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Mol Pharmacol. 2019 Jun;95(6):652-660. doi: 10.1124/mol.118.115626. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Chemically Modified Derivatives of the Activator Compound Cloxyquin Exert Inhibitory Effect on TRESK (K2P18.1) Background Potassium Channel.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine (M.L., E.P., A.D., P.B., G.C., P.E.), Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy (A.B.-P., P.M.), Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy (K.K.), and Department of Biophysics and Radiation Biology, Faculty of Medicine (T.H.), Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary; Gene Technology Division, Institute of Experimental Medicine-Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary (F.E.); and Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary (M.D.).
2
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine (M.L., E.P., A.D., P.B., G.C., P.E.), Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy (A.B.-P., P.M.), Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy (K.K.), and Department of Biophysics and Radiation Biology, Faculty of Medicine (T.H.), Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary; Gene Technology Division, Institute of Experimental Medicine-Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary (F.E.); and Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary (M.D.) enyedi.peter@med.semmelweis-univ.hu.

Abstract

Cloxyquin has been reported as a specific activator of TRESK [TWIK-related spinal cord K+ channel (also known as K2P18.1)] background potassium channel. In this study, we have synthetized chemically modified analogs of cloxyquin and tested their effects on TRESK and other K2P channels. The currents of murine K2P channels, expressed heterologously in Xenopus oocytes, were measured by two-electrode voltage clamp, whereas the native background K+ conductance of mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons was examined by the whole-cell patch-clamp method. Some of the analogs retained the activator character of the parent compound, but, more interestingly, other derivatives inhibited mouse TRESK current. The inhibitor analogs (A2764 and A2793) exerted state-dependent effects. The degree of inhibition by 100 µM A2764 (77.8% ± 3.5%, n = 6) was larger in the activated state of TRESK (i.e., after calcineurin-dependent stimulation) than in the resting state of the channel (42.8% ± 11.5% inhibition, n = 7). The selectivity of the inhibitor compounds was tested on several K2P channels. A2793 inhibited TWIK-related acid-sensitive K+ channel (TASK)-1 (100 µM, 53.4% ± 13, 5%, n = 5), while A2764 was more selective for TRESK, it only moderately influenced TREK-1 and TWIK-related alkaline pH-activated K+ channel. The effect of A2764 was also examined on the background K+ currents of DRG neurons. A subpopulation of DRG neurons, prepared from wild-type animals, expressed background K+ currents sensitive to A2764, whereas the inhibitor did not affect the currents in the DRG neurons of TRESK-deficient mice. Accordingly, A2764 may prove to be useful for the identification of TRESK current in native cells, and for the investigation of the role of the channel in nociception and migraine. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: TRESK background potassium channel is a potential pharmacological target in migraine and neuropathic pain. In this study, we have identified a selective inhibitor of TRESK, A2764. This compound can inhibit TRESK in native cells, leading to cell depolarization and increased excitability. This new inhibitor may be of use to probe the role of TRESK channel in migraine and nociception.

PMID:
30979812
DOI:
10.1124/mol.118.115626

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