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Interspecies Transmission of Reassortant Swine Influenza A Virus Containing Genes from Swine Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and A(H1N2) Viruses.

Everett HE, Nash B, Londt BZ, Kelly MD, Coward V, Nunez A, van Diemen PM, Brown IH, Brookes SM.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Feb;26(2):273-281. doi: 10.3201/eid2602.190486.


Statistical modelling of data showing pandemic H1N1 2009 swine influenza a virus infection kinetics in vaccinated pigs.

Canini L, Everett HE, Aramouni M, Coward V, Ramsay A, Kelly M, Morgan S, Tchilian E, Gilbert S, Charleston B, Brown IH, Brookes SM, Woolhouse MEJ.

Data Brief. 2019 Sep 28;27:104576. doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2019.104576. eCollection 2019 Dec.


Proceedings Paper-Avian Diseases 10th AI Symposium Issue Development and Application of Real-Time PCR Assays for Specific Detection of Contemporary Avian Influenza Virus Subtypes N5, N6, N7, N8, and N9.

James J, Slomka MJ, Reid SM, Thomas SS, Mahmood S, Byrne AMP, Cooper J, Russell C, Mollett BC, Agyeman-Dua E, Essen S, Brown IH, Brookes SM.

Avian Dis. 2019 Mar 1;63(sp1):209-218. doi: 10.1637/11900-051518-Reg.1.


Two Single Incursions of H7N7 and H5N1 Low Pathogenicity Avian Influenza in U.K. Broiler Breeders During 2015 and 2016.

Reid SM, Núñez A, Seekings AH, Thomas SS, Slomka MJ, Mahmood S, Clark JR, Banks J, Brookes SM, Brown IH.

Avian Dis. 2019 Mar 1;63(sp1):181-192. doi: 10.1637/11898-051418-Reg.1.


Ducks Are Susceptible to Infection with a Range of Doses of H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus (2016, Clade and Are Largely Resistant to Virus-Specific Mortality, but Efficiently Transmit Infection to Contact Turkeys.

Slomka MJ, Puranik A, Mahmood S, Thomas SS, Seekings AH, Byrne AMP, Núñez A, Bianco C, Mollett BC, Watson S, Brown IH, Brookes SM.

Avian Dis. 2019 Mar 1;63(sp1):172-180. doi: 10.1637/11905-052518-Reg.1. Erratum in: Avian Dis. 2019 Jun;63(2):371.


Comparative micro-epidemiology of pathogenic avian influenza virus outbreaks in a wild bird population.

Hill SC, Hansen R, Watson S, Coward V, Russell C, Cooper J, Essen S, Everest H, Parag KV, Fiddaman S, Reid S, Lewis N, Brookes SM, Smith AL, Sheldon B, Perrins CM, Brown IH, Pybus OG.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2019 Jun 24;374(1775):20180259. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2018.0259.


Vaccine-mediated protection of pigs against infection with pandemic H1N1 2009 swine influenza A virus requires a close antigenic match between the vaccine antigen and challenge virus.

Everett HE, Aramouni M, Coward V, Ramsay A, Kelly M, Morgan S, Tchilian E, Canini L, Woolhouse MEJ, Gilbert S, Charleston B, Brown IH, Brookes SM.

Vaccine. 2019 Apr 17;37(17):2288-2293. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.02.078. Epub 2019 Mar 23.


Detection of non-notifiable H4N6 avian influenza virus in poultry in Great Britain.

Reid SM, Brookes SM, Núñez A, Banks J, Parker CD, Ceeraz V, Russell C, Seekings A, Thomas SS, Puranik A, Brown IH.

Vet Microbiol. 2018 Oct;224:107-115. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.08.026. Epub 2018 Sep 3.


Serological Evidence for Influenza A Virus Exposure in Wild Birds in Trinidad & Tobago.

Brown Jordan A, Narang D, Essen SC, Brookes SM, Brown IH, Oura C.

Vet Sci. 2018 May 9;5(2). pii: E50. doi: 10.3390/vetsci5020050.


Unexpected infection outcomes of China-origin H7N9 low pathogenicity avian influenza virus in turkeys.

Slomka MJ, Seekings AH, Mahmood S, Thomas S, Puranik A, Watson S, Byrne AMP, Hicks D, Nunez A, Brown IH, Brookes SM.

Sci Rep. 2018 May 9;8(1):7322. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-25062-y.


Comparison of Heterosubtypic Protection in Ferrets and Pigs Induced by a Single-Cycle Influenza Vaccine.

Holzer B, Morgan SB, Matsuoka Y, Edmans M, Salguero FJ, Everett H, Brookes SM, Porter E, MacLoughlin R, Charleston B, Subbarao K, Townsend A, Tchilian E.

J Immunol. 2018 Jun 15;200(12):4068-4077. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1800142. Epub 2018 Apr 27.


Seroprevalence of economically important viral pathogens in swine populations of Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies.

Sookhoo JRV, Brown-Jordan A, Blake L, Holder RB, Brookes SM, Essen S, Carrington CVF, Brown IH, Oura CAL.

Trop Anim Health Prod. 2017 Aug;49(6):1117-1124. doi: 10.1007/s11250-017-1299-3. Epub 2017 May 18.


Distinct immune responses and virus shedding in pigs following aerosol, intra-nasal and contact infection with pandemic swine influenza A virus, A(H1N1)09.

Hemmink JD, Morgan SB, Aramouni M, Everett H, Salguero FJ, Canini L, Porter E, Chase-Topping M, Beck K, Loughlin RM, Carr BV, Brown IH, Bailey M, Woolhouse M, Brookes SM, Charleston B, Tchilian E.

Vet Res. 2016 Oct 20;47(1):103.


Aerosol Delivery of a Candidate Universal Influenza Vaccine Reduces Viral Load in Pigs Challenged with Pandemic H1N1 Virus.

Morgan SB, Hemmink JD, Porter E, Harley R, Shelton H, Aramouni M, Everett HE, Brookes SM, Bailey M, Townsend AM, Charleston B, Tchilian E.

J Immunol. 2016 Jun 15;196(12):5014-23. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1502632. Epub 2016 May 6.


The global antigenic diversity of swine influenza A viruses.

Lewis NS, Russell CA, Langat P, Anderson TK, Berger K, Bielejec F, Burke DF, Dudas G, Fonville JM, Fouchier RA, Kellam P, Koel BF, Lemey P, Nguyen T, Nuansrichy B, Peiris JM, Saito T, Simon G, Skepner E, Takemae N; ESNIP3 consortium, Webby RJ, Van Reeth K, Brookes SM, Larsen L, Watson SJ, Brown IH, Vincent AL.

Elife. 2016 Apr 15;5:e12217. doi: 10.7554/eLife.12217.


Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N8 Clade Virus: Equivocal Pathogenicity and Implications for Surveillance Following Natural Infection in Breeder Ducks in the United Kingdom.

Núñez A, Brookes SM, Reid SM, Garcia-Rueda C, Hicks DJ, Seekings JM, Spencer YI, Brown IH.

Transbound Emerg Dis. 2016 Feb;63(1):5-9. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12442. Epub 2015 Oct 30.


Genetic Characterization of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N8) Virus from Domestic Ducks, England, November 2014.

Hanna A, Banks J, Marston DA, Ellis RJ, Brookes SM, Brown IH.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2015 May;21(5):879-82. doi: 10.3201/eid2105.141954.


Chicken and duck myotubes are highly susceptible and permissive to influenza virus infection.

Baquero-Perez B, Kuchipudi SV, Ho J, Sebastian S, Puranik A, Howard W, Brookes SM, Brown IH, Chang KC.

J Virol. 2015 Mar;89(5):2494-506. doi: 10.1128/JVI.03421-14. Epub 2014 Dec 24.


Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus infection in chickens but not ducks is associated with elevated host immune and pro-inflammatory responses.

Kuchipudi SV, Tellabati M, Sebastian S, Londt BZ, Jansen C, Vervelde L, Brookes SM, Brown IH, Dunham SP, Chang KC.

Vet Res. 2014 Nov 28;45:118. doi: 10.1186/s13567-014-0118-3.


Effects of carcase decomposition on rabies virus infectivity and detection.

McElhinney LM, Marston DA, Brookes SM, Fooks AR.

J Virol Methods. 2014 Oct;207:110-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2014.06.024. Epub 2014 Jul 7.


Early responses of natural killer cells in pigs experimentally infected with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A virus.

Forberg H, Hauge AG, Valheim M, Garcon F, Nunez A, Gerner W, Mair KH, Graham SP, Brookes SM, Storset AK.

PLoS One. 2014 Jun 23;9(6):e100619. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100619. eCollection 2014.


Cytokine Expression at Different Stages of Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Virus Infection in the Porcine Lung, Using Laser Capture Microdissection.

Hicks DJ, Kelly M, Brookes SM, Londt BZ, Ortiz Pelaez A, Orlowska A, Brown IH, Spencer YI, Núñez A.

Transbound Emerg Dis. 2016 Feb;63(1):e71-9. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12232. Epub 2014 Jun 3.


Virus pathotype and deep sequencing of the HA gene of a low pathogenicity H7N1 avian influenza virus causing mortality in Turkeys.

Iqbal M, Reddy KB, Brookes SM, Essen SC, Brown IH, McCauley JW.

PLoS One. 2014 Jan 28;9(1):e87076. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087076. eCollection 2014.


Lyssavirus infection: 'low dose, multiple exposure' in the mouse model.

Banyard AC, Healy DM, Brookes SM, Voller K, Hicks DJ, Núñez A, Fooks AR.

Virus Res. 2014 Mar 6;181:35-42. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2013.12.029. Epub 2013 Dec 29.


Enhanced infectivity of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus in pig ex vivo respiratory tract organ cultures following adaptation by in vitro passage.

Londt BZ, Brookes SM, Nash BJ, Núñez A, Kelly MD, Garçon F, Graham SP, Brown IH.

Virus Res. 2013 Dec 26;178(2):383-91. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2013.09.015. Epub 2013 Sep 17.


Differential lung NK cell responses in avian influenza virus infected chickens correlate with pathogenicity.

Jansen CA, de Geus ED, van Haarlem DA, van de Haar PM, Löndt BZ, Graham SP, Göbel TW, van Eden W, Brookes SM, Vervelde L.

Sci Rep. 2013;3:2478. doi: 10.1038/srep02478.


Pathobiology of rabies virus and the European bat lyssaviruses in experimentally infected mice.

Healy DM, Brookes SM, Banyard AC, Núñez A, Cosby SL, Fooks AR.

Virus Res. 2013 Mar;172(1-2):46-53. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2012.12.011. Epub 2012 Dec 27.


Failure to infect pigs co-housed with ducks or chickens infected experimentally with A/turkey/Turkey/1/2005 (H5N1) highly pathogenic avian influenza virus.

Löndt BZ, Brookes SM, Kelly MD, Nash BJ, Brown IH.

Vet Microbiol. 2013 Mar 23;162(2-4):944-948. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2012.11.040. Epub 2012 Dec 7.


18S rRNA is a reliable normalisation gene for real time PCR based on influenza virus infected cells.

Kuchipudi SV, Tellabati M, Nelli RK, White GA, Perez BB, Sebastian S, Slomka MJ, Brookes SM, Brown IH, Dunham SP, Chang KC.

Virol J. 2012 Oct 8;9:230. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-9-230.


Quantifying transmission of highly pathogenic and low pathogenicity H7N1 avian influenza in turkeys.

Saenz RA, Essen SC, Brookes SM, Iqbal M, Wood JL, Grenfell BT, McCauley JW, Brown IH, Gog JR.

PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e45059. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045059. Epub 2012 Sep 18.


Selection of variant viruses during replication and transmission of H7N1 viruses in chickens and turkeys.

Iqbal M, Essen SC, Xiao H, Brookes SM, Brown IH, McCauley JW.

Virology. 2012 Nov 25;433(2):282-95. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2012.08.001. Epub 2012 Sep 1.


Mammalian innate resistance to highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus infection is mediated through reduced proinflammation and infectious virus release.

Nelli RK, Dunham SP, Kuchipudi SV, White GA, Baquero-Perez B, Chang P, Ghaemmaghami A, Brookes SM, Brown IH, Chang KC.

J Virol. 2012 Sep;86(17):9201-10. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00244-12. Epub 2012 Jun 20.


The infectivity of pandemic 2009 H1N1 and avian influenza viruses for pigs: an assessment by ex vivo respiratory tract organ culture.

Löndt BZ, Brookes SM, Nash BJ, Núñez A, Stagg DA, Brown IH.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2013 May;7(3):393-402. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2012.00397.x. Epub 2012 Jun 21.


Immune responses in pigs vaccinated with adjuvanted and non-adjuvanted A(H1N1)pdm/09 influenza vaccines used in human immunization programmes.

Lefevre EA, Carr BV, Inman CF, Prentice H, Brown IH, Brookes SM, Garcon F, Hill ML, Iqbal M, Elderfield RA, Barclay WS, Gubbins S, Bailey M, Charleston B; COSI.

PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e32400. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032400. Epub 2012 Mar 9.


Pathology associated with a human case of rabies in the United Kingdom caused by European bat lyssavirus type-2.

Johnson N, Brookes SM, Healy DM, Spencer Y, Hicks D, Nunez A, Wells G, Fooks AR.

Intervirology. 2012;55(5):391-4. doi: 10.1159/000333019. Epub 2011 Dec 5.


A/H1N1/pdm09 virus: dynamics of infection in pigs and people.

Brookes SM, Brown IH.

Vet Rec. 2011 Aug 6;169(6):151-2. doi: 10.1136/vr.d4945. No abstract available.


Real time reverse transcription (RRT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods for detection of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza virus and European swine influenza A virus infections in pigs.

Slomka MJ, Densham AL, Coward VJ, Essen S, Brookes SM, Irvine RM, Spackman E, Ridgeon J, Gardner R, Hanna A, Suarez DL, Brown IH.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2010 Sep;4(5):277-93. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2010.00149.x.


Replication, pathogenesis and transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus in non-immune pigs.

Brookes SM, Núñez A, Choudhury B, Matrosovich M, Essen SC, Clifford D, Slomka MJ, Kuntz-Simon G, Garcon F, Nash B, Hanna A, Heegaard PM, Quéguiner S, Chiapponi C, Bublot M, Garcia JM, Gardner R, Foni E, Loeffen W, Larsen L, Van Reeth K, Banks J, Irvine RM, Brown IH.

PLoS One. 2010 Feb 5;5(2):e9068. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009068.


Serologic cross-reactivity with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus in pigs, Europe.

Kyriakis CS, Olsen CW, Carman S, Brown IH, Brookes SM, Doorsselaere JV, Reeth KV.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2010 Jan;16(1):96-9. doi: 10.3201/eid1601.091190.


Targeted surveillance for European bat lyssaviruses in English bats (2003-06).

Harris SL, Aegerter JN, Brookes SM, McElhinney LM, Jones G, Smith GC, Fooks AR.

J Wildl Dis. 2009 Oct;45(4):1030-41.


Within-host variation of avian influenza viruses.

Iqbal M, Xiao H, Baillie G, Warry A, Essen SC, Londt B, Brookes SM, Brown IH, McCauley JW.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2009 Sep 27;364(1530):2739-47. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2009.0088.


Influenza A (H1N1) infection in pigs.

Brookes SM, Irvine RM, Nunez A, Clifford D, Essen S, Brown IH, Van Reeth K, Kuntz-Simon G, Loeffen W, Foni E, Larsen L, Matrosovich M, Bublot M, Maldonado J, Beer M, Cattoli G.

Vet Rec. 2009 Jun 13;164(24):760-1. No abstract available.


Experimental infection of foxes with European Bat Lyssaviruses type-1 and 2.

Cliquet F, Picard-Meyer E, Barrat J, Brookes SM, Healy DM, Wasniewski M, Litaize E, Biarnais M, Johnson L, Fooks AR.

BMC Vet Res. 2009 May 19;5:19. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-5-19.


Comparative pathological study of the murine brain after experimental infection with classical rabies virus and European bat lyssaviruses.

Hicks DJ, Nuñez A, Healy DM, Brookes SM, Johnson N, Fooks AR.

J Comp Pathol. 2009 Feb-Apr;140(2-3):113-26. doi: 10.1016/j.jcpa.2008.09.001. Epub 2008 Dec 27.


The application of genetic markers for EBLV surveillance in European bat species.

Harris SL, Johnson N, Brookes SM, Hutson AM, Fooks AR, Jones G.

Dev Biol (Basel). 2008;131:347-63.


Experimental infection of foxes with European bat lyssaviruses type-1 and -2.

Picard-Meyer E, Brookes SM, Barrat J, Litaize E, Patron C, Biarnais M, Healy DM, Johnson L, Fooks AR, Cliquet F.

Dev Biol (Basel). 2008;131:339-45.


Inflammatory responses in the nervous system of mice infected with a street isolate of rabies virus.

Johnson N, Mansfield KL, Hicks D, Nunez A, Healy DM, Brookes SM, McKimmie C, Fazakerley JK, Fooks AR.

Dev Biol (Basel). 2008;131:65-72.


A simplified 4-site economical intradermal post-exposure rabies vaccine regimen: a randomised controlled comparison with standard methods.

Warrell MJ, Riddell A, Yu LM, Phipps J, Diggle L, Bourhy H, Deeks JJ, Fooks AR, Audry L, Brookes SM, Meslin FX, Moxon R, Pollard AJ, Warrell DA.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008 Apr 23;2(4):e224. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000224.


Rabies antibody levels in bat handlers in the United Kingdom: immune response before and after purified chick embryo cell rabies booster vaccination.

Morris J, Crowcroft NS, Fooks AR, Brookes SM, Andrews N.

Hum Vaccin. 2007 Sep-Oct;3(5):165-70. Epub 2007 Mar 28.


Susceptibility of sheep to European bat lyssavirus type-1 and -2 infection: a clinical pathogenesis study.

Brookes SM, Klopfleisch R, Müller T, Healy DM, Teifke JP, Lange E, Kliemt J, Johnson N, Johnson L, Kaden V, Vos A, Fooks AR.

Vet Microbiol. 2007 Dec 15;125(3-4):210-23. Epub 2007 Jun 15.


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