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Artificial intelligence versus clinicians: systematic review of design, reporting standards, and claims of deep learning studies in medical imaging.

Nagendran M, Chen Y, Lovejoy CA, Gordon AC, Komorowski M, Harvey H, Topol EJ, Ioannidis JPA, Collins GS, Maruthappu M.

BMJ. 2020 Mar 25;368:m689. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m689.


Machine learning and artificial intelligence research for patient benefit: 20 critical questions on transparency, replicability, ethics, and effectiveness.

Vollmer S, Mateen BA, Bohner G, Király FJ, Ghani R, Jonsson P, Cumbers S, Jonas A, McAllister KSL, Myles P, Granger D, Birse M, Branson R, Moons KGM, Collins GS, Ioannidis JPA, Holmes C, Hemingway H.

BMJ. 2020 Mar 20;368:l6927. doi: 10.1136/bmj.l6927. No abstract available.


Health-related quality of life and flourishing in current and former recreational and elite cricketers.

Bullock GS, Collins GS, Peirce N, Arden NK, Filbay SR.

Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2020 Feb 24;18(1):41. doi: 10.1186/s12955-020-01301-7.


Playing sport injured is associated with osteoarthritis, joint pain and worse health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional study.

Bullock GS, Collins GS, Peirce N, Arden NK, Filbay SR.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2020 Feb 19;21(1):111. doi: 10.1186/s12891-020-3136-5.


On the aggregation of published prognostic scores for causal inference in observational studies.

Nguyen TL, Collins GS, Pellegrini F, Moons KGM, Debray TPA.

Stat Med. 2020 Feb 5. doi: 10.1002/sim.8489. [Epub ahead of print]


Development of a risk score for early saphenous vein graft failure: An individual patient data meta-analysis.

Antonopoulos AS, Odutayo A, Oikonomou EK, Trivella M, Petrou M, Collins GS, Antoniades C; SAFINOUS-CABG (Saphenous Vein Graft Failure—An Outcomes Study in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting) group.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Aug 26. pii: S0022-5223(19)31640-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.07.086. [Epub ahead of print]


A systematic review showed more consideration is needed when conducting nonrandomized studies of interventions.

Dhiman P, Lee H, Kirtley S, Collins GS.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2020 Jan;117:99-108. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2019.09.027. Epub 2019 Oct 4.


Inadequate description of placebo and sham controls in a systematic review of recent trials.

Webster RK, Howick J, Hoffmann T, Macdonald H, Collins GS, Rees JL, Napadow V, Madigan C, Price A, Lamb SE, Bishop FL, Bokelmann K, Papanikitas A, Roberts N, Evers AWM.

Eur J Clin Invest. 2019 Nov;49(11):e13169. doi: 10.1111/eci.13169. Epub 2019 Sep 30.


The first day of the Cenozoic.

Gulick SPS, Bralower TJ, Ormö J, Hall B, Grice K, Schaefer B, Lyons S, Freeman KH, Morgan JV, Artemieva N, Kaskes P, de Graaff SJ, Whalen MT, Collins GS, Tikoo SM, Verhagen C, Christeson GL, Claeys P, Coolen MJL, Goderis S, Goto K, Grieve RAF, McCall N, Osinski GR, Rae ASP, Riller U, Smit J, Vajda V, Wittmann A; Expedition 364 Scientists.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Sep 24;116(39):19342-19351. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1909479116. Epub 2019 Sep 9.


The association between type 2 diabetes mellitus, hip fracture, and post-hip fracture mortality: a multi-state cohort analysis.

Tebé C, Martínez-Laguna D, Carbonell-Abella C, Reyes C, Moreno V, Diez-Perez A, Collins GS, Prieto-Alhambra D.

Osteoporos Int. 2019 Dec;30(12):2407-2415. doi: 10.1007/s00198-019-05122-3. Epub 2019 Aug 23.


Statistics versus machine learning: definitions are interesting (but understanding, methodology, and reporting are more important).

Van Calster B, Verbakel JY, Christodoulou E, Steyerberg EW, Collins GS.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2019 Dec;116:137-138. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2019.08.002. Epub 2019 Aug 16. No abstract available.


Predictive analytics in health care: how can we know it works?

Van Calster B, Wynants L, Timmerman D, Steyerberg EW, Collins GS.

J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2019 Dec 1;26(12):1651-1654. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocz130.


Predicting patient-reported and objectively measured functional outcome 6 months after ankle fracture in people aged 60 years or over in the UK: prognostic model development and internal validation.

Keene DJ, Vadher K, Willett K, Mistry D, Costa ML, Collins GS, Lamb SE.

BMJ Open. 2019 Jul 23;9(7):e029813. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029813.


Competing risk survival analysis of time to in-hospital death or discharge in a large urban neonatal unit in Kenya.

Aluvaala J, Collins GS, Maina B, Mutinda C, Wayiego M, Berkley JA, English M.

Wellcome Open Res. 2019 Jun 17;4:96. doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15302.1. eCollection 2019.


Regarding A Nomogram to Predict Osteoradionecrosis in Oral Cancer After Marginal Mandibulectomy and Radiotherapy.

Collins GS, Van Calster B.

Laryngoscope. 2019 Oct;129(10):E343. doi: 10.1002/lary.28089. Epub 2019 May 31. No abstract available.


The National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2).

Smith GB, Redfern OC, Pimentel MA, Gerry S, Collins GS, Malycha J, Prytherch D, Schmidt PE, Watkinson PJ.

Clin Med (Lond). 2019 May;19(3):260. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.19-3-260. No abstract available.


Artificial Intelligence Algorithms for Medical Prediction Should Be Nonproprietary and Readily Available.

Van Calster B, Steyerberg EW, Collins GS.

JAMA Intern Med. 2019 May 1;179(5):731. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0597. No abstract available.


Uniformity in measuring adherence to reporting guidelines: the example of TRIPOD for assessing completeness of reporting of prediction model studies.

Heus P, Damen JAAG, Pajouheshnia R, Scholten RJPM, Reitsma JB, Collins GS, Altman DG, Moons KGM, Hooft L.

BMJ Open. 2019 Apr 24;9(4):e025611. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025611.


Reporting of artificial intelligence prediction models.

Collins GS, Moons KGM.

Lancet. 2019 Apr 20;393(10181):1577-1579. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30037-6. No abstract available.


Reply to: NEWS2 needs to be tested in prospective trials involving patients with confirmed hypercapnia.

Pimentel MAF, Smith GB, Redfern OC, Gerry S, Collins GS, Malycha J, Prytherch D, Schmidt PE, Watkinson PJ.

Resuscitation. 2019 Jun;139:371-372. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.03.046. Epub 2019 Apr 18. No abstract available.


Guide to presenting clinical prediction models for use in clinical settings.

Bonnett LJ, Snell KIE, Collins GS, Riley RD.

BMJ. 2019 Apr 17;365:l737. doi: 10.1136/bmj.l737. No abstract available.


Propensity score methods and regression adjustment for analysis of nonrandomized studies with health-related quality of life outcomes.

Cottone F, Anota A, Bonnetain F, Collins GS, Efficace F.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2019 May;28(5):690-699. doi: 10.1002/pds.4756. Epub 2019 Feb 19.


A systematic review shows no performance benefit of machine learning over logistic regression for clinical prediction models.

Christodoulou E, Ma J, Collins GS, Steyerberg EW, Verbakel JY, Van Calster B.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2019 Jun;110:12-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2019.02.004. Epub 2019 Feb 11. Review.


A guide to systematic review and meta-analysis of prognostic factor studies.

Riley RD, Moons KGM, Snell KIE, Ensor J, Hooft L, Altman DG, Hayden J, Collins GS, Debray TPA.

BMJ. 2019 Jan 30;364:k4597. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k4597. No abstract available.


Modeling strategies to improve parameter estimates in prognostic factors analyses with patient-reported outcomes in oncology.

Cottone F, Deliu N, Collins GS, Anota A, Bonnetain F, Van Steen K, Cella D, Efficace F.

Qual Life Res. 2019 May;28(5):1315-1325. doi: 10.1007/s11136-018-02097-2. Epub 2019 Jan 18.


PROBAST: A Tool to Assess Risk of Bias and Applicability of Prediction Model Studies: Explanation and Elaboration.

Moons KGM, Wolff RF, Riley RD, Whiting PF, Westwood M, Collins GS, Reitsma JB, Kleijnen J, Mallett S.

Ann Intern Med. 2019 Jan 1;170(1):W1-W33. doi: 10.7326/M18-1377.


PROBAST: A Tool to Assess the Risk of Bias and Applicability of Prediction Model Studies.

Wolff RF, Moons KGM, Riley RD, Whiting PF, Westwood M, Collins GS, Reitsma JB, Kleijnen J, Mallett S; PROBAST Group†.

Ann Intern Med. 2019 Jan 1;170(1):51-58. doi: 10.7326/M18-1376.


Prognostic models for identifying risk of poor outcome in people with acute ankle sprains: the SPRAINED development and external validation study.

Keene DJ, Schlüssel MM, Thompson J, Hagan DA, Williams MA, Byrne C, Goodacre S, Cooke M, Gwilym S, Hormbrey P, Bostock J, Haywood K, Wilson D, Collins GS, Lamb SE.

Health Technol Assess. 2018 Nov;22(64):1-112. doi: 10.3310/hta22640.


Author Correction: Rock fluidization during peak-ring formation of large impact structures.

Riller U, Poelchau MH, Rae ASP, Schulte FM, Collins GS, Melosh HJ, Grieve RAF, Morgan JV, Gulick SPS, Lofi J, Diaw A, McCall N, Kring DA; IODP–IC DP Expedition 364 Science Party.

Nature. 2018 Dec;564(7736):E36. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0748-0.


The Reporting Items for Patent Landscapes statement.

Smith JA, Arshad Z, Trippe A, Collins GS, Brindley DA, Carr AJ.

Nat Biotechnol. 2018 Nov 9;36(11):1043-1047. doi: 10.1038/nbt.4291.


Development and prospective external validation of a tool to predict poor recovery at 9 months after acute ankle sprain in UK emergency departments: the SPRAINED prognostic model.

Schlussel MM, Keene DJ, Collins GS, Bostock J, Byrne C, Goodacre S, Gwilym S, Hagan DA, Haywood K, Thompson J, Williams MA, Lamb SE; SPRAINED study team.

BMJ Open. 2018 Nov 5;8(11):e022802. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022802.


The Fragility and Reliability of Conclusions of Anesthesia and Critical Care Randomized Trials With Statistically Significant Findings: A Systematic Review.

Grolleau F, Collins GS, Smarandache A, Pirracchio R, Gakuba C, Boutron I, Busse JW, Devereaux PJ, Le Manach Y.

Crit Care Med. 2019 Mar;47(3):456-462. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003527.


Evaluating methodological quality of Prognostic models Including Patient-reported HeAlth outcomes iN oncologY (EPIPHANY): a systematic review protocol.

Deliu N, Cottone F, Collins GS, Anota A, Efficace F.

BMJ Open. 2018 Oct 24;8(10):e025054. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025054.


Minimum sample size for developing a multivariable prediction model: PART II - binary and time-to-event outcomes.

Riley RD, Snell KI, Ensor J, Burke DL, Harrell FE Jr, Moons KG, Collins GS.

Stat Med. 2019 Mar 30;38(7):1276-1296. doi: 10.1002/sim.7992. Epub 2018 Oct 24. Erratum in: Stat Med. 2019 Dec 30;38(30):5672.


Rock fluidization during peak-ring formation of large impact structures.

Riller U, Poelchau MH, Rae ASP, Schulte FM, Collins GS, Melosh HJ, Grieve RAF, Morgan JV, Gulick SPS, Lofi J, Diaw A, McCall N, Kring DA; IODP–ICDP Expedition 364 Science Party.

Nature. 2018 Oct;562(7728):511-518. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0607-z. Epub 2018 Oct 24. Erratum in: Nature. 2018 Dec;564(7736):E36.


Overinterpretation and misreporting of prognostic factor studies in oncology: a systematic review.

Kempf E, de Beyer JA, Cook J, Holmes J, Mohammed S, Nguyên TL, Simera I, Trivella M, Altman DG, Hopewell S, Moons KGM, Porcher R, Reitsma JB, Sauerbrei W, Collins GS.

Br J Cancer. 2018 Nov;119(10):1288-1296. doi: 10.1038/s41416-018-0305-5. Epub 2018 Oct 24.


Minimum sample size for developing a multivariable prediction model: Part I - Continuous outcomes.

Riley RD, Snell KIE, Ensor J, Burke DL, Harrell FE Jr, Moons KGM, Collins GS.

Stat Med. 2019 Mar 30;38(7):1262-1275. doi: 10.1002/sim.7993. Epub 2018 Oct 22.


A comparison of the ability of the National Early Warning Score and the National Early Warning Score 2 to identify patients at risk of in-hospital mortality: A multi-centre database study.

Pimentel MAF, Redfern OC, Gerry S, Collins GS, Malycha J, Prytherch D, Schmidt PE, Smith GB, Watkinson PJ.

Resuscitation. 2019 Jan;134:147-156. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.09.026. Epub 2018 Oct 1.


Fracture risk in type 2 diabetic patients: A clinical prediction tool based on a large population-based cohort.

Martínez-Laguna D, Tebé C, Nogués X, Kassim Javaid M, Cooper C, Moreno V, Diez-Perez A, Collins GS, Prieto-Alhambra D.

PLoS One. 2018 Sep 7;13(9):e0203533. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203533. eCollection 2018.


Response to "Why all randomized controlled trials produce biased results".

Althouse AD, Abebe KZ, Collins GS, Harrell FE Jr.

Ann Med. 2018 Nov;50(7):545-548. doi: 10.1080/07853890.2018.1514529. Epub 2018 Sep 12. No abstract available.


A framework for meta-analysis of prediction model studies with binary and time-to-event outcomes.

Debray TP, Damen JA, Riley RD, Snell K, Reitsma JB, Hooft L, Collins GS, Moons KG.

Stat Methods Med Res. 2019 Sep;28(9):2768-2786. doi: 10.1177/0962280218785504. Epub 2018 Jul 23.


Poor reporting of multivariable prediction model studies: towards a targeted implementation strategy of the TRIPOD statement.

Heus P, Damen JAAG, Pajouheshnia R, Scholten RJPM, Reitsma JB, Collins GS, Altman DG, Moons KGM, Hooft L.

BMC Med. 2018 Jul 19;16(1):120. doi: 10.1186/s12916-018-1099-2.


Sample size for binary logistic prediction models: Beyond events per variable criteria.

van Smeden M, Moons KG, de Groot JA, Collins GS, Altman DG, Eijkemans MJ, Reitsma JB.

Stat Methods Med Res. 2019 Aug;28(8):2455-2474. doi: 10.1177/0962280218784726. Epub 2018 Jul 3.


Development and validation of response markers to predict survival and pleurodesis success in patients with malignant pleural effusion (PROMISE): a multicohort analysis.

Psallidas I, Kanellakis NI, Gerry S, Thézénas ML, Charles PD, Samsonova A, Schiller HB, Fischer R, Asciak R, Hallifax RJ, Mercer R, Dobson M, Dong T, Pavord ID, Collins GS, Kessler BM, Pass HI, Maskell N, Stathopoulos GT, Rahman NM.

Lancet Oncol. 2018 Jul;19(7):930-939. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30294-8. Epub 2018 Jun 13.


Correlation Between Endoscopic and Histological Activity in Ulcerative Colitis Using Validated Indices.

Irani NR, Wang LM, Collins GS, Keshav S, Travis SPL.

J Crohns Colitis. 2018 Nov 9;12(10):1151-1157. doi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjy081.


Measurement error and timing of predictor values for multivariable risk prediction models are poorly reported.

Whittle R, Peat G, Belcher J, Collins GS, Riley RD.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2018 Oct;102:38-49. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2018.05.008. Epub 2018 May 18. Review.


Statistical Primer: developing and validating a risk prediction model.

Grant SW, Collins GS, Nashef SAM.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2018 Aug 1;54(2):203-208. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezy180. Review.


Differential Mortality and the Excess Rates of Hip Fracture Associated With Type 2 Diabetes: Accounting for Competing Risks in Fracture Prediction Matters.

Tebé C, Martinez-Laguna D, Moreno V, Cooper C, Diez-Perez A, Collins GS, Prieto-Alhambra D.

J Bone Miner Res. 2018 Aug;33(8):1417-1421. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.3435. Epub 2018 May 3.


Appropriateness of Pediatrics Case Reports Citations.

Sisk BA, Collins GS, Dillenbeck C, Malatack JJ.

Pediatrics. 2018 Apr;141(Suppl 5):S526-S529. doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-0277.

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