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Meaningful Patient-centered Outcomes 1 Year Following Cardiac Surgery.

Charles EJ, Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Burks SG, McMurry TL, Yarboro LT, Kern JA, Ailawadi G, Kron IL, Stukenborg GJ, Kozower BD.

Ann Surg. 2019 Aug 16. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003357. [Epub ahead of print]


The Impact of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair on Long Term Renal Function Based on Hard Renal Outcomes.

Charles ER, Lui D, Delf J, Sayers RD, Bown MJ, Sidloff D, Saratzis A.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2019 Jul 18. pii: S1078-5884(19)30204-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2019.03.024. [Epub ahead of print]


Impact of Complications After Cardiac Surgery on One-Year Patient Reported Outcomes.

Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Charles EJ, Kron IL, Ailawadi G, Kern JA, Roeser ME, Kozower B, Teman NR.

Ann Thorac Surg. 2019 Jul 16. pii: S0003-4975(19)31032-X. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.05.067. [Epub ahead of print]


Incremental Risk of Annular Enlargement: A Multi-Institutional Cohort Study.

Hawkins RB, Beller JP, Mehaffey JH, Charles EJ, Quader MA, Rich JB, Kiser AC, Joseph M, Speir AM, Kern JA, Ailawadi G; Investigators for the Virginia Cardiac Services Quality Initiative.

Ann Thorac Surg. 2019 Jun 26. pii: S0003-4975(19)30884-7. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.04.118. [Epub ahead of print]


Development and Validation of Procedure-Specific Risk Score for Predicting Postoperative Pulmonary Complication: A NSQIP Analysis.

Foster CA, Charles EJ, Turrentine FE, Sohn MW, Kron IL, Jones RS.

J Am Coll Surg. 2019 Jun 18. pii: S1072-7515(19)30381-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2019.05.028. [Epub ahead of print]


Socioeconomic Distressed Communities Index associated with worse limb-related outcomes after infrainguinal bypass.

Hawkins RB, Charles EJ, Mehaffey JH, Williams CA, Robinson WP, Upchurch GR, Kern JA, Tracci MC; Virginias Vascular Group.

J Vasc Surg. 2019 Jun 13. pii: S0741-5214(19)30062-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.123. [Epub ahead of print]


Socioeconomically Distressed Communities Associated With Long-term Mortality After Bariatric Surgery.

Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Charles EJ, Sahli ZT, Schirmer BD, Hallowell PT.

J Surg Res. 2019 May 27;243:8-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2019.04.081. [Epub ahead of print]


Adenosine 2A Receptor Activation Attenuates Ischemia Reperfusion Injury During Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

Mehaffey JH, Money D, Charles EJ, Schubert S, Piñeros AF, Wu D, Bontha SV, Hawkins R, Teman NR, Laubach VE, Mas VR, Tribble CG, Maluf DG, Sharma AK, Yang Z, Kron IL, Roeser ME.

Ann Surg. 2019 Jun;269(6):1176-1183. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002685.


Determining Which Prosthetic to Use During Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients Aged Younger than 70 Years: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Borger P, Charles EJ, Smith ED, Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Kron IL, Ailawadi G, Teman N.

Heart Surg Forum. 2019 Feb 28;22(2):E070-E081. doi: 10.1532/hsf.2131.


Cost-Effectiveness of Negative Pressure Incision Management System in Cardiac Surgery.

Hawkins RB, Mehaffey JH, Charles EJ, Krebs ED, Smith JG, Kern JA, Wanchek T, Teman NR.

J Surg Res. 2019 Aug;240:227-235. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2019.02.046. Epub 2019 Apr 15.


Elbasvir/Grazoprevir in People With Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Infection and Child-Pugh Class B Cirrhosis: The C-SALT Study.

Jacobson IM, Poordad F, Firpi-Morell R, Everson GT, Verna EC, Bhanja S, Hwang P, Caro L, Robertson M, Charles ED, Platt H.

Clin Transl Gastroenterol. 2019 Apr;10(4):e00007. doi: 10.14309/ctg.0000000000000007.


Can Lung Transplant Surgeons Still Be Scientists? High Productivity Despite Competitive Funding.

Narahari AK, Charles EJ, Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Sharma AK, Laubach VE, Tribble CG, Kron IL.

Heart Surg Forum. 2019 Jan 8;22(1):E001-E007. doi: 10.1532/hsf.2024. Review.


Socioeconomic "Distressed Communities Index" Improves Surgical Risk-adjustment.

Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Charles EJ, Turrentine FE, Hallowell PT, Friel C, Jones RS, Tracci MC.

Ann Surg. 2019 Feb 1. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002997. [Epub ahead of print]


Socioeconomic Distressed Communities Index Predicts Risk-Adjusted Mortality After Cardiac Surgery.

Charles EJ, Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Fonner CE, Yarboro LT, Quader MA, Kiser AC, Rich JB, Speir AM, Kron IL, Tracci MC, Ailawadi G; Investigators for the Virginia Cardiac Services Quality Initiative.

Ann Thorac Surg. 2019 Jun;107(6):1706-1712. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2018.12.022. Epub 2019 Jan 22.


Post-treatment de-phosphorylation of p53 correlates with dasatinib responsiveness in malignant melanoma.

Skoko J, Rožanc J, Charles EM, Alexopoulos LG, Rehm M.

BMC Cell Biol. 2018 Dec 27;19(1):28. doi: 10.1186/s12860-018-0180-1.


Ex Vivo Assessment of Porcine Donation After Circulatory Death Lungs That Undergo Increasing Warm Ischemia Times.

Charles EJ, Hunter Mehaffey J, Huerter ME, Sharma AK, Stoler MH, Roeser ME, Walters DM, Tribble CG, Kron IL, Laubach VE.

Transplant Direct. 2018 Nov 12;4(12):e405. doi: 10.1097/TXD.0000000000000845. eCollection 2018 Dec.


Pegbelfermin (BMS-986036), a PEGylated fibroblast growth factor 21 analogue, in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2a trial.

Sanyal A, Charles ED, Neuschwander-Tetri BA, Loomba R, Harrison SA, Abdelmalek MF, Lawitz EJ, Halegoua-DeMarzio D, Kundu S, Noviello S, Luo Y, Christian R.

Lancet. 2019 Dec 22;392(10165):2705-2717. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31785-9. Epub 2018 Dec 13.


Pegbelfermin (BMS-986036), PEGylated FGF21, in Patients with Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes: Results from a Randomized Phase 2 Study.

Charles ED, Neuschwander-Tetri BA, Pablo Frias J, Kundu S, Luo Y, Tirucherai GS, Christian R.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2019 Jan;27(1):41-49. doi: 10.1002/oby.22344. Epub 2018 Dec 6.


The myocardial infarct-exacerbating effect of cell-free DNA is mediated by the high-mobility group box 1-receptor for advanced glycation end products-Toll-like receptor 9 pathway.

Tian Y, Charles EJ, Yan Z, Wu D, French BA, Kron IL, Yang Z.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Jun;157(6):2256-2269.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.09.043. Epub 2018 Oct 5.


Work of breathing during HHHFNC and synchronised NIPPV following extubation.

Charles E, Hunt KA, Rafferty GF, Peacock JL, Greenough A.

Eur J Pediatr. 2019 Jan;178(1):105-110. doi: 10.1007/s00431-018-3254-3. Epub 2018 Oct 30.


UK neonatal resuscitation survey.

Charles E, Hunt K, Murthy V, Harris C, Greenough A.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2019 May;104(3):F324-F325. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2018-315526. Epub 2018 Oct 24.


Small for gestational age and extremely low birth weight infant outcomes.

Charles E, Hunt KA, Harris C, Hickey A, Greenough A.

J Perinat Med. 2019 Feb 25;47(2):247-251. doi: 10.1515/jpm-2018-0295.


Stimulation of the Beta2 Adrenergic Receptor at Reperfusion Limits Myocardial Reperfusion Injury via an Interleukin-10-Dependent Anti-Inflammatory Pathway in the Spleen.

Tian Y, Miao B, Charles EJ, Wu D, Kron IL, French BA, Yang Z.

Circ J. 2018 Oct 25;82(11):2829-2836. doi: 10.1253/circj.CJ-18-0061. Epub 2018 Aug 28.


An Evaluation of the Collagen Fragments Related to Fibrogenesis and Fibrolysis in Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis.

Luo Y, Oseini A, Gagnon R, Charles ED, Sidik K, Vincent R, Collen R, Idowu M, Contos MJ, Mirshahi F, Daita K, Asgharpour A, Siddiqui MS, Jarai G, Rosen G, Christian R, Sanyal AJ.

Sci Rep. 2018 Aug 17;8(1):12414. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-30457-y.


Adaptability and reproducibility of a memory disruption rTMS protocol in the PharmaCog IMI European project.

Martin-Trias P, Lanteaume L, Solana E, Cassé-Perrot C, Fernández-Cabello S, Babiloni C, Marzano N, Junqué C, Rossini PM, Micallef J, Truillet R, Charles E, Jouve E, Bordet R, Santamaria J, Jovicich J, Rossi S, Pascual-Leone A, Blin O, Richardson J, Bartrés-Faz D.

Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 19;8(1):9371. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-27502-1.


First Detection of FOX-1 AmpC β-lactamase Gene Expression Among Escherichia coli Isolated from Abattoir Samples in Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Chika E, Charles E, Ifeanyichukwu I, Michael A.

Oman Med J. 2018 May;33(3):243-249. doi: 10.5001/omj.2018.44.


Postoperative atrial fibrillation is associated with increased morbidity and resource utilization after left ventricular assist device placement.

Hawkins RB, Mehaffey JH, Guo A, Charles EJ, Speir AM, Rich JB, Quader MA, Ailawadi G, Yarboro LT; Virginia Cardiac Services Quality Initiative.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Oct;156(4):1543-1549.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.03.169. Epub 2018 Apr 18.


NR4A2 haploinsufficiency is associated with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder.

Lévy J, Grotto S, Mignot C, Maruani A, Delahaye-Duriez A, Benzacken B, Keren B, Haye D, Xavier J, Heulin M, Charles E, Verloes A, Dupont C, Pipiras E, Tabet AC.

Clin Genet. 2018 Aug;94(2):264-268. doi: 10.1111/cge.13383.


Poetry corner.

Charles EP.

Hist Psychol. 2018 May;21(2):172-175. doi: 10.1037/hop0000091b.


Pannexin-1 channels on endothelial cells mediate vascular inflammation during lung ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Sharma AK, Charles EJ, Zhao Y, Narahari AK, Baderdinni PK, Good ME, Lorenz UM, Kron IL, Bayliss DA, Ravichandran KS, Isakson BE, Laubach VE.

Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2018 Aug 1;315(2):L301-L312. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00004.2018. Epub 2018 May 10.


The feasibility and concurrent validity of performing the Movement Assessment Battery for Children - 2nd Edition via telerehabilitation technology.

Nicola K, Waugh J, Charles E, Russell T.

Res Dev Disabil. 2018 Jun;77:40-48. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2018.04.001. Epub 2018 Apr 12.


Increasing circulating sphingosine-1-phosphate attenuates lung injury during ex vivo lung perfusion.

Mehaffey JH, Charles EJ, Narahari AK, Schubert S, Laubach VE, Teman NR, Lynch KR, Kron IL, Sharma AK.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Aug;156(2):910-917. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.02.090. Epub 2018 Mar 11.


Outcomes after Falls Continue to Worsen Despite Trauma and Geriatric Care Advancements.

Charles EJ, Napoli NJ, Johnston LE, Foster CA, Goode DA, Parker TB, Sharp EA, Barnes L, Young JS.

Am Surg. 2018 Mar 1;84(3):392-397.


Psoas Muscle Size Predicts Risk-Adjusted Outcomes After Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement.

Hawkins RB, Mehaffey JH, Charles EJ, Kern JA, Lim DS, Teman NR, Ailawadi G.

Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 Jul;106(1):39-45. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2018.02.010. Epub 2018 Mar 9.


Einstein@Home discovers a radio-quiet gamma-ray millisecond pulsar.

Clark CJ, Pletsch HJ, Wu J, Guillemot L, Kerr M, Johnson TJ, Camilo F, Salvetti D, Allen B, Anderson D, Aulbert C, Beer C, Bock O, Cuéllar A, Eggenstein HB, Fehrmann H, Kramer M, Kwang SA, Machenschalk B, Nieder L, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Baldini L, Ballet J, Barbiellini G, Bastieri D, Bellazzini R, Bissaldi E, Blandford RD, Bloom ED, Bonino R, Bottacini E, Brandt TJ, Bregeon J, Bruel P, Buehler R, Burnett TH, Buson S, Cameron RA, Caputo R, Caraveo PA, Cavazzuti E, Cecchi C, Charles E, Chekhtman A, Ciprini S, Cominsky LR, Costantin D, Cutini S, D'Ammando F, De Luca A, Desiante R, Di Venere L, Di Mauro M, Di Lalla N, Digel SW, Favuzzi C, Ferrara EC, Franckowiak A, Fukazawa Y, Funk S, Fusco P, Gargano F, Gasparrini D, Giglietto N, Giordano F, Giroletti M, Gomez-Vargas GA, Green D, Grenier IA, Guiriec S, Harding AK, Hewitt JW, Horan D, Jóhannesson G, Kensei S, Kuss M, La Mura G, Larsson S, Latronico L, Li J, Longo F, Loparco F, Lovellette MN, Lubrano P, Magill JD, Maldera S, Manfreda A, Mazziotta MN, McEnery JE, Michelson PF, Mirabal N, Mitthumsiri W, Mizuno T, Monzani ME, Morselli A, Moskalenko IV, Nuss E, Ohsugi T, Omodei N, Orienti M, Orlando E, Palatiello M, Paliya VS, de Palma F, Paneque D, Perkins JS, Persic M, Pesce-Rollins M, Porter TA, Principe G, Rainò S, Rando R, Ray PS, Razzano M, Reimer A, Reimer O, Romani RW, Saz Parkinson PM, Sgrò C, Siskind EJ, Smith DA, Spada F, Spandre G, Spinelli P, Thayer JB, Thompson DJ, Torres DF, Troja E, Vianello G, Wood K, Wood M.

Sci Adv. 2018 Feb 28;4(2):eaao7228. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aao7228. eCollection 2018 Feb.


Surgeon Scientists Are Disproportionately Affected by Declining NIH Funding Rates.

Narahari AK, Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Charles EJ, Baderdinni PK, Chandrabhatla AS, Kocan JW, Jones RS, Upchurch GR Jr, Kron IL, Kern JA, Ailawadi G.

J Am Coll Surg. 2018 Apr;226(4):474-481. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2017.12.047. Epub 2018 Feb 23.


Expanding the donor lung pool: how many donations after circulatory death organs are we missing?

Chancellor WZ, Charles EJ, Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Foster CA, Sharma AK, Laubach VE, Kron IL, Tribble CG.

J Surg Res. 2018 Mar;223:58-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2017.09.029. Epub 2017 Nov 11.


Adenosine 2A Receptor Activation Attenuates Ischemia Reperfusion Injury During Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

Mehaffey JH, Money D, Charles EJ, Schubert S, Piñeros AF, Wu D, Bontha SV, Hawkins R, Teman NR, Laubach VE, Mas VR, Tribble CG, Maluf DG, Sharma AK, Yang Z, Kron IL, Roeser ME.

Ann Surg. 2018 Jan 25. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002685. [Epub ahead of print]


Molecular imaging of pulmonary diseases.

Dimastromatteo J, Charles EJ, Laubach VE.

Respir Res. 2018 Jan 24;19(1):17. doi: 10.1186/s12931-018-0716-0. Review.


Cardiothoracic surgery training grants provide protected research time vital to the development of academic surgeons.

Narahari AK, Charles EJ, Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Schubert SA, Tribble CG, Schuessler RB, Damiano RJ Jr, Kron IL.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 May;155(5):2050-2056. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2017.12.041. Epub 2017 Dec 19.


Cost of individual complications following coronary artery bypass grafting.

Mehaffey JH, Hawkins RB, Byler M, Charles EJ, Fonner C, Kron I, Quader M, Speir A, Rich J, Ailawadi G; Virginia Cardiac Services Quality Initiative.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Mar;155(3):875-882.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2017.08.144. Epub 2017 Dec 14.


Bedside-to-Bench and Back Again: Surgeon-Initiated Translational Research.

Charles EJ, Kron IL.

Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 Jan;105(1):10-11. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2017.06.026. No abstract available.


Inguinal hernia repair: is there a benefit to using the robot?

Charles EJ, Mehaffey JH, Tache-Leon CA, Hallowell PT, Sawyer RG, Yang Z.

Surg Endosc. 2018 Apr;32(4):2131-2136. doi: 10.1007/s00464-017-5911-4. Epub 2017 Oct 24.


In vivo lung perfusion rehabilitates sepsis-induced lung injury.

Mehaffey JH, Charles EJ, Schubert S, Salmon M, Sharma AK, Money D, Stoler MH, Laubach VE, Tribble CG, Roeser ME, Kron IL.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Jan;155(1):440-448.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2017.08.124. Epub 2017 Sep 14.


Guide-bound structures of an RNA-targeting A-cleaving CRISPR-Cas13a enzyme.

Knott GJ, East-Seletsky A, Cofsky JC, Holton JM, Charles E, O'Connell MR, Doudna JA.

Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2017 Oct;24(10):825-833. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.3466. Epub 2017 Sep 11.


Which ischemic mitral valves should be repaired and how? Time will tell.

Charles EJ, Kron IL.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Sep;154(3):833. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2017.05.006. No abstract available.


Mitral Valve Repair: The French Correction Versus the American Correction.

Schubert SA, Mehaffey JH, Charles EJ, Kron IL.

Surg Clin North Am. 2017 Aug;97(4):867-888. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2017.03.009. Review.


Effect of hypothermia on splenic leukocyte modulation and survival duration in severely septic rats.

Willis RN Jr, Charles EJ, Guidry CA, Chordia MD, Davies SW, Yang Z, Sawyer RG.

J Surg Res. 2017 Jul;215:196-203. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2017.03.060. Epub 2017 Apr 7.

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