNA damage by oxidative stress challenge of peripheral blood lymphocytes.

Waters DJ, Shen S, Xu H, Kengeri SS, Cooley DM, Chiang EC, Chen Y, Schlittler D, Oteham C, Combs GF Jr, Glickman LT, Morris JS, Bostwick DG.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007 Sep;16(9):1906-10.


Effects of long-term selenium supplementation on the incidence of type 2 diabetes: a randomized trial.

Stranges S, Marshall JR, Natarajan R, Donahue RP, Trevisan M, Combs GF, Cappuccio FP, Ceriello A, Reid ME.

Ann Intern Med. 2007 Aug 21;147(4):217-23. Epub 2007 Jul 9.


Selenium as an anticancer nutrient: roles in cell proliferation and tumor cell invasion.

Zeng H, Combs GF Jr.

J Nutr Biochem. 2008 Jan;19(1):1-7. Epub 2007 Jun 27. Review.


Efficacy of increasing the therapeutic index of irinotecan, plasma and tissue selenium concentrations is methylselenocysteine dose dependent.

Azrak RG, Cao S, Pendyala L, Durrani FA, Fakih M, Combs GF Jr, Prey J, Smith PF, Rustum YM.

Biochem Pharmacol. 2007 May 1;73(9):1280-7. Epub 2006 Dec 22.


Effects of selenium supplementation on cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality: secondary analyses in a randomized clinical trial.

Stranges S, Marshall JR, Trevisan M, Natarajan R, Donahue RP, Combs GF, Farinaro E, Clark LC, Reid ME.

Am J Epidemiol. 2006 Apr 15;163(8):694-9. Epub 2006 Feb 22.


Mechanistic aspects of the interaction between selenium and arsenic.

Zeng H, Uthus EO, Combs GF Jr.

J Inorg Biochem. 2005 Jun;99(6):1269-74. Review.


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