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Previously undetected super-spreading of Mycobacterium tuberculosis revealed by deep sequencing.

Lee RS, Proulx JF, McIntosh F, Behr MA, Hanage WP.

Elife. 2020 Feb 4;9. pii: e53245. doi: 10.7554/eLife.53245.


Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling identifies two novel genes in cervical neoplasia.

El-Zein M, Cheishvili D, Gotlieb W, Gilbert L, Hemmings R, Behr MA, Szyf M, Franco EL; MARKER study group.

Int J Cancer. 2020 Jan 25. doi: 10.1002/ijc.32880. [Epub ahead of print]


Levofloxacin versus placebo for the treatment of latent tuberculosis among contacts of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (the VQUIN MDR trial): a protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Fox GJ, Nguyen CB, Nguyen TA, Tran PT, Marais BJ, Graham SM, Nguyen BH, Velen K, Dowdy DW, Mason P, Britton WJ, Behr MA, Benedetti A, Menzies D, Nguyen VN, Marks GB.

BMJ Open. 2020 Jan 2;10(1):e033945. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033945.


ZBTB7B (ThPOK) Is Required for Pathogenesis of Cerebral Malaria and Protection against Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Kennedy JM, Georges A, Bassenden AV, Vidal SM, Berghuis AM, Taniuchi I, Majewski J, Lathrop M, Behr MA, Langlais D, Gros P.

Infect Immun. 2020 Jan 22;88(2). pii: e00845-19. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00845-19. Print 2020 Jan 22.


Differential Sensitivity of Mycobacteria to Isoniazid Is Related to Differences in KatG-Mediated Enzymatic Activation of the Drug.

Reingewertz TH, Meyer T, McIntosh F, Sullivan J, Meir M, Chang YF, Behr MA, Barkan D.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2020 Jan 27;64(2). pii: e01899-19. doi: 10.1128/AAC.01899-19. Print 2020 Jan 27.


Bacillus Calmette-Guérin strains with defined resistance mutations: a new tool for tuberculosis laboratory quality control.

Danchuk SN, McIntosh F, Jamieson FB, May K, Behr MA.

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2019 Nov 6. pii: S1198-743X(19)30588-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2019.10.033. [Epub ahead of print]


BCG: One hundred years, one hundred questions.

Danchuk SN, Behr MA.

Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Nov 3. pii: ciz1083. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz1083. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Is Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection life long?

Behr MA, Edelstein PH, Ramakrishnan L.

BMJ. 2019 Oct 24;367:l5770. doi: 10.1136/bmj.l5770. No abstract available.


Mycobacterium tuberculosis releases an antacid that remodels phagosomes.

Buter J, Cheng TY, Ghanem M, Grootemaat AE, Raman S, Feng X, Plantijn AR, Ennis T, Wang J, Cotton RN, Layre E, Ramnarine AK, Mayfield JA, Young DC, Jezek Martinot A, Siddiqi N, Wakabayashi S, Botella H, Calderon R, Murray M, Ehrt S, Snider BB, Reed MB, Oldfield E, Tan S, Rubin EJ, Behr MA, van der Wel NN, Minnaard AJ, Moody DB.

Nat Chem Biol. 2019 Sep;15(9):889-899. doi: 10.1038/s41589-019-0336-0. Epub 2019 Aug 19.


Multiple exposures, reinfection and risk of progression to active tuberculosis.

Ackley SF, Lee RS, Worden L, Zwick E, Porco TC, Behr MA, Pepperell CS.

R Soc Open Sci. 2019 Mar 20;6(3):180999. doi: 10.1098/rsos.180999. eCollection 2019 Mar.


Predictive Value of HPV Testing in Self-collected and Clinician-Collected Samples Compared with Cytology in Detecting High-grade Cervical Lesions.

El-Zein M, Bouten S, Louvanto K, Gilbert L, Gotlieb WH, Hemmings R, Behr MA, Franco EL; CASSIS Study Group*.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2019 Jul;28(7):1134-1140. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-18-1338. Epub 2019 Apr 23.


Prevalence of Auto-antibodies in Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Cheng MP, Butler-Laporte G, Parkes LO, Bold TD, Fritzler MJ, Behr MA.

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019 Mar 7;6(4):ofz114. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofz114. eCollection 2019 Apr.


A New Phylogenetic Framework for the Animal-Adapted Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex.

Brites D, Loiseau C, Menardo F, Borrell S, Boniotti MB, Warren R, Dippenaar A, Parsons SDC, Beisel C, Behr MA, Fyfe JA, Coscolla M, Gagneux S.

Front Microbiol. 2018 Nov 27;9:2820. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02820. eCollection 2018.


Revisiting the timetable of tuberculosis.

Behr MA, Edelstein PH, Ramakrishnan L.

BMJ. 2018 Aug 23;362:k2738. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k2738. No abstract available.


Breast Implant Mycobacterial Infections: An Epidemiologic Review and Outcome Analysis.

Al-Halabi B, Viezel-Mathieu A, Shulman Z, Behr MA, Fouda Neel O.

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2018 Nov;142(5):639e-652e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000004892.


Geospatial distribution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes in Africa.

Chihota VN, Niehaus A, Streicher EM, Wang X, Sampson SL, Mason P, Källenius G, Mfinanga SG, Pillay M, Klopper M, Kasongo W, Behr MA, Gey van Pittius NC, van Helden PD, Couvin D, Rastogi N, Warren RM.

PLoS One. 2018 Aug 1;13(8):e0200632. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200632. eCollection 2018.


RD5-mediated lack of PE_PGRS and PPE-MPTR export in BCG vaccine strains results in strong reduction of antigenic repertoire but little impact on protection.

Ates LS, Sayes F, Frigui W, Ummels R, Damen MPM, Bottai D, Behr MA, van Heijst JWJ, Bitter W, Majlessi L, Brosch R.

PLoS Pathog. 2018 Jun 18;14(6):e1007139. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1007139. eCollection 2018 Jun.


Validation of a new HPV self-sampling device for cervical cancer screening: The Cervical and Self-Sample In Screening (CASSIS) study.

El-Zein M, Bouten S, Louvanto K, Gilbert L, Gotlieb W, Hemmings R, Behr MA, Franco EL; CASSIS Study Group.

Gynecol Oncol. 2018 Jun;149(3):491-497. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2018.04.004. Epub 2018 Apr 17.


Ethical Considerations Related to Return of Results from Genomic Medicine Projects: The eMERGE Network (Phase III) Experience.

Fossey R, Kochan D, Winkler E, Pacyna JE, Olson J, Thibodeau S, Connolly JJ, Harr M, Behr MA, Prows CA, Cobb B, Myers MF, Leslie ND, Namjou-Khales B, Milo Rasouly H, Wynn J, Fedotov A, Chung WK, Gharavi A, Williams JL, Pais L, Holm I, Aufox S, Smith ME, Scrol A, Leppig K, Jarvik GP, Wiesner GL, Li R, Stroud M, Smoller JW, Sharp RR, Kullo IJ.

J Pers Med. 2018 Jan 3;8(1). pii: E2. doi: 10.3390/jpm8010002.


Evolution and Strain Variation in BCG.

Abdallah AM, Behr MA.

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017;1019:155-169. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-64371-7_8. Review.


Cracking the Vaccine Code in Tuberculosis.

Divangahi M, Behr MA.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Feb 15;197(4):427-432. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201707-1489PP. Review. No abstract available.


Progression to tuberculosis disease increases with multiple exposures.

Lee RS, Proulx JF, Menzies D, Behr MA.

Eur Respir J. 2016 Dec;48(6):1682-1689. doi: 10.1183/13993003.00893-2016. Epub 2016 Oct 6.



Pai M, Behr MA, Dowdy D, Dheda K, Divangahi M, Boehme CC, Ginsberg A, Swaminathan S, Spigelman M, Getahun H, Menzies D, Raviglione M.

Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2016 Oct 27;2:16076. doi: 10.1038/nrdp.2016.76. Review.


Housing and tuberculosis in an Inuit village in northern Quebec: a case-control study.

Khan FA, Fox GJ, Lee RS, Riva M, Benedetti A, Proulx JF, Jung S, Hornby K, Behr MA, Menzies D.

CMAJ Open. 2016 Sep 16;4(3):E496-E506. eCollection 2016 Jul-Sep.


Assessment of Microbiological Diagnosis of Active Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Culture on Liquid Medium with or without Solid Medium.

Rochefort C, Behr MA.

J Clin Microbiol. 2016 Dec;54(12):3064. Epub 2016 Sep 21. No abstract available.


Alu repeats as transcriptional regulatory platforms in macrophage responses to M. tuberculosis infection.

Bouttier M, Laperriere D, Memari B, Mangiapane J, Fiore A, Mitchell E, Verway M, Behr MA, Sladek R, Barreiro LB, Mader S, White JH.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2016 Dec 15;44(22):10571-10587. Epub 2016 Sep 6.


Does Choice Matter? Reference-Based Alignment for Molecular Epidemiology of Tuberculosis.

Lee RS, Behr MA.

J Clin Microbiol. 2016 Jul;54(7):1891-1895. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00364-16. Epub 2016 Apr 13.


The implications of whole-genome sequencing in the control of tuberculosis.

Lee RS, Behr MA.

Ther Adv Infect Dis. 2016 Apr;3(2):47-62. doi: 10.1177/2049936115624630. Epub 2015 Dec 30. Review.


Iron Acquisition in Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

Wang J, Moolji J, Dufort A, Staffa A, Domenech P, Reed MB, Behr MA.

J Bacteriol. 2015 Dec 28;198(5):857-66. doi: 10.1128/JB.00922-15.


Impaired RASGRF1/ERK-mediated GM-CSF response characterizes CARD9 deficiency in French-Canadians.

Gavino C, Hamel N, Zeng JB, Legault C, Guiot MC, Chankowsky J, Lejtenyi D, Lemire M, Alarie I, Dufresne S, Boursiquot JN, McIntosh F, Langelier M, Behr MA, Sheppard DC, Foulkes WD, Vinh DC.

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Apr;137(4):1178-1188.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2015.09.016. Epub 2015 Oct 29.


Genomic expression catalogue of a global collection of BCG vaccine strains show evidence for highly diverged metabolic and cell-wall adaptations.

Abdallah AM, Hill-Cawthorne GA, Otto TD, Coll F, Guerra-Assunção JA, Gao G, Naeem R, Ansari H, Malas TB, Adroub SA, Verboom T, Ummels R, Zhang H, Panigrahi AK, McNerney R, Brosch R, Clark TG, Behr MA, Bitter W, Pain A.

Sci Rep. 2015 Oct 21;5:15443. doi: 10.1038/srep15443.


Population genomics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Inuit.

Lee RS, Radomski N, Proulx JF, Levade I, Shapiro BJ, McIntosh F, Soualhine H, Menzies D, Behr MA.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Nov 3;112(44):13609-14. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1507071112. Epub 2015 Oct 19.


Engagement of the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-Infected Macrophages Has Pleiotropic Effects on Innate Immune Signaling.

Memari B, Bouttier M, Dimitrov V, Ouellette M, Behr MA, Fritz JH, White JH.

J Immunol. 2015 Nov 1;195(9):4479-91. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1501141. Epub 2015 Sep 28.


Inadequate Diet Is Associated with Acquiring Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection in an Inuit Community. A Case-Control Study.

Fox GJ, Lee RS, Lucas M, Khan FA, Proulx JF, Hornby K, Jung S, Benedetti A, Behr MA, Menzies D.

Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015 Aug;12(8):1153-62. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201503-156OC.


The Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort: constructing a deep phenotyping collaborative.

Calkins ME, Merikangas KR, Moore TM, Burstein M, Behr MA, Satterthwaite TD, Ruparel K, Wolf DH, Roalf DR, Mentch FD, Qiu H, Chiavacci R, Connolly JJ, Sleiman PMA, Gur RC, Hakonarson H, Gur RE.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2015 Dec;56(12):1356-1369. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12416. Epub 2015 Apr 8.


Insights on the emergence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the analysis of Mycobacterium kansasii.

Wang J, McIntosh F, Radomski N, Dewar K, Simeone R, Enninga J, Brosch R, Rocha EP, Veyrier FJ, Behr MA.

Genome Biol Evol. 2015 Feb 25;7(3):856-70. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evv035.


Reemergence and amplification of tuberculosis in the Canadian arctic.

Lee RS, Radomski N, Proulx JF, Manry J, McIntosh F, Desjardins F, Soualhine H, Domenech P, Reed MB, Menzies D, Behr MA.

J Infect Dis. 2015 Jun 15;211(12):1905-14. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv011. Epub 2015 Jan 9.


Freund's adjuvant, NOD2 and mycobacteria.

Behr MA, Divangahi M.

Curr Opin Microbiol. 2015 Feb;23:126-32. doi: 10.1016/j.mib.2014.11.015. Epub 2014 Dec 5. Review.


Why doesn't Mycobacterium tuberculosis spread in animals?

Behr MA, Gordon SV.

Trends Microbiol. 2015 Jan;23(1):1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2014.11.001. Epub 2014 Nov 26. No abstract available.


Comparative genomics of mycobacteria: some answers, yet more new questions.

Behr MA.

Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2014 Nov 13;5(2):a021204. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a021204. Review.


Quantiferon Gold-in-tube assay for TB screening in HIV infected children: influence of quantitative values.

Rose W, Kitai I, Kakkar F, Read SE, Behr MA, Bitnun A.

BMC Infect Dis. 2014 Sep 23;14:516. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-516.


Pre-Columbian mycobacterial genomes reveal seals as a source of New World human tuberculosis.

Bos KI, Harkins KM, Herbig A, Coscolla M, Weber N, Comas I, Forrest SA, Bryant JM, Harris SR, Schuenemann VJ, Campbell TJ, Majander K, Wilbur AK, Guichon RA, Wolfe Steadman DL, Cook DC, Niemann S, Behr MA, Zumarraga M, Bastida R, Huson D, Nieselt K, Young D, Parkhill J, Buikstra JE, Gagneux S, Stone AC, Krause J.

Nature. 2014 Oct 23;514(7523):494-7. doi: 10.1038/nature13591. Epub 2014 Aug 20.


Disruption of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-specific genes impairs in vivo fitness.

Wang J, Pritchard JR, Kreitmann L, Montpetit A, Behr MA.

BMC Genomics. 2014 May 31;15:415. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-415.


Origins of a 350-kilobase genomic duplication in Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its impact on virulence.

Domenech P, Rog A, Moolji JU, Radomski N, Fallow A, Leon-Solis L, Bowes J, Behr MA, Reed MB.

Infect Immun. 2014 Jul;82(7):2902-12. doi: 10.1128/IAI.01791-14. Epub 2014 Apr 28.


Building a better bacillus: the emergence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Wang J, Behr MA.

Front Microbiol. 2014 Apr 3;5:139. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00139. eCollection 2014. Review.


CARD9 deficiency and spontaneous central nervous system candidiasis: complete clinical remission with GM-CSF therapy.

Gavino C, Cotter A, Lichtenstein D, Lejtenyi D, Fortin C, Legault C, Alirezaie N, Majewski J, Sheppard DC, Behr MA, Foulkes WD, Vinh DC.

Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Jul 1;59(1):81-4. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu215. Epub 2014 Apr 4.


Accuracy of prospective space-time surveillance in detecting tuberculosis transmission.

Verma A, Schwartzman K, Behr MA, Zwerling A, Allard R, Rochefort CM, Buckeridge DL.

Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol. 2014 Apr;8:47-54. doi: 10.1016/j.sste.2014.01.003. Epub 2014 Jan 23.


BCG Vaccines.

Tran V, Liu J, Behr MA.

Microbiol Spectr. 2014 Feb;2(1):MGM2-0028-2013. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MGM2-0028-2013. Review.


Reductions in intestinal Clostridiales precede the development of nosocomial Clostridium difficile infection.

Vincent C, Stephens DA, Loo VG, Edens TJ, Behr MA, Dewar K, Manges AR.

Microbiome. 2013 Jun 28;1(1):18. doi: 10.1186/2049-2618-1-18.


atpE gene as a new useful specific molecular target to quantify Mycobacterium in environmental samples.

Radomski N, Roguet A, Lucas FS, Veyrier FJ, Cambau E, Accrombessi H, Moilleron R, Behr MA, Moulin L.

BMC Microbiol. 2013 Dec 3;13:277. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-13-277.

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