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Leaf economics and plant hydraulics drive leaf : wood area ratios.

Mencuccini M, Rosas T, Rowland L, Choat B, Cornelissen H, Jansen S, Kramer K, Lapenis A, Manzoni S, Niinemets Ü, Reich P, Schrodt F, Soudzilovskaia N, Wright IH, Martínez-Vilalta J.

New Phytol. 2019 Jun 19. doi: 10.1111/nph.15998. [Epub ahead of print]


Drought tolerance traits do not vary across sites differing in water availability in Banksia serrata (Proteaceae).

Li X, Blackman CJ, Choat B, Rymer PD, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT.

Funct Plant Biol. 2019 Apr 9. doi: 10.1071/FP18238. [Epub ahead of print]


Drought response strategies and hydraulic traits contribute to mechanistic understanding of plant dry-down to hydraulic failure.

Blackman CJ, Creek D, Maier C, Aspinwall MJ, Drake JE, Pfautsch S, O'Grady A, Delzon S, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, Choat B.

Tree Physiol. 2019 Mar 13. pii: tpz016. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpz016. [Epub ahead of print]


Embracing 3D Complexity in Leaf Carbon-Water Exchange.

Earles JM, Buckley TN, Brodersen CR, Busch FA, Cano FJ, Choat B, Evans JR, Farquhar GD, Harwood R, Huynh M, John GP, Miller ML, Rockwell FE, Sack L, Scoffoni C, Struik PC, Wu A, Yin X, Barbour MM.

Trends Plant Sci. 2019 Jan;24(1):15-24. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2018.09.005. Epub 2018 Oct 9. Review.


Is xylem of angiosperm leaves less resistant to embolism than branches? Insights from microCT, hydraulics, and anatomy.

Klepsch M, Zhang Y, Kotowska MM, Lamarque LJ, Nolf M, Schuldt B, Torres-Ruiz JM, Qin DW, Choat B, Delzon S, Scoffoni C, Cao KF, Jansen S.

J Exp Bot. 2018 Nov 26;69(22):5611-5623. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ery321.


Non-invasive imaging shows no evidence of embolism repair after drought in tree species of two genera.

Choat B, Nolf M, Lopez R, Peters JMR, Carins-Murphy MR, Creek D, Brodribb TJ.

Tree Physiol. 2019 Jan 1;39(1):113-121. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpy093.


Coordination between leaf, stem, and root hydraulics and gas exchange in three arid-zone angiosperms during severe drought and recovery.

Creek D, Blackman CJ, Brodribb TJ, Choat B, Tissue DT.

Plant Cell Environ. 2018 Dec;41(12):2869-2881. doi: 10.1111/pce.13418. Epub 2018 Sep 14.


Mitigating the open vessel artefact in centrifuge-based measurement of embolism resistance.

López R, Nolf M, Duursma RA, Badel E, Flavel RJ, Cochard H, Choat B.

Tree Physiol. 2019 Jan 1;39(1):143-155. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpy083.


Maximum-likelihood estimation of xylem vessel length distributions.

Link RM, Schuldt B, Choat B, Jansen S, Cobb AR.

J Theor Biol. 2018 Oct 14;455:329-341. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2018.07.036. Epub 2018 Jul 29.


Triggers of tree mortality under drought.

Choat B, Brodribb TJ, Brodersen CR, Duursma RA, López R, Medlyn BE.

Nature. 2018 Jun;558(7711):531-539. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0240-x. Epub 2018 Jun 27.


Xylem embolism measured retrospectively is linked to canopy dieback in natural populations of Eucalyptus piperita following drought.

Li X, Blackman CJ, Rymer PD, Quintans D, Duursma RA, Choat B, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT.

Tree Physiol. 2018 Aug 1;38(8):1193-1199. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpy052.


Woody plants optimise stomatal behaviour relative to hydraulic risk.

Anderegg WRL, Wolf A, Arango-Velez A, Choat B, Chmura DJ, Jansen S, Kolb T, Li S, Meinzer FC, Pita P, Resco de Dios V, Sperry JS, Wolfe BT, Pacala S.

Ecol Lett. 2018 Jul;21(7):968-977. doi: 10.1111/ele.12962. Epub 2018 Apr 23.


CO2 availability influences hydraulic function of C3 and C4 grass leaves.

Taylor SH, Aspinwall MJ, Blackman CJ, Choat B, Tissue DT, Ghannoum O.

J Exp Bot. 2018 Apr 27;69(10):2731-2741. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ery095.


Trees tolerate an extreme heatwave via sustained transpirational cooling and increased leaf thermal tolerance.

Drake JE, Tjoelker MG, Vårhammar A, Medlyn BE, Reich PB, Leigh A, Pfautsch S, Blackman CJ, López R, Aspinwall MJ, Crous KY, Duursma RA, Kumarathunge D, De Kauwe MG, Jiang M, Nicotra AB, Tissue DT, Choat B, Atkin OK, Barton CVM.

Glob Chang Biol. 2018 Jun;24(6):2390-2402. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14037. Epub 2018 Feb 2.


Tree hydraulic traits are coordinated and strongly linked to climate-of-origin across a rainfall gradient.

Li X, Blackman CJ, Choat B, Duursma RA, Rymer PD, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT.

Plant Cell Environ. 2018 Mar;41(3):646-660. doi: 10.1111/pce.13129. Epub 2018 Jan 29.


Plant water potential improves prediction of empirical stomatal models.

Anderegg WRL, Wolf A, Arango-Velez A, Choat B, Chmura DJ, Jansen S, Kolb T, Li S, Meinzer F, Pita P, Resco de Dios V, Sperry JS, Wolfe BT, Pacala S.

PLoS One. 2017 Oct 12;12(10):e0185481. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185481. eCollection 2017.


Xylem resistance to embolism: presenting a simple diagnostic test for the open vessel artefact.

Torres-Ruiz JM, Cochard H, Choat B, Jansen S, López R, Tomášková I, Padilla-Díaz CM, Badel E, Burlett R, King A, Lenoir N, Martin-StPaul NK, Delzon S.

New Phytol. 2017 Jul;215(1):489-499. doi: 10.1111/nph.14589. Epub 2017 May 3.


Species climate range influences hydraulic and stomatal traits in Eucalyptus species.

Bourne AE, Creek D, Peters JMR, Ellsworth DS, Choat B.

Ann Bot. 2017 Jul 1;120(1):123-133. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcx020.


Visualization of xylem embolism by X-ray microtomography: a direct test against hydraulic measurements.

Nolf M, Lopez R, Peters JM, Flavel RJ, Koloadin LS, Young IM, Choat B.

New Phytol. 2017 Apr;214(2):890-898. doi: 10.1111/nph.14462. Epub 2017 Feb 14.


Casting light on xylem vulnerability in an herbaceous species reveals a lack of segmentation.

Skelton RP, Brodribb TJ, Choat B.

New Phytol. 2017 Apr;214(2):561-569. doi: 10.1111/nph.14450. Epub 2017 Jan 26.


An empirical method that separates irreversible stem radial growth from bark water content changes in trees: theory and case studies.

Mencuccini M, Salmon Y, Mitchell P, Hölttä T, Choat B, Meir P, O'Grady A, Tissue D, Zweifel R, Sevanto S, Pfautsch S.

Plant Cell Environ. 2017 Feb;40(2):290-303. doi: 10.1111/pce.12863. Epub 2017 Jan 6.


The correlations and sequence of plant stomatal, hydraulic, and wilting responses to drought.

Bartlett MK, Klein T, Jansen S, Choat B, Sack L.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Nov 15;113(46):13098-13103. Epub 2016 Nov 2.


Evidence for Hydraulic Vulnerability Segmentation and Lack of Xylem Refilling under Tension.

Charrier G, Torres-Ruiz JM, Badel E, Burlett R, Choat B, Cochard H, Delmas CE, Domec JC, Jansen S, King A, Lenoir N, Martin-StPaul N, Gambetta GA, Delzon S.

Plant Physiol. 2016 Nov;172(3):1657-1668. Epub 2016 Sep 9.


Plasticity in Vulnerability to Cavitation of Pinus canariensis Occurs Only at the Driest End of an Aridity Gradient.

López R, Cano FJ, Choat B, Cochard H, Gil L.

Front Plant Sci. 2016 Jun 3;7:769. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.00769. eCollection 2016.


On research priorities to advance understanding of the safety-efficiency tradeoff in xylem: A response to Bittencourt et al.'s (2016) comment 'On xylem hydraulic efficiencies, wood space-use and the safety-efficiency tradeoff': in this issue of New Phytologist, pp. 1152-1155.

Gleason SM, Westoby M, Jansen S, Choat B, Brodribb TJ, Cochard H, Delzon S, Hacke UG, Jacobsen AL, Johnson DM, Lens F, Maherali H, Martínez-Vilalta J, Mayr S, McCulloh KA, Morris H, Nardini A, Plavcová L, Pratt RB, Schreiber SG, Zanne AE.

New Phytol. 2016 Sep;211(4):1156-8. doi: 10.1111/nph.14043. Epub 2016 Jun 27. No abstract available.


Toward an index of desiccation time to tree mortality under drought.

Blackman CJ, Pfautsch S, Choat B, Delzon S, Gleason SM, Duursma RA.

Plant Cell Environ. 2016 Oct;39(10):2342-5. doi: 10.1111/pce.12758. Epub 2016 Jun 16.


Meta-analysis reveals that hydraulic traits explain cross-species patterns of drought-induced tree mortality across the globe.

Anderegg WR, Klein T, Bartlett M, Sack L, Pellegrini AF, Choat B, Jansen S.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 May 3;113(18):5024-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1525678113. Epub 2016 Apr 18.


Leaf gas exchange performance and the lethal water potential of five European species during drought.

Li S, Feifel M, Karimi Z, Schuldt B, Choat B, Jansen S.

Tree Physiol. 2016 Feb;36(2):179-92. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpv117. Epub 2015 Nov 27.


Are needles of Pinus pinaster more vulnerable to xylem embolism than branches? New insights from X-ray computed tomography.

Bouche PS, Delzon S, Choat B, Badel E, Brodribb TJ, Burlett R, Cochard H, Charra-Vaskou K, Lavigne B, Li S, Mayr S, Morris H, Torres-Ruiz JM, Zufferey V, Jansen S.

Plant Cell Environ. 2016 Apr;39(4):860-70. doi: 10.1111/pce.12680. Epub 2015 Dec 21.


Noninvasive Measurement of Vulnerability to Drought-Induced Embolism by X-Ray Microtomography.

Choat B, Badel E, Burlett R, Delzon S, Cochard H, Jansen S.

Plant Physiol. 2016 Jan;170(1):273-82. doi: 10.1104/pp.15.00732. Epub 2015 Nov 2.


Weak tradeoff between xylem safety and xylem-specific hydraulic efficiency across the world's woody plant species.

Gleason SM, Westoby M, Jansen S, Choat B, Hacke UG, Pratt RB, Bhaskar R, Brodribb TJ, Bucci SJ, Cao KF, Cochard H, Delzon S, Domec JC, Fan ZX, Feild TS, Jacobsen AL, Johnson DM, Lens F, Maherali H, Martínez-Vilalta J, Mayr S, McCulloh KA, Mencuccini M, Mitchell PJ, Morris H, Nardini A, Pittermann J, Plavcová L, Schreiber SG, Sperry JS, Wright IJ, Zanne AE.

New Phytol. 2016 Jan;209(1):123-36. doi: 10.1111/nph.13646. Epub 2015 Sep 17.


Drought responses of two gymnosperm species with contrasting stomatal regulation strategies under elevated [CO2] and temperature.

Duan H, O'Grady AP, Duursma RA, Choat B, Huang G, Smith RA, Jiang Y, Tissue DT.

Tree Physiol. 2015 Jul;35(7):756-70. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpv047. Epub 2015 Jun 9.


Stem and leaf hydraulic properties are finely coordinated in three tropical rain forest tree species.

Nolf M, Creek D, Duursma R, Holtum J, Mayr S, Choat B.

Plant Cell Environ. 2015 Dec;38(12):2652-61. doi: 10.1111/pce.12581. Epub 2015 Jul 14.


Increasing leaf hydraulic conductance with transpiration rate minimizes the water potential drawdown from stem to leaf.

Simonin KA, Burns E, Choat B, Barbour MM, Dawson TE, Franks PJ.

J Exp Bot. 2015 Mar;66(5):1303-15. doi: 10.1093/jxb/eru481. Epub 2014 Dec 29.


Synchrotron X-ray microtomography of xylem embolism in Sequoia sempervirens saplings during cycles of drought and recovery.

Choat B, Brodersen CR, McElrone AJ.

New Phytol. 2015 Feb;205(3):1095-105. doi: 10.1111/nph.13110. Epub 2014 Nov 10.


Direct x-ray microtomography observation confirms the induction of embolism upon xylem cutting under tension.

Torres-Ruiz JM, Jansen S, Choat B, McElrone AJ, Cochard H, Brodribb TJ, Badel E, Burlett R, Bouche PS, Brodersen CR, Li S, Morris H, Delzon S.

Plant Physiol. 2015 Jan;167(1):40-3. doi: 10.1104/pp.114.249706. Epub 2014 Nov 6. No abstract available.


Cavitation Resistance in Seedless Vascular Plants: The Structure and Function of Interconduit Pit Membranes.

Brodersen C, Jansen S, Choat B, Rico C, Pittermann J.

Plant Physiol. 2014 Jun;165(2):895-904. Epub 2014 Apr 28.


Elevated [CO2] does not ameliorate the negative effects of elevated temperature on drought-induced mortality in Eucalyptus radiata seedlings.

Duan H, Duursma RA, Huang G, Smith RA, Choat B, O'Grady AP, Tissue DT.

Plant Cell Environ. 2014 Jul;37(7):1598-613. doi: 10.1111/pce.12260. Epub 2014 Feb 13.


Carbon dynamics of eucalypt seedlings exposed to progressive drought in elevated [CO2] and elevated temperature.

Duan H, Amthor JS, Duursma RA, O'Grady AP, Choat B, Tissue DT.

Tree Physiol. 2013 Aug;33(8):779-92. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpt061. Epub 2013 Aug 20.


Rapid hydraulic recovery in Eucalyptus pauciflora after drought: linkages between stem hydraulics and leaf gas exchange.

Martorell S, Diaz-Espejo A, Medrano H, Ball MC, Choat B.

Plant Cell Environ. 2014 Mar;37(3):617-26. doi: 10.1111/pce.12182. Epub 2013 Sep 9.


Methods for measuring plant vulnerability to cavitation: a critical review.

Cochard H, Badel E, Herbette S, Delzon S, Choat B, Jansen S.

J Exp Bot. 2013 Nov;64(15):4779-91. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ert193. Epub 2013 Jul 25. Review.


Predicting thresholds of drought-induced mortality in woody plant species.

Choat B.

Tree Physiol. 2013 Jul;33(7):669-71. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpt046. Epub 2013 Jul 21. No abstract available.


Using high resolution computed tomography to visualize the three dimensional structure and function of plant vasculature.

McElrone AJ, Choat B, Parkinson DY, MacDowell AA, Brodersen CR.

J Vis Exp. 2013 Apr 5;(74). doi: 10.3791/50162.


In vivo visualizations of drought-induced embolism spread in Vitis vinifera.

Brodersen CR, McElrone AJ, Choat B, Lee EF, Shackel KA, Matthews MA.

Plant Physiol. 2013 Apr;161(4):1820-9. doi: 10.1104/pp.112.212712. Epub 2013 Mar 5.


Xylem vessel relays contribute to radial connectivity in grapevine stems (Vitis vinifera and V. arizonica; Vitaceae).

Brodersen CR, Choat B, Chatelet DS, Shackel KA, Matthews MA, McElrone AJ.

Am J Bot. 2013 Feb;100(2):314-21. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1100606. Epub 2013 Jan 23.


Global convergence in the vulnerability of forests to drought.

Choat B, Jansen S, Brodribb TJ, Cochard H, Delzon S, Bhaskar R, Bucci SJ, Feild TS, Gleason SM, Hacke UG, Jacobsen AL, Lens F, Maherali H, Martínez-Vilalta J, Mayr S, Mencuccini M, Mitchell PJ, Nardini A, Pittermann J, Pratt RB, Sperry JS, Westoby M, Wright IJ, Zanne AE.

Nature. 2012 Nov 29;491(7426):752-5. doi: 10.1038/nature11688. Epub 2012 Nov 21.


Centrifuge technique consistently overestimates vulnerability to water stress-induced cavitation in grapevines as confirmed with high-resolution computed tomography.

McElrone AJ, Brodersen CR, Alsina MM, Drayton WM, Matthews MA, Shackel KA, Wada H, Zufferey V, Choat B.

New Phytol. 2012 Nov;196(3):661-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04244.x. Epub 2012 Jul 16. No abstract available.


Xylem traits mediate a trade-off between resistance to freeze-thaw-induced embolism and photosynthetic capacity in overwintering evergreens.

Choat B, Medek DE, Stuart SA, Pasquet-Kok J, Egerton JJ, Salari H, Sack L, Ball MC.

New Phytol. 2011 Sep;191(4):996-1005. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03772.x. Epub 2011 May 31.


Automated analysis of three-dimensional xylem networks using high-resolution computed tomography.

Brodersen CR, Lee EF, Choat B, Jansen S, Phillips RJ, Shackel KA, McElrone AJ, Matthews MA.

New Phytol. 2011 Sep;191(4):1168-79. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03754.x. Epub 2011 May 13.

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