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Phytophthora infestans RXLR Effectors Target Parallel Steps in an Immune Signal Transduction Pathway.

Ren Y, Armstrong M, Qi Y, McLellan H, Zhong C, Du B, Birch PRJ, Tian Z.

Plant Physiol. 2019 Aug;180(4):2227-2239. doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00625. Epub 2019 Jun 19.


Highlights of the mini-symposium on extracellular vesicles in inter-organismal communication, held in Munich, Germany, August 2018.

Bielska E, Birch PRJ, Buck AH, Abreu-Goodger C, Innes RW, Jin H, Pfaffl MW, Robatzek S, Regev-Rudzki N, Tisserant C, Wang S, Weiberg A.

J Extracell Vesicles. 2019 Mar 18;8(1):1590116. doi: 10.1080/20013078.2019.1590116. eCollection 2019.


AVR2 Targets BSL Family Members, Which Act as Susceptibility Factors to Suppress Host Immunity.

Turnbull D, Wang H, Breen S, Malec M, Naqvi S, Yang L, Welsh L, Hemsley P, Zhendong T, Brunner F, Gilroy EM, Birch PRJ.

Plant Physiol. 2019 May;180(1):571-581. doi: 10.1104/pp.18.01143. Epub 2019 Feb 19.


Phytophthora infestans effector SFI3 targets potato UBK to suppress early immune transcriptional responses.

He Q, McLellan H, Hughes RK, Boevink PC, Armstrong M, Lu Y, Banfield MJ, Tian Z, Birch PRJ.

New Phytol. 2019 Apr;222(1):438-454. doi: 10.1111/nph.15635. Epub 2019 Jan 19.


The oomycete microbe-associated molecular pattern Pep-13 triggers SERK3/BAK1-independent plant immunity.

Wang H, He H, Qi Y, McLellan H, Tian Z, Birch PRJ, Tian Z.

Plant Cell Rep. 2019 Feb;38(2):173-182. doi: 10.1007/s00299-018-2359-5. Epub 2018 Nov 28.


Phytophthora infestans RXLR effectors act in concert at diverse subcellular locations to enhance host colonization.

Wang S, McLellan H, Bukharova T, He Q, Murphy F, Shi J, Sun S, van Weymers P, Ren Y, Thilliez G, Wang H, Chen X, Engelhardt S, Vleeshouwers V, Gilroy EM, Whisson SC, Hein I, Wang X, Tian Z, Birch PRJ, Boevink PC.

J Exp Bot. 2019 Jan 1;70(1):343-356. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ery360.


Pathogen enrichment sequencing (PenSeq) enables population genomic studies in oomycetes.

Thilliez GJA, Armstrong MR, Lim TY, Baker K, Jouet A, Ward B, van Oosterhout C, Jones JDG, Huitema E, Birch PRJ, Hein I.

New Phytol. 2019 Feb;221(3):1634-1648. doi: 10.1111/nph.15441. Epub 2018 Oct 5.


The Phytophthora infestans Haustorium Is a Site for Secretion of Diverse Classes of Infection-Associated Proteins.

Wang S, Welsh L, Thorpe P, Whisson SC, Boevink PC, Birch PRJ.

mBio. 2018 Aug 28;9(4). pii: e01216-18. doi: 10.1128/mBio.01216-18.


A potato STRUBBELIG-RECEPTOR FAMILY member, StLRPK1, associates with StSERK3A/BAK1 and activates immunity.

Wang H, Chen Y, Wu X, Long Z, Sun C, Wang H, Wang S, Birch PRJ, Tian Z.

J Exp Bot. 2018 Nov 26;69(22):5573-5586. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ery310.


Plant pathogen effector utilizes host susceptibility factor NRL1 to degrade the immune regulator SWAP70.

He Q, Naqvi S, McLellan H, Boevink PC, Champouret N, Hein I, Birch PRJ.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Aug 14;115(33):E7834-E7843. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1808585115. Epub 2018 Jul 26.


Phytophthora infestans RXLR effector SFI5 requires association with calmodulin for PTI/MTI suppressing activity.

Zheng X, Wagener N, McLellan H, Boevink PC, Hua C, Birch PRJ, Brunner F.

New Phytol. 2018 Sep;219(4):1433-1446. doi: 10.1111/nph.15250. Epub 2018 Jun 22.


Effector gene birth in plant parasitic nematodes: Neofunctionalization of a housekeeping glutathione synthetase gene.

Lilley CJ, Maqbool A, Wu D, Yusup HB, Jones LM, Birch PRJ, Banfield MJ, Urwin PE, Eves-van den Akker S.

PLoS Genet. 2018 Apr 11;14(4):e1007310. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1007310. eCollection 2018 Apr.


The Potato MAP3K StVIK Is Required for the Phytophthora infestans RXLR Effector Pi17316 to Promote Disease.

Murphy F, He Q, Armstrong M, Giuliani LM, Boevink PC, Zhang W, Tian Z, Birch PRJ, Gilroy EM.

Plant Physiol. 2018 May;177(1):398-410. doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00028. Epub 2018 Mar 27.


Why did filamentous plant pathogens evolve the potential to secrete hundreds of effectors to enable disease?

Thordal-Christensen H, Birch PRJ, Spanu PD, Panstruga R.

Mol Plant Pathol. 2018 Apr;19(4):781-785. doi: 10.1111/mpp.12649. No abstract available.


Delivery of cytoplasmic and apoplastic effectors from Phytophthora infestans haustoria by distinct secretion pathways.

Wang S, Boevink PC, Welsh L, Zhang R, Whisson SC, Birch PRJ.

New Phytol. 2017 Oct;216(1):205-215. doi: 10.1111/nph.14696. Epub 2017 Jul 31.


A new proteinaceous pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) identified in Ascomycete fungi induces cell death in Solanaceae.

Franco-Orozco B, Berepiki A, Ruiz O, Gamble L, Griffe LL, Wang S, Birch PRJ, Kanyuka K, Avrova A.

New Phytol. 2017 Jun;214(4):1657-1672. doi: 10.1111/nph.14542. Epub 2017 Apr 7.


RXLR Effector AVR2 Up-Regulates a Brassinosteroid-Responsive bHLH Transcription Factor to Suppress Immunity.

Turnbull D, Yang L, Naqvi S, Breen S, Welsh L, Stephens J, Morris J, Boevink PC, Hedley PE, Zhan J, Birch PRJ, Gilroy EM.

Plant Physiol. 2017 May;174(1):356-369. doi: 10.1104/pp.16.01804. Epub 2017 Mar 7.


RNA-seq Profiling Reveals Defense Responses in a Tolerant Potato Cultivar to Stem Infection by Pectobacterium carotovorum ssp. brasiliense.

Kwenda S, Motlolometsi TV, Birch PR, Moleleki LN.

Front Plant Sci. 2016 Dec 20;7:1905. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01905. eCollection 2016.


BTB-BACK Domain Protein POB1 Suppresses Immune Cell Death by Targeting Ubiquitin E3 ligase PUB17 for Degradation.

Orosa B, He Q, Mesmar J, Gilroy EM, McLellan H, Yang C, Craig A, Bailey M, Zhang C, Moore JD, Boevink PC, Tian Z, Birch PR, Sadanandom A.

PLoS Genet. 2017 Jan 5;13(1):e1006540. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006540. eCollection 2017 Jan.


The cell biology of late blight disease.

Whisson SC, Boevink PC, Wang S, Birch PR.

Curr Opin Microbiol. 2016 Dec;34:127-135. doi: 10.1016/j.mib.2016.09.002. Epub 2016 Oct 7. Review.


Opening the Effector Protein Toolbox for Plant-Parasitic Cyst Nematode Interactions.

Eves-van den Akker S, Birch PR.

Mol Plant. 2016 Nov 7;9(11):1451-1453. doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2016.09.008. Epub 2016 Sep 28. No abstract available.


Genome-wide identification of potato long intergenic noncoding RNAs responsive to Pectobacterium carotovorum subspecies brasiliense infection.

Kwenda S, Birch PR, Moleleki LN.

BMC Genomics. 2016 Aug 11;17(1):614. doi: 10.1186/s12864-016-2967-9.


Utilizing "Omic" Technologies to Identify and Prioritize Novel Sources of Resistance to the Oomycete Pathogen Phytophthora infestans in Potato Germplasm Collections.

Van Weymers PS, Baker K, Chen X, Harrower B, Cooke DE, Gilroy EM, Birch PR, Thilliez GJ, Lees AK, Lynott JS, Armstrong MR, McKenzie G, Bryan GJ, Hein I.

Front Plant Sci. 2016 May 27;7:672. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.00672. eCollection 2016.


Oomycetes Seek Help from the Plant: Phytophthora infestans Effectors Target Host Susceptibility Factors.

Boevink PC, McLellan H, Gilroy EM, Naqvi S, He Q, Yang L, Wang X, Turnbull D, Armstrong MR, Tian Z, Birch PRJ.

Mol Plant. 2016 May 2;9(5):636-638. doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2016.04.005. Epub 2016 Apr 16. No abstract available.


Potato NPH3/RPT2-Like Protein StNRL1, Targeted by a Phytophthora infestans RXLR Effector, Is a Susceptibility Factor.

Yang L, McLellan H, Naqvi S, He Q, Boevink PC, Armstrong M, Giuliani LM, Zhang W, Tian Z, Zhan J, Gilroy EM, Birch PR.

Plant Physiol. 2016 May;171(1):645-57. doi: 10.1104/pp.16.00178. Epub 2016 Mar 10.


A Phytophthora infestans RXLR effector targets plant PP1c isoforms that promote late blight disease.

Boevink PC, Wang X, McLellan H, He Q, Naqvi S, Armstrong MR, Zhang W, Hein I, Gilroy EM, Tian Z, Birch PRJ.

Nat Commun. 2016 Jan 29;7:10311. doi: 10.1038/ncomms10311.


Discovery and profiling of small RNAs responsive to stress conditions in the plant pathogen Pectobacterium atrosepticum.

Kwenda S, Gorshkov V, Ramesh AM, Naidoo S, Rubagotti E, Birch PR, Moleleki LN.

BMC Genomics. 2016 Jan 12;17:47. doi: 10.1186/s12864-016-2376-0.


A transcriptional reference map of defence hormone responses in potato.

Wiesel L, Davis JL, Milne L, Redondo Fernandez V, Herold MB, Middlefell Williams J, Morris J, Hedley PE, Harrower B, Newton AC, Birch PRJ, Gilroy EM, Hein I.

Sci Rep. 2015 Oct 19;5:15229. doi: 10.1038/srep15229.


Phytophthora infestans RXLR Effector AVR1 Interacts with Exocyst Component Sec5 to Manipulate Plant Immunity.

Du Y, Mpina MH, Birch PR, Bouwmeester K, Govers F.

Plant Physiol. 2015 Nov;169(3):1975-90. doi: 10.1104/pp.15.01169. Epub 2015 Sep 2.


A Host KH RNA-Binding Protein Is a Susceptibility Factor Targeted by an RXLR Effector to Promote Late Blight Disease.

Wang X, Boevink P, McLellan H, Armstrong M, Bukharova T, Qin Z, Birch PR.

Mol Plant. 2015 Sep;8(9):1385-95. doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2015.04.012. Epub 2015 Apr 30.


U-box E3 ubiquitin ligase PUB17 acts in the nucleus to promote specific immune pathways triggered by Phytophthora infestans.

He Q, McLellan H, Boevink PC, Sadanandom A, Xie C, Birch PR, Tian Z.

J Exp Bot. 2015 Jun;66(11):3189-99. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erv128. Epub 2015 Apr 6.


Five Reasons to Consider Phytophthora infestans a Reemerging Pathogen.

Fry WE, Birch PR, Judelson HS, Grünwald NJ, Danies G, Everts KL, Gevens AJ, Gugino BK, Johnson DA, Johnson SB, McGrath MT, Myers KL, Ristaino JB, Roberts PD, Secor G, Smart CD.

Phytopathology. 2015 Jul;105(7):966-81. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-01-15-0005-FI. Epub 2015 Jun 26. Review.


Molecular effects of resistance elicitors from biological origin and their potential for crop protection.

Wiesel L, Newton AC, Elliott I, Booty D, Gilroy EM, Birch PR, Hein I.

Front Plant Sci. 2014 Nov 21;5:655. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00655. eCollection 2014. Review.


The zigzag model of plant-microbe interactions: is it time to move on?

Pritchard L, Birch PR.

Mol Plant Pathol. 2014 Dec;15(9):865-70. doi: 10.1111/mpp.12210. No abstract available.


Detection of the virulent form of AVR3a from Phytophthora infestans following artificial evolution of potato resistance gene R3a.

Chapman S, Stevens LJ, Boevink PC, Engelhardt S, Alexander CJ, Harrower B, Champouret N, McGeachy K, Van Weymers PS, Chen X, Birch PR, Hein I.

PLoS One. 2014 Oct 23;9(10):e110158. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110158. eCollection 2014.


The Top 10 oomycete pathogens in molecular plant pathology.

Kamoun S, Furzer O, Jones JD, Judelson HS, Ali GS, Dalio RJ, Roy SG, Schena L, Zambounis A, Panabières F, Cahill D, Ruocco M, Figueiredo A, Chen XR, Hulvey J, Stam R, Lamour K, Gijzen M, Tyler BM, Grünwald NJ, Mukhtar MS, Tomé DF, Tör M, Van Den Ackerveken G, McDowell J, Daayf F, Fry WE, Lindqvist-Kreuze H, Meijer HJ, Petre B, Ristaino J, Yoshida K, Birch PR, Govers F.

Mol Plant Pathol. 2015 May;16(4):413-34. doi: 10.1111/mpp.12190. Epub 2014 Dec 11. Review.


Analysis of the Pantoea ananatis pan-genome reveals factors underlying its ability to colonize and interact with plant, insect and vertebrate hosts.

De Maayer P, Chan WY, Rubagotti E, Venter SN, Toth IK, Birch PR, Coutinho TA.

BMC Genomics. 2014 May 27;15:404. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-404.


Functionally redundant RXLR effectors from Phytophthora infestans act at different steps to suppress early flg22-triggered immunity.

Zheng X, McLellan H, Fraiture M, Liu X, Boevink PC, Gilroy EM, Chen Y, Kandel K, Sessa G, Birch PR, Brunner F.

PLoS Pathog. 2014 Apr 24;10(4):e1004057. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1004057. eCollection 2014 Apr.


Phytophthora infestans RXLR effector PexRD2 interacts with host MAPKKK ε to suppress plant immune signaling.

King SR, McLellan H, Boevink PC, Armstrong MR, Bukharova T, Sukarta O, Win J, Kamoun S, Birch PR, Banfield MJ.

Plant Cell. 2014 Mar;26(3):1345-59. doi: 10.1105/tpc.113.120055. Epub 2014 Mar 14.


Sequence diversity in the large subunit of RNA polymerase I contributes to Mefenoxam insensitivity in Phytophthora infestans.

Randall E, Young V, Sierotzki H, Scalliet G, Birch PR, Cooke DE, Csukai M, Whisson SC.

Mol Plant Pathol. 2014 Sep;15(7):664-76. doi: 10.1111/mpp.12124. Epub 2014 Apr 14.


An RxLR effector from Phytophthora infestans prevents re-localisation of two plant NAC transcription factors from the endoplasmic reticulum to the nucleus.

McLellan H, Boevink PC, Armstrong MR, Pritchard L, Gomez S, Morales J, Whisson SC, Beynon JL, Birch PR.

PLoS Pathog. 2013;9(10):e1003670. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003670. Epub 2013 Oct 10.


The early days of late blight.

Birch PR, Cooke DE.

Elife. 2013 Jun 18;2:e00954. doi: 10.7554/eLife.00954.


Relocalization of late blight resistance protein R3a to endosomal compartments is associated with effector recognition and required for the immune response.

Engelhardt S, Boevink PC, Armstrong MR, Ramos MB, Hein I, Birch PR.

Plant Cell. 2012 Dec;24(12):5142-58. doi: 10.1105/tpc.112.104992. Epub 2012 Dec 14.


Genome analyses of an aggressive and invasive lineage of the Irish potato famine pathogen.

Cooke DE, Cano LM, Raffaele S, Bain RA, Cooke LR, Etherington GJ, Deahl KL, Farrer RA, Gilroy EM, Goss EM, Grünwald NJ, Hein I, MacLean D, McNicol JW, Randall E, Oliva RF, Pel MA, Shaw DS, Squires JN, Taylor MC, Vleeshouwers VG, Birch PR, Lees AK, Kamoun S.

PLoS Pathog. 2012;8(10):e1002940. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002940. Epub 2012 Oct 4.


Avirulence protein 3a (AVR3a) from the potato pathogen Phytophthora infestans forms homodimers through its predicted translocation region and does not specifically bind phospholipids.

Wawra S, Agacan M, Boddey JA, Davidson I, Gachon CM, Zanda M, Grouffaud S, Whisson SC, Birch PR, Porter AJ, van West P.

J Biol Chem. 2012 Nov 2;287(45):38101-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.395129. Epub 2012 Sep 12.


Host protein BSL1 associates with Phytophthora infestans RXLR effector AVR2 and the Solanum demissum Immune receptor R2 to mediate disease resistance.

Saunders DG, Breen S, Win J, Schornack S, Hein I, Bozkurt TO, Champouret N, Vleeshouwers VG, Birch PR, Gilroy EM, Kamoun S.

Plant Cell. 2012 Aug;24(8):3420-34. Epub 2012 Aug 10.


Host-targeting protein 1 (SpHtp1) from the oomycete Saprolegnia parasitica translocates specifically into fish cells in a tyrosine-O-sulphate-dependent manner.

Wawra S, Bain J, Durward E, de Bruijn I, Minor KL, Matena A, Löbach L, Whisson SC, Bayer P, Porter AJ, Birch PR, Secombes CJ, van West P.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 7;109(6):2096-101. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1113775109. Epub 2012 Jan 20.


ADS1 encodes a MATE-transporter that negatively regulates plant disease resistance.

Sun X, Gilroy EM, Chini A, Nurmberg PL, Hein I, Lacomme C, Birch PR, Hussain A, Yun BW, Loake GJ.

New Phytol. 2011 Oct;192(2):471-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03820.x. Epub 2011 Jul 15.


Presence/absence, differential expression and sequence polymorphisms between PiAVR2 and PiAVR2-like in Phytophthora infestans determine virulence on R2 plants.

Gilroy EM, Breen S, Whisson SC, Squires J, Hein I, Kaczmarek M, Turnbull D, Boevink PC, Lokossou A, Cano LM, Morales J, Avrova AO, Pritchard L, Randall E, Lees A, Govers F, van West P, Kamoun S, Vleeshouwers VG, Cooke DE, Birch PR.

New Phytol. 2011 Aug;191(3):763-76. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03736.x. Epub 2011 May 3.


Imaging fluorescently tagged Phytophthora effector proteins inside infected plant tissue.

Boevink PC, Birch PR, Whisson SC.

Methods Mol Biol. 2011;712:195-209. doi: 10.1007/978-1-61737-998-7_16.


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