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World Neurosurg. 2018 Oct;118:316-323. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.153. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Four-Level Vertebrectomy for En Bloc Resection of a Cervical Chordoma.

Author information

1
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA. Electronic address: salahaoun@hotmail.com.
2
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.
3
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chordomas are locally aggressive tumors that can involve multiple levels of the spine and are difficult to resect. We present our technique for 4-level en bloc cervical spondylectomy for a locally aggressive chordoma.

CASE DESCRIPTION:

A 37-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of dysphagia and a large indurated cervical mass. Imaging showed an enhancing lesion involving C3-6. Needle biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of chordoma. En bloc resection was chosen to maximize her chances of disease-free survival. A 360° approach was deemed necessary. We posteriorly disconnected the vertebral bodies and skeletonized the bilateral vertebral arteries and nerve roots. The interspinous and yellow ligaments and the spinous processes were spared to maintain a solid posterior tension band, as previously described approaches that had sacrificed these elements had a high rate of instrumentation failure. After posterior instrumentation, a wide anterior approach enabled us to resect the tumor attached to the vertebral bodies of C3-6 as 1 specimen. A 4-level corpectomy cage and plate were used for anterior instrumentation. The patient tolerated the surgery well. She needed a temporary gastrostomy, and she had a right C5 palsy that progressively recovered. Follow-up imaging showed no tumor recurrence and good bony fusion.

CONCLUSIONS:

En bloc resection as part of a multidisciplinary team approach remains the mainstay of spinal chordoma treatment. Modern instrumentation and careful dissection can provide good results even in locally advanced cases.

KEYWORDS:

Cervical spine tumor; Chordoma; En bloc resection; Posterior tension band; Spine reconstruction; Spondylectomy; Technique

PMID:
30059783
DOI:
10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.153
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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