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Early Increased Urinary IL-2 and IL-10 Levels were Associated with Development of Chronic UTI in a Murine Model.

Zhu K, Hill WG, Li F, Shi B, Chai TC.

Urology. 2020 Mar 19. pii: S0090-4295(20)30287-9. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2020.03.015. [Epub ahead of print]


Reply by Authors.

Anger J, Lee U, Ackerman AL, Chou R, Chughtai B, Clemens JQ, Hickling D, Kapoor A, Kenton KS, Kaufman MR, Rondanina MA, Stapleton A, Stothers L, Chai TC.

J Urol. 2019 Dec;202(6):1274. doi: 10.1097/JU.0000000000000503. Epub 2019 Aug 20. No abstract available.


Pyroptosis engagement and bladder urothelial cell-derived exosomes recruit mast cells and induce barrier dysfunction of bladder urothelium after uropathogenic E. coli infection.

Wu Z, Li Y, Liu Q, Liu Y, Chen L, Zhao H, Guo H, Zhu K, Zhou N, Chai TC, Shi B.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2019 Sep 1;317(3):C544-C555. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00102.2019. Epub 2019 Jun 26.


Recurrent Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections in Women: AUA/CUA/SUFU Guideline.

Anger J, Lee U, Ackerman AL, Chou R, Chughtai B, Clemens JQ, Hickling D, Kapoor A, Kenton KS, Kaufman MR, Rondanina MA, Stapleton A, Stothers L, Chai TC.

J Urol. 2019 Aug;202(2):282-289. doi: 10.1097/JU.0000000000000296. Epub 2019 Jul 8.


A non-enzymatic method for dissection of mouse bladder urothelial tissue.

Lu M, Zhu K, Schulam PG, Chai TC.

Nat Protoc. 2019 Apr;14(4):1280-1292. doi: 10.1038/s41596-019-0142-x. Epub 2019 Mar 20.


Bladder urothelial BK channel activity is a critical mediator for innate immune response in urinary tract infection pathogenesis.

Yeh J, Lu M, Alvarez-Lugo L, Chai TC.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2019 Apr 1;316(4):F617-F623. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00554.2018. Epub 2019 Jan 16.


Mouse urothelial genes associated with voiding behavior changes after ovariectomy and bladder lipopolysaccharide exposure.

Acevedo-Alvarez M, Yeh J, Alvarez-Lugo L, Lu M, Sukumar N, Hill WG, Chai TC.

Neurourol Urodyn. 2018 Nov;37(8):2398-2405. doi: 10.1002/nau.23592. Epub 2018 Apr 23.


Lipopolysaccharide stimulates BK channel activity in bladder umbrella cells.

Lu M, Li JR, Alvarez-Lugo L, Li Y, Yu S, Li X, Shi B, Chai TC.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2018 Jun 1;314(6):C643-C653. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00339.2017. Epub 2018 Feb 21.


New therapeutic directions to treat underactive bladder.

Chai TC, Kudze T.

Investig Clin Urol. 2017 Dec;58(Suppl 2):S99-S106. doi: 10.4111/icu.2017.58.S2.S99. Epub 2017 Dec 19. Review.


Premature contractions of the bladder are suppressed by interactions between TRPV4 and SK3 channels in murine detrusor PDGFRα+ cells.

Lee H, Koh BH, Peri LE, Corrigan RD, Lee HT, George NE, Bhetwal BP, Xie Y, Perrino BA, Chai TC, Sanders KM, Koh SD.

Sci Rep. 2017 Sep 25;7(1):12245. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-12561-7.


Re: Incontinence Medication Response Relates to the Female Urinary Microbiota.

Chai TC.

Eur Urol. 2017 Nov;72(5):854. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2017.06.014. Epub 2017 Jun 23. No abstract available.


Mesh Sling Removals: Why, When, How and Consequences.

Chai TC.

J Urol. 2017 Sep;198(3):496-497. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2017.06.063. Epub 2017 Jun 20. No abstract available.


Future Directions of Research and Care for Urinary Incontinence: Findings from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Summit on Urinary Incontinence Clinical Research in Women.

Chai TC, Asfaw TS, Baker JE, Clarkson B, Coleman P, Hoffstetter S, Konkel K, Lavender M, Nair S, Norton J, Subak L, Visco A, Star RA, Bavendam T.

J Urol. 2017 Jul;198(1):22-29. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2016.10.133. Epub 2017 Mar 9. Review.


Caloric Restriction and Aging Bladder Dysfunction.

Chai TC.

J Urol. 2016 Nov;196(5):1339. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2016.08.013. Epub 2016 Aug 9. No abstract available.


Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is released by female mouse bladder urothelial cells and expressed by the urothelium as an early response to lipopolysaccharides (LPS).

Li Y, Lu M, Alvarez-Lugo L, Chen G, Chai TC.

Neurourol Urodyn. 2017 Apr;36(4):1020-1025. doi: 10.1002/nau.23057. Epub 2016 Jun 23.


Preoperative Urodynamic Parameters (Valsalva Leak Point Pressure and Maximum Urethral Closure Pressure), Urinary Collagen and Plasma Vitamin D Levels as Predictors of Mid Urethral Sling Surgery Outcome.

Chai TC, Moalli PA, Richter HE, Lake AG, Kim HY, Nager CW, Sirls LT, Brubaker L, Kusek JW.

J Urol. 2016 Sep;196(3):819-23. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2016.03.177. Epub 2016 Apr 23.


Mucosal signaling in the bladder.

Chai TC, Russo A, Yu S, Lu M.

Auton Neurosci. 2016 Oct;200:49-56. doi: 10.1016/j.autneu.2015.08.009. Epub 2015 Sep 24. Review.


Continence and micturition: physiological mechanisms under behavioral control.

Chai TC.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2015 Jul 1;309(1):F33-4. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00193.2015. Epub 2015 May 13. No abstract available.


The future of research in female pelvic medicine.

Chao J, Chai TC.

Curr Urol Rep. 2015 Feb;16(2):2. doi: 10.1007/s11934-014-0474-6.


The cost of preoperative urodynamics: A secondary analysis of the ValUE trial.

Norton PA, Nager CW, Brubaker L, Lemack GE, Sirls LT, Holley R, Chai TC, Kraus SR, Zyczynski H, Smith B, Stoddard A; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

Neurourol Urodyn. 2016 Jan;35(1):81-4. doi: 10.1002/nau.22684. Epub 2014 Oct 18.


Ectopic ureter presenting as anterior wall vaginal prolapse.

Chai TC, Davis R, Hawes LN, Twaddell WS.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2014 Jul-Aug;20(4):237-9. doi: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000000082.


Evidence for bladder urothelial pathophysiology in functional bladder disorders.

Keay SK, Birder LA, Chai TC.

Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:865463. doi: 10.1155/2014/865463. Epub 2014 May 8. Review.


Urinary incontinence management costs are reduced following Burch or sling surgery for stress incontinence.

Subak LL, Goode PS, Brubaker L, Kusek JW, Schembri M, Lukacz ES, Kraus SR, Chai TC, Norton P, Tennstedt SL; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Aug;211(2):171.e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2014.03.012. Epub 2014 Mar 11.


Total splenic artery embolization for splenic artery aneurysms in patients with normal spleen.

Li ES, Mu JX, Ji SM, Li XM, Xu LB, Chai TC, Liu JX.

World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Jan 14;20(2):555-60. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i2.555.


Risk factors for incomplete bladder emptying after midurethral sling.

Norton PA, Nager CW, Chai TC, Mueller E, Stoddard A, Lowder J, Varner E, Lemack G; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

Urology. 2013 Nov;82(5):1038-41.


Inflammatory and tissue remodeling urinary biomarkers before and after mid urethral sling surgery for stress urinary incontinence.

Chai TC, Richter HE, Moalli P, Keay S, Biggio J, Zong W, Curto T, Kim HY, Stoddard AM, Kusek JW.

J Urol. 2014 Mar;191(3):703-9. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2013.10.051. Epub 2013 Oct 16.


Editorial comment.

Chai TC.

Urology. 2013 Sep;82(3):717. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.07.023. No abstract available.


Elevated polyamines in urothelial cells from OAB subjects mediate oxotremorine-evoked rapid intracellular calcium rise and delayed acetylcholine release.

Li M, Sun Y, Tomiya N, Hsu Y, Chai TC.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2013 Aug 15;305(4):F445-50. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00345.2012. Epub 2013 May 22.


Polyomavirus (BK)-associated pleomorphic giant cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder: a case report.

Alexiev BA, Papadimitriou JC, Chai TC, Ramos E, Staats PN, Drachenberg CB.

Pathol Res Pract. 2013 Apr;209(4):255-9. doi: 10.1016/j.prp.2013.01.008. Epub 2013 Mar 6. Review.


Diagnosis and treatment of overactive bladder (non-neurogenic) in adults: AUA/SUFU guideline.

Gormley EA, Lightner DJ, Burgio KL, Chai TC, Clemens JQ, Culkin DJ, Das AK, Foster HE Jr, Scarpero HM, Tessier CD, Vasavada SP; American Urological Association; Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction.

J Urol. 2012 Dec;188(6 Suppl):2455-63. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.09.079. Epub 2012 Oct 24.


Treatment success of retropubic and transobturator mid urethral slings at 24 months.

Albo ME, Litman HJ, Richter HE, Lemack GE, Sirls LT, Chai TC, Norton P, Kraus SR, Zyczynski H, Kenton K, Gormley EA, Kusek JW; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

J Urol. 2012 Dec;188(6):2281-7. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.07.103. Epub 2012 Oct 22.


Patient related factors associated with long-term urinary continence after Burch colposuspension and pubovaginal fascial sling surgeries.

Richter HE, Brubaker L, Stoddard AM, Xu Y, Zyczynski HM, Norton P, Sirls LT, Kraus SR, Chai TC, Zimmern P, Gormley EA, Kusek JW, Albo ME; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

J Urol. 2012 Aug;188(2):485-9. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.04.010. Epub 2012 Jun 15.


Alteration in TRPV1 and Muscarinic (M3) receptor expression and function in idiopathic overactive bladder urothelial cells.

Birder LA, Wolf-Johnston AS, Sun Y, Chai TC.

Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2013 Jan;207(1):123-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2012.02462.x. Epub 2012 Jul 12.


A randomized trial of urodynamic testing before stress-incontinence surgery.

Nager CW, Brubaker L, Litman HJ, Zyczynski HM, Varner RE, Amundsen C, Sirls LT, Norton PA, Arisco AM, Chai TC, Zimmern P, Barber MD, Dandreo KJ, Menefee SA, Kenton K, Lowder J, Richter HE, Khandwala S, Nygaard I, Kraus SR, Johnson HW, Lemack GE, Mihova M, Albo ME, Mueller E, Sutkin G, Wilson TS, Hsu Y, Rozanski TA, Rickey LM, Rahn D, Tennstedt S, Kusek JW, Gormley EA; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

N Engl J Med. 2012 May 24;366(21):1987-97. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1113595. Epub 2012 May 2.


Radiologic images of retrograde ureterography before and after release of bilateral sacrospinous ligament fixation sutures.

Sylvester T, Bond V, Johnson HW Jr, Chai TC.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2012 May-Jun;18(3):168-9. doi: 10.1097/SPV.0b013e318254f0b0.


Effects of concomitant surgeries during midurethral slings (MUS) on postoperative complications, voiding dysfunction, continence outcomes, and urodynamic variables.

Chai TC, Kenton K, Xu Y, Sirls L, Zyczynski H, Wilson TS, Rahn DD, Whitcomb EL, Hsu Y, Gormley EA.

Urology. 2012 Jun;79(6):1256-61. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2012.02.048. Epub 2012 Apr 25.


Randomized multicenter clinical trial of myofascial physical therapy in women with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome and pelvic floor tenderness.

FitzGerald MP, Payne CK, Lukacz ES, Yang CC, Peters KM, Chai TC, Nickel JC, Hanno PM, Kreder KJ, Burks DA, Mayer R, Kotarinos R, Fortman C, Allen TM, Fraser L, Mason-Cover M, Furey C, Odabachian L, Sanfield A, Chu J, Huestis K, Tata GE, Dugan N, Sheth H, Bewyer K, Anaeme A, Newton K, Featherstone W, Halle-Podell R, Cen L, Landis JR, Propert KJ, Foster HE Jr, Kusek JW, Nyberg LM; Interstitial Cystitis Collaborative Research Network.

J Urol. 2012 Jun;187(6):2113-8. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.01.123. Epub 2012 Apr 12.


Association of baseline urodynamic measures of urethral function with clinical, demographic, and other urodynamic variables in women prior to undergoing midurethral sling surgery.

Chai TC, Huang L, Kenton K, Richter HE, Baker J, Kraus S, Litman H; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network (UITN).

Neurourol Urodyn. 2012 Apr;31(4):496-501. doi: 10.1002/nau.21198. Epub 2012 Feb 29.


Coining a new term-Urovesicology: advancing towards a mechanistic understanding of bladder symptoms.

Chai TC.

Transl Androl Urol. 2012 Mar;1(1):50-7. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2223-4683.2011.12.02. No abstract available.


5-year continence rates, satisfaction and adverse events of burch urethropexy and fascial sling surgery for urinary incontinence.

Brubaker L, Richter HE, Norton PA, Albo M, Zyczynski HM, Chai TC, Zimmern P, Kraus S, Sirls L, Kusek JW, Stoddard A, Tennstedt S, Gormley EA; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

J Urol. 2012 Apr;187(4):1324-30. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2011.11.087. Epub 2012 Feb 15.


Are costs for robotic assisted sacrocolpopexy lower than those for open sacrocolpopexy?

Chai TC.

J Urol. 2012 Feb;187(2):644-5. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2011.11.003. No abstract available.


Urodynamic changes associated with successful stress urinary incontinence surgery: is a little tension a good thing?

Kraus SR, Lemack GE, Sirls LT, Chai TC, Brubaker L, Albo M, Leng WW, Lloyd LK, Norton P, Litman HJ; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

Urology. 2011 Dec;78(6):1257-62. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2011.07.1413. Epub 2011 Oct 11.


Changes in urodynamic measures two years after Burch colposuspension or autologous sling surgery.

Kraus SR, Lemack GE, Richter HE, Brubaker L, Chai TC, Albo ME, Sirls LT, Leng WW, Kusek JW, Norton P, Litman HJ; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

Urology. 2011 Dec;78(6):1263-8. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2011.07.1411. Epub 2011 Oct 11.


Adverse events over two years after retropubic or transobturator midurethral sling surgery: findings from the Trial of Midurethral Slings (TOMUS) study.

Brubaker L, Norton PA, Albo ME, Chai TC, Dandreo KJ, Lloyd KL, Lowder JL, Sirls LT, Lemack GE, Arisco AM, Xu Y, Kusek JW; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Nov;205(5):498.e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2011.07.011. Epub 2011 Jul 20.


History and Future of Multi-Institutional Clinical Trials in Urinary Incontinence.

Chai TC.

Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep. 2011 Sep 1;6(3):114-115. No abstract available.


Role of Purinergic Signaling in Voiding Dysfunction.

Sun Y, Chai TC.

Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep. 2010 Aug 26;5(4):219-224.


Minimum important difference for validated instruments in women with urge incontinence.

Dyer KY, Xu Y, Brubaker L, Nygaard I, Markland A, Rahn D, Chai TC, Stoddard A, Lukacz E; Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network (UITN).

Neurourol Urodyn. 2011 Sep;30(7):1319-24. doi: 10.1002/nau.21028. Epub 2011 May 11.


Risk factors for urinary tract infection following incontinence surgery.

Nygaard I, Brubaker L, Chai TC, Markland AD, Menefee SA, Sirls L, Sutkin G, Zimmern P, Arisco A, Huang L, Tennstedt S, Stoddard A.

Int Urogynecol J. 2011 Oct;22(10):1255-65. doi: 10.1007/s00192-011-1429-9. Epub 2011 May 11.


Tyrosine kinase ETK/BMX is up-regulated in bladder cancer and predicts poor prognosis in patients with cystectomy.

Guo S, Sun F, Guo Z, Li W, Alfano A, Chen H, Magyar CE, Huang J, Chai TC, Qiu S, Qiu Y.

PLoS One. 2011 Mar 7;6(3):e17778. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017778.

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