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Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 9;8(1):14990. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-33331-z.

Peptide-oligonucleotide conjugates exhibiting pyrimidine-X cleavage specificity efficiently silence miRNA target acting synergistically with RNase H.

Author information

1
Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine SB RAS, Lavrentiev ave., 8, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia.
2
Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine SB RAS, Lavrentiev ave., 8, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia. marzen@niboch.nsc.ru.

Abstract

Taking into account the important role of miRNA in carcinogenesis, oncogenic miRNAs are attractive molecules for gene-targeted therapy. Here, we developed a novel series of peptide-oligonucleotide conjugates exhibiting ribonuclease activity targeted to highly oncogenic miRNAs miR-21 and miR-17. When designing the conjugates, we enhanced both nuclease resistance of the targeted oligodeoxyribonucleotide by introducing at its 3'-end mini-hairpin structure displaying high thermostability and robustness against nuclease digestion and the efficiency of its functioning by attachment of the catalytic construction (amide)NH2-Gly(ArgLeu)4-TCAA displaying ribonuclease activity to its 5'-end. Designed miRNases efficiently cleaved miRNA targets, exhibiting Pyr-X specificity, and cleavage specificity had strong dependence on the miRNA sequence in the site of peptide location. In vitro, designed miRNases do not prevent cleavage of miRNA bound with the conjugate by RNase H, and more than an 11-fold enhancement of miRNA cleavage by the conjugate is observed in the presence of RNase H. In murine melanoma cells, miRNase silences mmu-miR-17 with very high efficiency as a result of miR-17 cleavage by miRNase and by recruited RNase H. Thus, miRNases provide a system of double attack of the miRNA molecules, significantly increasing the efficiency of miRNA downregulation in the cells in comparison with antisense oligonucleotide.

PMID:
30302012
PMCID:
PMC6177439
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-018-33331-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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