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Structure and chemistry of lysinoalanine crosslinking in the spirochaete flagella hook.

Lynch MJ, Miller M, James M, Zhang S, Zhang K, Li C, Charon NW, Crane BR.

Nat Chem Biol. 2019 Oct;15(10):959-965. doi: 10.1038/s41589-019-0341-3. Epub 2019 Aug 12.


Periplasmic flagella in Borrelia burgdoferi function to maintain cellular integrity upon external stress.

Kumar B, Miller K, Charon NW, Legleiter J.

PLoS One. 2017 Sep 12;12(9):e0184648. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184648. eCollection 2017.


Spirochaete flagella hook proteins self-catalyse a lysinoalanine covalent crosslink for motility.

Miller MR, Miller KA, Bian J, James ME, Zhang S, Lynch MJ, Callery PS, Hettick JM, Cockburn A, Liu J, Li C, Crane BR, Charon NW.

Nat Microbiol. 2016 Aug 8;1(10):16134. doi: 10.1038/nmicrobiol.2016.134.


A novel flagellar sheath protein, FcpA, determines filament coiling, translational motility and virulence for the Leptospira spirochete.

Wunder EA Jr, Figueira CP, Benaroudj N, Hu B, Tong BA, Trajtenberg F, Liu J, Reis MG, Charon NW, Buschiazzo A, Picardeau M, Ko AI.

Mol Microbiol. 2016 Aug;101(3):457-70. doi: 10.1111/mmi.13403. Epub 2016 May 24.


Hypothetical Protein BB0569 Is Essential for Chemotaxis of the Lyme Disease Spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi.

Zhang K, Liu J, Charon NW, Li C.

J Bacteriol. 2015 Dec 7;198(4):664-72. doi: 10.1128/JB.00877-15.


Initial characterization of the FlgE hook high molecular weight complex of Borrelia burgdorferi.

Miller KA, Motaleb MA, Liu J, Hu B, Caimano MJ, Miller MR, Charon NW.

PLoS One. 2014 May 23;9(5):e98338. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098338. eCollection 2014.


Cryoelectron tomography reveals the sequential assembly of bacterial flagella in Borrelia burgdorferi.

Zhao X, Zhang K, Boquoi T, Hu B, Motaleb MA, Miller KA, James ME, Charon NW, Manson MD, Norris SJ, Li C, Liu J.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Aug 27;110(35):14390-5. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1308306110. Epub 2013 Aug 12.


Motility is crucial for the infectious life cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi.

Sultan SZ, Manne A, Stewart PE, Bestor A, Rosa PA, Charon NW, Motaleb MA.

Infect Immun. 2013 Jun;81(6):2012-21. doi: 10.1128/IAI.01228-12. Epub 2013 Mar 25.


Chemotactic behavior of pathogenic and nonpathogenic Leptospira species.

Lambert A, Takahashi N, Charon NW, Picardeau M.

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 Dec;78(23):8467-9. doi: 10.1128/AEM.02288-12. Epub 2012 Sep 21.


The unique paradigm of spirochete motility and chemotaxis.

Charon NW, Cockburn A, Li C, Liu J, Miller KA, Miller MR, Motaleb MA, Wolgemuth CW.

Annu Rev Microbiol. 2012;66:349-70. doi: 10.1146/annurev-micro-092611-150145. Review.


Two CheW coupling proteins are essential in a chemosensory pathway of Borrelia burgdorferi.

Zhang K, Liu J, Tu Y, Xu H, Charon NW, Li C.

Mol Microbiol. 2012 Aug;85(4):782-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2012.08139.x. Epub 2012 Jul 11.


Carbon storage regulator A (CsrA(Bb)) is a repressor of Borrelia burgdorferi flagellin protein FlaB.

Sze CW, Morado DR, Liu J, Charon NW, Xu H, Li C.

Mol Microbiol. 2011 Nov;82(4):851-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07853.x. Epub 2011 Oct 18.


CheY3 of Borrelia burgdorferi is the key response regulator essential for chemotaxis and forms a long-lived phosphorylated intermediate.

Motaleb MA, Sultan SZ, Miller MR, Li C, Charon NW.

J Bacteriol. 2011 Jul;193(13):3332-41. doi: 10.1128/JB.00362-11. Epub 2011 Apr 29.


Chemoreceptors and flagellar motors are subterminally located in close proximity at the two cell poles in spirochetes.

Xu H, Raddi G, Liu J, Charon NW, Li C.

J Bacteriol. 2011 May;193(10):2652-6. doi: 10.1128/JB.01530-10. Epub 2011 Mar 25.


Differential regulation of the multiple flagellins in spirochetes.

Li C, Sal M, Marko M, Charon NW.

J Bacteriol. 2010 May;192(10):2596-603. doi: 10.1128/JB.01502-09. Epub 2010 Mar 19.


Identical phosphatase mechanisms achieved through distinct modes of binding phosphoprotein substrate.

Pazy Y, Motaleb MA, Guarnieri MT, Charon NW, Zhao R, Silversmith RE.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Feb 2;107(5):1924-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0911185107. Epub 2010 Jan 14.


The elastic basis for the shape of Borrelia burgdorferi.

Dombrowski C, Kan W, Motaleb MA, Charon NW, Goldstein RE, Wolgemuth CW.

Biophys J. 2009 Jun 3;96(11):4409-17. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2009.02.066.


Spent culture medium from virulent Borrelia burgdorferi increases permeability of individually perfused microvessels of rat mesentery.

Zhou X, Miller MR, Motaleb M, Charon NW, He P.

PLoS One. 2008;3(12):e4101. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004101. Epub 2008 Dec 31.


The flat-ribbon configuration of the periplasmic flagella of Borrelia burgdorferi and its relationship to motility and morphology.

Charon NW, Goldstein SF, Marko M, Hsieh C, Gebhardt LL, Motaleb MA, Wolgemuth CW, Limberger RJ, Rowe N.

J Bacteriol. 2009 Jan;191(2):600-7. doi: 10.1128/JB.01288-08. Epub 2008 Nov 14.


Genetic analysis of spirochete flagellin proteins and their involvement in motility, filament assembly, and flagellar morphology.

Li C, Wolgemuth CW, Marko M, Morgan DG, Charon NW.

J Bacteriol. 2008 Aug;190(16):5607-15. doi: 10.1128/JB.00319-08. Epub 2008 Jun 13.


Effect of glucose on Treponema denticola cell behavior.

Ruby JD, Lux R, Shi W, Charon NW, Dasanayake A.

Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2008 Jun;23(3):234-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-302X.2007.00417.x.


Electron cryotomography reveals novel structures of a recently cultured termite gut spirochete.

Wolgemuth C, Goldstein SF, Charon NW.

Mol Microbiol. 2008 Mar;67(6):1181-3. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2008.06111.x. Epub 2008 Jan 22.


Borrelia burgdorferi uniquely regulates its motility genes and has an intricate flagellar hook-basal body structure.

Sal MS, Li C, Motalab MA, Shibata S, Aizawa S, Charon NW.

J Bacteriol. 2008 Mar;190(6):1912-21. doi: 10.1128/JB.01421-07. Epub 2008 Jan 11.


Phosphorylation assays of chemotaxis two-component system proteins in Borrelia burgdorferi.

Motaleb MA, Miller MR, Li C, Charon NW.

Methods Enzymol. 2007;422:438-47.


The flagellar cytoskeleton of the spirochetes.

Wolgemuth CW, Charon NW, Goldstein SF, Goldstein RE.

J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006;11(3-5):221-7. Review.


Genetic variation in Brachyspira: chromosomal rearrangements and sequence drift distinguish B. pilosicoli from B. hyodysenteriae.

Zuerner RL, Stanton TB, Minion FC, Li C, Charon NW, Trott DJ, Hampson DJ.

Anaerobe. 2004 Aug;10(4):229-37.


CheX is a phosphorylated CheY phosphatase essential for Borrelia burgdorferi chemotaxis.

Motaleb MA, Miller MR, Li C, Bakker RG, Goldstein SF, Silversmith RE, Bourret RB, Charon NW.

J Bacteriol. 2005 Dec;187(23):7963-9.


The kinky propulsion of Spiroplasma.

Wolgemuth CW, Charon NW.

Cell. 2005 Sep 23;122(6):827-8. Review.


Mycoplasma takes a walk.

Charon NW.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Sep 27;102(39):13713-4. Epub 2005 Sep 19. Review. No abstract available.


Genetics of motility and chemotaxis of a fascinating group of bacteria: the spirochetes.

Charon NW, Goldstein SF.

Annu Rev Genet. 2002;36:47-73. Epub 2002 Jun 11. Review.


Asymmetrical flagellar rotation in Borrelia burgdorferi nonchemotactic mutants.

Li C, Bakker RG, Motaleb MA, Sartakova ML, Cabello FC, Charon NW.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Apr 30;99(9):6169-74.


Complementation of a nonmotile flaB mutant of Borrelia burgdorferi by chromosomal integration of a plasmid containing a wild-type flaB allele.

Sartakova ML, Dobrikova EY, Motaleb MA, Godfrey HP, Charon NW, Cabello FC.

J Bacteriol. 2001 Nov;183(22):6558-64.


First evidence for a restriction-modification system in Leptospira sp.

Brenot A, Werts C, Ottone C, Sertour N, Charon NW, Postic D, Baranton G, Saint Girons I.

FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2001 Jul 24;201(2):139-43.


Spirochete periplasmic flagella and motility.

Li C, Motaleb A, Sal M, Goldstein SF, Charon NW.

J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2000 Oct;2(4):345-54. Review.


The spirochete FlaA periplasmic flagellar sheath protein impacts flagellar helicity.

Li C, Corum L, Morgan D, Rosey EL, Stanton TB, Charon NW.

J Bacteriol. 2000 Dec;182(23):6698-706.


Borrelia burgdorferi periplasmic flagella have both skeletal and motility functions.

Motaleb MA, Corum L, Bono JL, Elias AF, Rosa P, Samuels DS, Charon NW.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Sep 26;97(20):10899-904.


Effect of temperature and viscosity on the motility of the spirochete Treponema denticola.

Ruby JD, Charon NW.

FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1998 Dec 15;169(2):251-4.


Structure and expression of the FlaA periplasmic flagellar protein of Borrelia burgdorferi.

Ge Y, Li C, Corum L, Slaughter CA, Charon NW.

J Bacteriol. 1998 May;180(9):2418-25.


The flgK motility operon of Borrelia burgdorferi is initiated by a sigma 70-like promoter.

Ge Y, Old IG, Girons IS, Charon NW.

Microbiology. 1997 May;143 ( Pt 5):1681-90.


Relationship of Treponema denticola periplasmic flagella to irregular cell morphology.

Ruby JD, Li H, Kuramitsu H, Norris SJ, Goldstein SF, Buttle KF, Charon NW.

J Bacteriol. 1997 Mar;179(5):1628-35.


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