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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 May;135(5):1352-7.e1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2014.08.021. Epub 2014 Sep 26.

Bronchopulmonary lymph nodes and large airway cell trafficking in patients with fatal asthma.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: erikafeltrini@yahoo.com.br.
2
Department of Pathology, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil.
3
LungenClinic Grosshansdorf, Grosshansdorf, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Immune responses in asthmatic patients involve coordinated cellular responses in the airways and lymph nodes (LNs). However, no studies have described the composition of different cell populations in the bronchopulmonary LNs of asthmatic patients.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to investigate the expression of dendritic cells (DCs) and costimulatory molecules, B cells, T cells, TH2-related cytokines, eosinophils, and vascular cell adhesion molecule in the bronchopulmonary LNs and large airways of asthmatic patients.

METHODS:

Using histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and image analysis, we investigated the expression of Factor XIIIa(+), CD1a(+), CD83(+), and CD207(+) DCs; CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells; CD20(+) B cells; CD23(+) (FcεRII) cells; IL-4; IL-5; eosinophils, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 in the large airways and bronchopulmonary LNs of 11 nonsmokers who died from an asthma exacerbation (fatal asthma [FA]) in comparison with 8 nonasthmatic control subjects. In selected cases of FA, we analyzed the coexpression of HLA-DR, CD40, and CD80 in lung and LN eosinophils.

RESULTS:

The LNs of asthmatic patients exhibited increased density of eosinophils. No other cells were expressed differently in the LNs of patients with FA. The large airways of patients with FA had increased expression of eosinophils in all layers and increased expression of Factor XIIIa(+) cells, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, CD20(+) B cells, and CD23(+) cells in the outer layer. There was colocalization of HLA-DR, CD40, and CD80 in the eosinophils at both sites.

CONCLUSIONS:

FA is associated with the increased presence of eosinophils in the LNs and large airways, which express HLA-DR and costimulatory molecules. The expression of Factor XIIIa(+) monocyte-derived DCs, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, CD20(+) B cells, and CD23(+) cells was increased in the large airways without a corresponding increase in the expression of these cells in the bronchopulmonary LNs. These findings support the concept that eosinophils might act as antigen-presenting cells in patients with FA.

KEYWORDS:

Asthma; antigen presenting cell; bronchopulmonary lymph nodes; dendritic cells; eosinophils

PMID:
25262462
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaci.2014.08.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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