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Electrical versus pharmacological cardioversion for emergency department patients with acute atrial fibrillation (RAFF2): a partial factorial randomised trial.

Stiell IG, Sivilotti MLA, Taljaard M, Birnie D, Vadeboncoeur A, Hohl CM, McRae AD, Rowe BH, Brison RJ, Thiruganasambandamoorthy V, Macle L, Borgundvaag B, Morris J, Mercier E, Clement CM, Brinkhurst J, Sheehan C, Brown E, Nemnom MJ, Wells GA, Perry JJ.

Lancet. 2020 Feb 1;395(10221):339-349. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)32994-0.


Lumbosacral Spinal Imaging for Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department With Nontraumatic Low Back Pain.

Berezin L, Thompson C, Rojas-Luengas V, Borgundvaag B, McLeod SL.

J Emerg Med. 2020 Jan 27. pii: S0736-4679(19)31119-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.12.017. [Epub ahead of print]


Impact of an Electronic Decision-Support System on Nursing Triage Process: A Usability and Workflow Analysis.

Agnihotri T, Fan M, McLeod S, Borgundvaag B, Ovens H, McCarron J, Trbovich P.

Can J Nurs Res. 2020 Jan 21:844562119893514. doi: 10.1177/0844562119893514. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


The prevalence of pathological findings identified by next day abdominal ultrasound in patients discharged from the emergency department.

Cargnelli S, Thompson C, Dear T, Sandre A, Borgundvaag B, McLeod SL.

CJEM. 2019 Nov;21(6):793-797. doi: 10.1017/cem.2019.402.


Interrater Reliability, Accuracy, and Triage Time Pre- and Post-implementation of a Real-Time Electronic Triage Decision-Support Tool.

McLeod SL, McCarron J, Ahmed T, Grewal K, Mittmann N, Scott S, Ovens H, Garay J, Bullard M, Rowe BH, Dreyer J, Borgundvaag B.

Ann Emerg Med. 2019 Sep 26. pii: S0196-0644(19)30665-1. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2019.07.048. [Epub ahead of print]


Evaluation of a Web-based Educational Program to Teach the Identification and Management of Alcohol Withdrawal in the Emergency Department.

Thompson C, McLeod SL, Perelman V, Lee S, Carver S, Dear T, Borgundvaag B.

AEM Educ Train. 2018 Nov 20;3(1):50-57. doi: 10.1002/aet2.10202. eCollection 2019 Jan.


Prospective Validation of the Emergency Heart Failure Mortality Risk Grade for Acute Heart Failure.

Lee DS, Lee JS, Schull MJ, Borgundvaag B, Edmonds ML, Ivankovic M, McLeod SL, Dreyer JF, Sabbah S, Levy PD, O'Neill T, Chong A, Stukel TA, Austin PC, Tu JV.

Circulation. 2019 Feb 26;139(9):1146-1156. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.035509.


Clinical validation of a risk scale for serious outcomes among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease managed in the emergency department.

Stiell IG, Perry JJ, Clement CM, Brison RJ, Rowe BH, Aaron SD, McRae AD, Borgundvaag B, Calder LA, Forster AJ, Brinkhurst J, Wells GA.

CMAJ. 2018 Dec 3;190(48):E1406-E1413. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.180232.


Reasons and outcomes for patients receiving ICS/LABA agents prior to, and one month after, emergency department presentations for acute asthma.

Villa-Roel C, Borgundvaag B, Majumdar SR, Emond M, Campbell S, Sivilotti M, Abu-Laban RB, Stiell IG, Aaron SD, Senthilselvan A, Rowe BH; AIR Investigators.

J Asthma. 2019 Sep;56(9):985-994. doi: 10.1080/02770903.2018.1508472. Epub 2018 Oct 12.


Risk factors associated with acute in-hospital delirium for patients diagnosed with a hip fracture in the emergency department.

Thompson C, Brienza VJM, Sandre A, Caine S, Borgundvaag B, McLeod S.

CJEM. 2018 Nov;20(6):911-919. doi: 10.1017/cem.2018.427. Epub 2018 Sep 11.


Long-term Follow-up of the Trial of Routine Angioplasty and Stenting After Fibrinolysis to Enhance Reperfusion in Acute Myocardial Infarction (TRANSFER-AMI).

Arbel Y, Ko DT, Yan AT, Cantor WJ, Bagai A, Koh M, Eberg M, Tan M, Fitchett D, Borgundvaag B, Ducas J, Heffernan M, Morrison LJ, Langer A, Dzavik V, Mehta SR, Goodman SG; TRANSFER-AMI Trial Investigators.

Can J Cardiol. 2018 Jun;34(6):736-743. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2018.02.005. Epub 2018 Feb 10.


Opioid prescribing and adverse events in opioid-naive patients treated by emergency physicians versus family physicians: a population-based cohort study.

Borgundvaag B, McLeod S, Khuu W, Varner C, Tadrous M, Gomes T.

CMAJ Open. 2018 Mar 1;6(1):E110-E117. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20170151.


Opioid Prescribing for Opioid-Naive Patients in Emergency Departments and Other Settings: Characteristics of Prescriptions and Association With Long-Term Use.

Jeffery MM, Hooten WM, Hess EP, Meara ER, Ross JS, Henk HJ, Borgundvaag B, Shah ND, Bellolio MF.

Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;71(3):326-336.e19. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.08.042. Epub 2017 Sep 26.


Between- and within-site variation in medication choices and adverse events during procedural sedation for electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation and flutter.

Clinkard D, Stiell I, Lang E, Rose S, Clement C, Brison R, Rowe BH, Borgundvaag B, Langhan T, Magee K, Stenstrom R, Perry JJ, Birnie D, Wells G, McRae A.

CJEM. 2018 May;20(3):370-376. doi: 10.1017/cem.2017.20. Epub 2017 Jun 7.


Uncomplicated urinary tract infections in the emergency department: a review of local practice patterns.

Poon E, Self L, McLeod SL, Caine S, Borgundvaag B.

CJEM. 2018 Jul;20(4):572-577. doi: 10.1017/cem.2017.39. Epub 2017 Jun 7.


Rates and predictive factors of return to the emergency department following an initial release by the emergency department for acute heart failure.

Claret PG, Calder LA, Stiell IG, Yan JW, Clement CM, Borgundvaag B, Forster AJ, Perry JJ, Rowe BH.

CJEM. 2018 Mar;20(2):222-229. doi: 10.1017/cem.2017.14. Epub 2017 Apr 3.


Outcomes for Emergency Department Patients With Recent-Onset Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter Treated in Canadian Hospitals.

Stiell IG, Clement CM, Rowe BH, Brison RJ, Wyse DG, Birnie D, Dorian P, Lang E, Perry JJ, Borgundvaag B, Eagles D, Redfearn D, Brinkhurst J, Wells GA.

Ann Emerg Med. 2017 May;69(5):562-571.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2016.10.013. Epub 2017 Jan 19.


Text messaging research participants as a follow-up strategy to decrease emergency department study attrition.

Varner C, McLeod S, Nahiddi N, Borgundvaag B.

CJEM. 2018 Jan;20(1):148-153. doi: 10.1017/cem.2016.408. Epub 2017 Jan 9.


Prospective and Explicit Clinical Validation of the Ottawa Heart Failure Risk Scale, With and Without Use of Quantitative NT-proBNP.

Stiell IG, Perry JJ, Clement CM, Brison RJ, Rowe BH, Aaron SD, McRae AD, Borgundvaag B, Calder LA, Forster AJ, Wells GA.

Acad Emerg Med. 2017 Mar;24(3):316-327. doi: 10.1111/acem.13141.


Fetal outcomes following emergency department point-of-care ultrasound for vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy.

Varner C, Balaban D, McLeod S, Carver S, Borgundvaag B.

Can Fam Physician. 2016 Jul;62(7):572-578. Erratum in: Can Fam Physician. ;62(8):628.


Acquisition of bacteria on health care workers' hands after contact with patient privacy curtains.

Larocque M, Carver S, Bertrand A, McGeer A, McLeod S, Borgundvaag B.

Am J Infect Control. 2016 Nov 1;44(11):1385-1386. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2016.04.227. Epub 2016 Jul 4.


Predictors of influenza among older adults in the emergency department.

Lam PP, Coleman BL, Green K, Powis J, Richardson D, Katz K, Borgundvaag B, Smith-Gorvie T, Kwong JC, Bondy SJ, McGeer A.

BMC Infect Dis. 2016 Oct 28;16(1):615.


Cognitive Rest and Graduated Return to Usual Activities Versus Usual Care for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Emergency Department Discharge Instructions.

Varner CE, McLeod S, Nahiddi N, Lougheed RE, Dear TE, Borgundvaag B.

Acad Emerg Med. 2017 Jan;24(1):75-82. doi: 10.1111/acem.13073.


Efficacy of Early Invasive Management After Fibrinolysis for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in Relation to Initial Troponin Status.

Tan NS, Goodman SG, Cantor WJ, Russo JJ, Borgundvaag B, Fitchett D, Džavík V, Tan MK, Elbarouni B, Lavi S, Bagai A, Heffernan M, Ko DT, Yan AT.

Can J Cardiol. 2016 Oct;32(10):1221.e11-1221.e18. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2016.01.010. Epub 2016 Jan 21.


A quantitative evaluation of alcohol withdrawal tremors.

Aarabi P, Norouzi N, Dear T, Carver S, Bromberg S, Gray S, Kahan M, Borgundvaag B.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2015;2015:6215-8. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2015.7319812.


Closing the circle of care: implementation of a web-based communication tool to improve emergency department discharge communication with family physicians.

Hunchak C, Tannenbaum D, Roberts M, Shah T, Tisma P, Ovens H, Borgundvaag B.

CJEM. 2015 Mar;17(2):123-30. doi: 10.2310/8000.2014.141327.


Efficacy and safety of a routine early invasive strategy in relation to time from symptom onset to fibrinolysis (a subgroup analysis of TRANSFER-AMI).

Russo JJ, Goodman SG, Cantor WJ, Tan MK, Borgundvaag B, Fitchett D, Džavík V, Yan RT, Graham JJ, Mehta SR, Yan AT; TRANSFER-AMI Investigators.

Am J Cardiol. 2015 Apr 15;115(8):1005-12. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.01.533. Epub 2015 Jan 31.


Time-frequency visualization of alcohol withdrawal tremors.

Carver S, Norouzi N, Bromberg S, Gray S, Kahan M, Aarabi P, Borgundvaag B.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014;2014:5474-7. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944865.


Efficacy of an early invasive strategy after fibrinolysis in ST-elevation myocardial infarction relative to the extent of coronary artery disease.

Elbarouni B, Cantor WJ, Ducas J, Borgundvaag B, Džavík V, Heffernan M, Buller CE, Langer A, Goodman SG, Yan AT; TRANSFER-AMI Trial Investigators.

Can J Cardiol. 2014 Dec;30(12):1555-61. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2014.09.001. Epub 2014 Sep 4.


Evaluation of the reproducibility of the Naranjo Adverse Drug Reaction Probability Scale score in published case reports.

Liang R, Borgundvaag B, McIntyre M, Thwaites C, Ragan K, Wyllie A.

Pharmacotherapy. 2014 Nov;34(11):1159-66. doi: 10.1002/phar.1496. Epub 2014 Sep 30.


Clinical characteristics associated with adverse events in patients with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a prospective cohort study.

Stiell IG, Clement CM, Aaron SD, Rowe BH, Perry JJ, Brison RJ, Calder LA, Lang E, Borgundvaag B, Forster AJ, Wells GA.

CMAJ. 2014 Apr 1;186(6):E193-204. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.130968. Epub 2014 Feb 18.


Prevalence and incidence of antimicrobial-resistant organisms among hospitalized inflammatory bowel disease patients.

Vaisman A, Pivovarov K, McGeer A, Willey B, Borgundvaag B, Porter V, Gnanasuntharam P, Wei Y, Nguyen GC.

Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2013 Winter;24(4):e117-21.


Efficacy and safety of a routine early invasive strategy after fibrinolysis stratified by glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor use during percutaneous coronary intervention: a pre-specified subgroup analysis of the TRANSFER-AMI randomised controlled trial.

Russo JJ, Goodman SG, Cantor WJ, Fitchett D, Heffernan M, Borgundvaag B, Ducas J, Cohen EA, Džavik V, Mehta SR, Buller CE, Yan AT; TRANSFER-AMI investigators.

Heart. 2014 Jun;100(11):873-80. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2013-305231. Epub 2014 Jan 21.


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization among health care workers in a downtown emergency department in Toronto, Ontario.

Saito G, Thom J, Wei Y, Gnanasuntharam P, Gnanasuntharam P, Kreiswirth N, Willey B, Loftus M, Varner C, Porter V, McGeer A, Borgundvaag B.

Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2013 Fall;24(3):e57-60.


Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in skin and soft tissue infections in patients presenting to Canadian emergency departments.

Borgundvaag B, Ng W, Rowe B, Katz K; EMERGency Department Emerging Infectious Disease Surveillance NeTwork (EMERGENT) Working Group.

CJEM. 2013 May;15(3):141-60.


A risk scoring system to identify emergency department patients with heart failure at high risk for serious adverse events.

Stiell IG, Clement CM, Brison RJ, Rowe BH, Borgundvaag B, Aaron SD, Lang E, Calder LA, Perry JJ, Forster AJ, Wells GA.

Acad Emerg Med. 2013 Jan;20(1):17-26. doi: 10.1111/acem.12056.


Emergency Physician Patterns Related to Anticoagulation of Patients with Recent-Onset Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter.

Misra P, Lang E, Clement CM, Brison RJ, Rowe BH, Borgundvaag B, Langhan T, Magee K, Stenstrom R, Perry JJ, Birnie D, Wells GA, Xue X, Innes G, Stiell IG.

J Atr Fibrillation. 2013 Apr 6;5(6):645. doi: 10.4022/jafib.645. eCollection 2013 Apr-May.


Clinical outcomes and cost implications of routine early PCI after fibrinolysis: one-year follow-up of the Trial of Routine Angioplasty and Stenting after Fibrinolysis to Enhance Reperfusion in Acute Myocardial Infarction (TRANSFER-AMI) study.

Bagai A, Cantor WJ, Tan M, Tong W, Lamy A, Fitchett D, Cohen EA, Mehta SR, Borgundvaag B, Ducas J, Heffernan M, Džavík V, Morrison L, Schwartz B, Lazzam C, Langer A, Goodman SG.

Am Heart J. 2013 Apr;165(4):630-637.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2012.12.016. Epub 2013 Feb 19.


Efficacy of early invasive management post-fibrinolysis in men versus women with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a subgroup analysis from Trial of Routine Angioplasty and Stenting after Fibrinolysis to Enhance Reperfusion in Acute Myocardial Infarction (TRANSFER-AMI).

Bhan V, Cantor WJ, Yan RT, Mehta SR, Morrison LJ, Heffernan M, Fitchett D, Džavík V, Ducas J, Borgundvaag B, Cohen EA, Goodman SG, Yan AT.

Am Heart J. 2012 Sep;164(3):343-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2012.05.022. Epub 2012 Aug 17.


Practice patterns of graduates of a CCFP(EM) residency program: a survey.

Varner C, Ovens H, Letovsky E, Borgundvaag B.

Can Fam Physician. 2012 Jul;58(7):e385-9.


Use of rate control medication before cardioversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation or flutter in the emergency department is associated with reduced success rates.

Blecher GE, Stiell IG, Rowe BH, Lang E, Brison RJ, Perry JJ, Clement CM, Borgundvaag B, Langhan T, Magee K, Stenstrom R, Birnie D, Wells GA.

CJEM. 2012 May;14(3):169-77.


Prevalence and predictors of MRSA, ESBL, and VRE colonization in the ambulatory IBD population.

Leung W, Malhi G, Willey BM, McGeer AJ, Borgundvaag B, Thanabalan R, Gnanasuntharam P, Le B, Weizman AV, Croitoru K, Silverberg MS, Steinhart AH, Nguyen GC.

J Crohns Colitis. 2012 Aug;6(7):743-9. doi: 10.1016/j.crohns.2011.12.005. Epub 2012 Jan 9.


Efficacy and safety of enoxaparin compared with unfractionated heparin in the pharmacoinvasive management of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: Insights from the TRANSFER-AMI trial.

Lavi S, Cantor WJ, Casanova A, Tan MK, Yan AT, Džavík V, Fitchett D, Cohen EA, Borgundvaag B, Heffernan M, Ducas J, Goodman SG.

Am Heart J. 2012 Feb;163(2):176-81.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2011.10.015.


Self-collected mid-turbinate swabs for the detection of respiratory viruses in adults with acute respiratory illnesses.

Larios OE, Coleman BL, Drews SJ, Mazzulli T, Borgundvaag B, Green K; STOP-Flu Study Group, McGeer AJ.

PLoS One. 2011;6(6):e21335. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021335. Epub 2011 Jun 23.


Relationship between risk stratification at admission and treatment effects of early invasive management following fibrinolysis: insights from the Trial of Routine ANgioplasty and Stenting After Fibrinolysis to Enhance Reperfusion in Acute Myocardial Infarction (TRANSFER-AMI).

Yan AT, Yan RT, Cantor WJ, Borgundvaag B, Cohen EA, Fitchett DH, Dzavik V, Ducas J, Tan M, Casanova A, Goodman SG; TRANSFER-AMI Investigators.

Eur Heart J. 2011 Aug;32(16):1994-2002. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehr008. Epub 2011 Feb 8.


Feasibility and reliability of the SHOT: A short scale for measuring pretreatment severity of alcohol withdrawal in the emergency department.

Gray S, Borgundvaag B, Sirvastava A, Randall I, Kahan M.

Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Oct;17(10):1048-54. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2010.00885.x. Erratum in: Acad Emerg Med. 2019 Dec;26(12):1402.


Variation in management of recent-onset atrial fibrillation and flutter among academic hospital emergency departments.

Stiell IG, Clement CM, Brison RJ, Rowe BH, Borgundvaag B, Langhan T, Lang E, Magee K, Stenstrom R, Perry JJ, Birnie D, Wells GA.

Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Jan;57(1):13-21. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2010.07.005. Epub 2010 Sep 22.


Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: prevalence in skin and soft tissue infections at emergency departments in the Greater Toronto Area and associated risk factors.

Adam HJ, Allen VG, Currie A, McGeer AJ, Simor AE, Richardson SE, Louie L, Willey B, Rutledge T, Lee J, Goldman RD, Somers A, Ellis P, Sarabia A, Rizos J, Borgundvaag B, Katz KC; EMERGENT Working Group.

CJEM. 2009 Sep;11(5):439-46.


Routine early angioplasty after fibrinolysis for acute myocardial infarction.

Cantor WJ, Fitchett D, Borgundvaag B, Ducas J, Heffernan M, Cohen EA, Morrison LJ, Langer A, Dzavik V, Mehta SR, Lazzam C, Schwartz B, Casanova A, Goodman SG; TRANSFER-AMI Trial Investigators.

N Engl J Med. 2009 Jun 25;360(26):2705-18. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa0808276.


Outpatient management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax in the emergency department of a community hospital using a small-bore catheter and a Heimlich valve.

Hassani B, Foote J, Borgundvaag B.

Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Jun;16(6):513-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00402.x. Epub 2009 May 11.

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