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Designing and using incentives to support recruitment and retention in clinical trials: a scoping review and a checklist for design.

Parkinson B, Meacock R, Sutton M, Fichera E, Mills N, Shorter GW, Treweek S, Harman NL, Brown RCH, Gillies K, Bower P.

Trials. 2019 Nov 9;20(1):624. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3710-z. Review.


Interventions for involving older patients with multi-morbidity in decision-making during primary care consultations.

Butterworth JE, Hays R, McDonagh ST, Richards SH, Bower P, Campbell J.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Oct 28;2019(10). doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD013124.pub2. Review.


Training to enhance user and carer involvement in mental health-care planning: the EQUIP research programme including a cluster RCT.

Lovell K, Bee P, Bower P, Brooks H, Cahoon P, Callaghan P, Carter LA, Cree L, Davies L, Drake R, Fraser C, Gibbons C, Grundy A, Hinsliff-Smith K, Meade O, Roberts C, Rogers A, Rushton K, Sanders C, Shields G, Walker L.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2019 Oct.


Accelerometer- and Pedometer-Based Physical Activity Interventions Among Adults With Cardiometabolic Conditions: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Hodkinson A, Kontopantelis E, Adeniji C, van Marwijk H, McMillan B, Bower P, Panagioti M.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Oct 2;2(10):e1912895. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.12895.


Preventing depression in the community by voluntary sector providers (PERSUADE): intervention development and protocol for a parallel randomised controlled feasibility trial.

Kenning C, Blakemore A, Bower P, Safari M, Cuijpers P, Brown JS, Hann M, Lidbetter N, Muñoz RF, Waheed W.

BMJ Open. 2019 Oct 3;9(10):e023791. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023791.


Non-traditional support workers delivering a brief psychosocial intervention for older people with anxiety and depression: the NOTEPAD feasibility study.

Burroughs H, Bartlam B, Bullock P, Lovell K, Ogollah R, Ray M, Bower P, Waheed W, Gilbody S, Kingstone T, Nicholls E, Chew-Graham CA.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2019 Jul.


Improving recruitment to a study of telehealth management for COPD: a cluster randomised controlled 'study within a trial' (SWAT) of a multimedia information resource.

Jolly K, Sidhu M; PSM COPD Group, Bower P, Madurasinghe V; MRC START Group.

Trials. 2019 Jul 24;20(1):453. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3496-z.


Prevalence, severity, and nature of preventable patient harm across medical care settings: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Panagioti M, Khan K, Keers RN, Abuzour A, Phipps D, Kontopantelis E, Bower P, Campbell S, Haneef R, Avery AJ, Ashcroft DM.

BMJ. 2019 Jul 17;366:l4185. doi: 10.1136/bmj.l4185.


Satisfaction with a digitally-enabled telephone health coaching intervention for people with non-diabetic hyperglycaemia.

Coventry P, Bower P, Blakemore A, Baker E, Hann M, Li J, Paisley A, Gibson M.

NPJ Digit Med. 2019 Feb 4;2:5. doi: 10.1038/s41746-019-0080-6. eCollection 2019.


A Qualitative Study Exploring the Determinants, Coping, and Effects of Stress in United Kingdom Trainee Doctors.

Zhou AY, Money A, Bower P, Van Tongeren M, Esmail A, Agius R.

Acad Psychiatry. 2019 Jul 9. doi: 10.1007/s40596-019-01086-y. [Epub ahead of print]


Understanding the diagnosis of pre-diabetes in patients aged over 85 in English primary care: a qualitative study.

Burch P, Blakeman T, Bower P, Sanders C.

BMC Fam Pract. 2019 Jun 29;20(1):90. doi: 10.1186/s12875-019-0981-0.


Trials need participants but not their feedback? A scoping review of published papers on the measurement of participant experience of taking part in clinical trials.

Planner C, Bower P, Donnelly A, Gillies K, Turner K, Young B.

Trials. 2019 Jun 24;20(1):381. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3444-y. Review.


Impact of telephone delivered case-management on the effectiveness of collaborative care for depression and anti-depressant use: A systematic review and meta-regression.

Hudson JL, Bower P, Kontopantelis E, Bee P, Archer J, Clarke R, Moriarty AS, Richards DA, Gilbody S, Lovell K, Dickens C, Gask L, Waheed W, Coventry PA.

PLoS One. 2019 Jun 14;14(6):e0217948. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217948. eCollection 2019.


The impact of a combinatorial digital and organisational intervention on the management of long-term conditions in UK primary care: a non-randomised evaluation.

Lugo-Palacios DG, Hammond J, Allen T, Darley S, McDonald R, Blakeman T, Bower P.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2019 Mar 12;19(1):159. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-3984-6.


Supporting children and young people when making decisions about joining clinical trials: qualitative study to inform multimedia website development.

Martin-Kerry JM, Knapp P, Atkin K, Bower P, Watt I, Stones C, Higgins S, Sheridan R, Preston J, Horton Taylor D, Baines P, Young B.

BMJ Open. 2019 Jan 9;9(1):e023984. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023984.


SWATted away: the challenging experience of setting up a programme of SWATs in paediatric trials.

Martin-Kerry J, Parker A, Bower P, Watt I, Treweek S, Torgerson D, Arundel C, Knapp P.

Trials. 2019 Feb 19;20(1):141. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3236-4.


A patient-centred intervention to improve the management of multimorbidity in general practice: the 3D RCT.

Salisbury C, Man MS, Chaplin K, Mann C, Bower P, Brookes S, Duncan P, Fitzpatrick B, Gardner C, Gaunt DM, Guthrie B, Hollinghurst S, Kadir B, Lee V, McLeod J, Mercer SW, Moffat KR, Moody E, Rafi I, Robinson R, Shaw A, Thorn J.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2019 Feb.


Can support workers from AgeUK deliver an intervention to support older people with anxiety and depression? A qualitative evaluation.

Kingstone T, Bartlam B, Burroughs H, Bullock P, Lovell K, Ray M, Bower P, Waheed W, Gilbody S, Nicholls E, Chew-Graham CA.

BMC Fam Pract. 2019 Jan 19;20(1):16. doi: 10.1186/s12875-019-0903-1.


Multimorbidity and patient-centred care in the 3D trial - Authors' reply.

Salisbury C, Bower P, Guthrie B, Mercer S.

Lancet. 2019 Jan 12;393(10167):129. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32536-4. No abstract available.


Synthesis of researcher reported strategies to recruit adults of ethnic minorities to clinical trials in the United Kingdom: A systematic review.

Masood Y, Bower P, Waheed MW, Brown G, Waheed W.

Contemp Clin Trials. 2019 Mar;78:1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2019.01.004. Epub 2019 Jan 8. Review.


A community-based intervention (Young SMILES) to improve the health-related quality of life of children and young people of parents with serious mental illness: randomised feasibility protocol.

Gellatly J, Bee P, Gega L, Bower P, Hunter D, Stewart P, Stanley N, Calam R, Holt K, Wolpert M, Douglas S, Green J, Kolade A, Callender C, Abel KM.

Trials. 2018 Oct 11;19(1):550. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2935-6.


The effect of optimised patient information materials on recruitment in a lung cancer screening trial: an embedded randomised recruitment trial.

Parker A, Knapp P, Treweek S, Madhurasinghe V, Littleford R, Gallant S, Sullivan F, Schembri S, Rick J, Graffy J, Collier DJ, Eldridge S, Kennedy A, Bower P.

Trials. 2018 Sep 18;19(1):503. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2896-9.


Doing trials within trials: a qualitative study of stakeholder views on barriers and facilitators to the routine adoption of methodology research in clinical trials.

Rick J, Clarke M, Montgomery AA, Brocklehurst P, Evans R, Bower P.

Trials. 2018 Sep 10;19(1):481. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2862-6.


Safety work and risk management as burdens of treatment in primary care: insights from a focused ethnographic study of patients with multimorbidity.

Daker-White G, Hays R, Blakeman T, Croke S, Brown B, Esmail A, Bower P.

BMC Fam Pract. 2018 Sep 8;19(1):155. doi: 10.1186/s12875-018-0844-0.


Improving care for older people with long-term conditions and social care needs in Salford: the CLASSIC mixed-methods study, including RCT.

Bower P, Reeves D, Sutton M, Lovell K, Blakemore A, Hann M, Howells K, Meacock R, Munford L, Panagioti M, Parkinson B, Riste L, Sidaway M, Lau YS, Warwick-Giles L, Ainsworth J, Blakeman T, Boaden R, Buchan I, Campbell S, Coventry P, Reilly S, Sanders C, Skevington S, Waheed W, Checkland K.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2018 Aug.


Development of an online resource for recruitment research in clinical trials to organise and map current literature.

Kearney A, Harman NL, Rosala-Hallas A, Beecher C, Blazeby JM, Bower P, Clarke M, Cragg W, Duane S, Gardner H, Healy P, Maguire L, Mills N, Rooshenas L, Rowlands C, Treweek S, Vellinga A, Williamson PR, Gamble C.

Clin Trials. 2018 Dec;15(6):533-542. doi: 10.1177/1740774518796156. Epub 2018 Aug 31. Review.


Understanding usual care for patients with multimorbidity: baseline data from a cluster-randomised trial of the 3D intervention in primary care.

Chaplin K, Bower P, Man MS, Brookes ST, Gaunt D, Guthrie B, Mann C, Mercer SW, Rafi I, Shaw ARG, Salisbury C.

BMJ Open. 2018 Aug 29;8(8):e019845. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019845.


Embedding shared decision-making in the care of patients with severe and enduring mental health problems: The EQUIP pragmatic cluster randomised trial.

Lovell K, Bee P, Brooks H, Cahoon P, Callaghan P, Carter LA, Cree L, Davies L, Drake R, Fraser C, Gibbons C, Grundy A, Hinsliff-Smith K, Meade O, Roberts C, Rogers A, Rushton K, Sanders C, Shields G, Walker L, Bower P.

PLoS One. 2018 Aug 22;13(8):e0201533. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201533. eCollection 2018.


Exercise in the treatment of clinical anxiety in general practice - a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Aylett E, Small N, Bower P.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 Jul 16;18(1):559. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3313-5.


Enacting person-centredness in integrated care: A qualitative study of practice and perspectives within multidisciplinary groups in the care of older people.

Riste LK, Coventry PA, Reilly ST, Bower P, Sanders C.

Health Expect. 2018 Dec;21(6):1066-1074. doi: 10.1111/hex.12803. Epub 2018 Jul 13.


Management of multimorbidity using a patient-centred care model: a pragmatic cluster-randomised trial of the 3D approach.

Salisbury C, Man MS, Bower P, Guthrie B, Chaplin K, Gaunt DM, Brookes S, Fitzpatrick B, Gardner C, Hollinghurst S, Lee V, McLeod J, Mann C, Moffat KR, Mercer SW.

Lancet. 2018 Jul 7;392(10141):41-50. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31308-4. Epub 2018 Jun 29.


Is telephone health coaching a useful population health strategy for supporting older people with multimorbidity? An evaluation of reach, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness using a 'trial within a cohort'.

Panagioti M, Reeves D, Meacock R, Parkinson B, Lovell K, Hann M, Howells K, Blakemore A, Riste L, Coventry P, Blakeman T, Sidaway M, Bower P.

BMC Med. 2018 May 30;16(1):80. doi: 10.1186/s12916-018-1051-5.


Long-term clinical and cost-effectiveness of collaborative care (versus usual care) for people with mental-physical multimorbidity: cluster-randomised trial.

Camacho EM, Davies LM, Hann M, Small N, Bower P, Chew-Graham C, Baguely C, Gask L, Dickens CM, Lovell K, Waheed W, Gibbons CJ, Coventry P.

Br J Psychiatry. 2018 Aug;213(2):456-463. doi: 10.1192/bjp.2018.70. Epub 2018 May 15.


Systematic Techniques to Enhance rEtention in Randomised controlled trials: the STEER study protocol.

Gillies K, Bower P, Elliott J, MacLennan G, Newlands RSN, Ogden M, Treweek SP, Wells M, Witham MD, Young B, Francis JJ.

Trials. 2018 Mar 27;19(1):197. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2572-0.


A randomised controlled trial, cost-effectiveness and process evaluation of the implementation of self-management for chronic gastrointestinal disorders in primary care, and linked projects on identification and risk assessment.

Thompson DG, O’Brien S, Kennedy A, Rogers A, Whorwell P, Lovell K, Richardson G, Reeves D, Bower P, Chew-Graham C, Harkness E, Beech P.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2018 Mar.


Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of humanistic counselling in schools for young people with emotional distress (ETHOS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Stafford MR, Cooper M, Barkham M, Beecham J, Bower P, Cromarty K, Fugard AJB, Jackson C, Pearce P, Ryder R, Street C.

Trials. 2018 Mar 9;19(1):175. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2538-2.


A feasibility study for NOn-Traditional providers to support the management of Elderly People with Anxiety and Depression: The NOTEPAD study Protocol.

Burroughs H, Bartlam B, Ray M, Kingstone T, Shepherd T, Ogollah R, Proctor J, Waheed W, Bower P, Bullock P, Lovell K, Gilbody S, Bailey D, Butler-Whalley S, Chew-Graham C.

Trials. 2018 Mar 7;19(1):172. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2550-6.


Trial Forge Guidance 1: what is a Study Within A Trial (SWAT)?

Treweek S, Bevan S, Bower P, Campbell M, Christie J, Clarke M, Collett C, Cotton S, Devane D, El Feky A, Flemyng E, Galvin S, Gardner H, Gillies K, Jansen J, Littleford R, Parker A, Ramsay C, Restrup L, Sullivan F, Torgerson D, Tremain L, Westmore M, Williamson PR.

Trials. 2018 Feb 23;19(1):139. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2535-5.


Chronic morbidity, deprivation and primary medical care spending in England in 2015-16: a cross-sectional spatial analysis.

Kontopantelis E, Mamas MA, van Marwijk H, Ryan AM, Bower P, Guthrie B, Doran T.

BMC Med. 2018 Feb 14;16(1):19. doi: 10.1186/s12916-017-0996-0.


Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial.

Kenning C, Lovell K, Hann M, Agius R, Bee PE, Chew-Graham C, Coventry PA, van der Feltz-Cornelis CM, Gilbody S, Hardy G, Kellett S, Kessler D, McMillan D, Reeves D, Rick J, Sutton M, Bower P.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2018 Jan.


Self-care support for children and adolescents with long-term conditions: the REfOCUS evidence synthesis.

Bee P, Pedley R, Rithalia A, Richardson G, Pryjmachuk S, Kirk S, Bower P.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2018 Jan.


Effect of health literacy on the quality of life of older patients with long-term conditions: a large cohort study in UK general practice.

Panagioti M, Skevington SM, Hann M, Howells K, Blakemore A, Reeves D, Bower P.

Qual Life Res. 2018 May;27(5):1257-1268. doi: 10.1007/s11136-017-1775-2. Epub 2018 Jan 10.


Exploring the career choices of White and Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic women pharmacists: a qualitative study.

Howells K, Bower P, Hassell K.

Int J Pharm Pract. 2018 Dec;26(6):507-514. doi: 10.1111/ijpp.12424. Epub 2017 Dec 26.


The cohort multiple randomized controlled trial design was found to be highly susceptible to low statistical power and internal validity biases.

Reeves D, Howells K, Sidaway M, Blakemore A, Hann M, Panagioti M, Bower P.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2018 Mar;95:111-119. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.12.008. Epub 2017 Dec 19.


Empowering people to help speak up about safety in primary care: Using codesign to involve patients and professionals in developing new interventions for patients with multimorbidity.

Knowles S, Hays R, Senra H, Bower P, Locock L, Protheroe J, Sanders C, Daker-White G.

Health Expect. 2018 Apr;21(2):539-548. doi: 10.1111/hex.12648. Epub 2017 Dec 20.


Training health professionals to recruit into challenging randomized controlled trials improved confidence: the development of the QuinteT randomized controlled trial recruitment training intervention.

Mills N, Gaunt D, Blazeby JM, Elliott D, Husbands S, Holding P, Rooshenas L, Jepson M, Young B, Bower P, Tudur Smith C, Gamble C, Donovan JL.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2018 Mar;95:34-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.11.015. Epub 2017 Nov 27.


Threats to patient safety in primary care reported by older people with multimorbidity: baseline findings from a longitudinal qualitative study and implications for intervention.

Hays R, Daker-White G, Esmail A, Barlow W, Minor B, Brown B, Blakeman T, Sanders C, Bower P.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Nov 21;17(1):754. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2727-9.


The Foundations Framework for Developing and Reporting New Models of Care for Multimorbidity.

Stokes J, Man MS, Guthrie B, Mercer SW, Salisbury C, Bower P.

Ann Fam Med. 2017 Nov;15(6):570-577. doi: 10.1370/afm.2150. Review.


Does the impact of case management vary in different subgroups of multimorbidity? Secondary analysis of a quasi-experiment.

Stokes J, Kristensen SR, Checkland K, Cheraghi-Sohi S, Bower P.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Aug 3;17(1):521. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2475-x.

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