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Retinal inner nuclear layer volume reflects inflammatory disease activity in multiple sclerosis; a longitudinal OCT study.

Balk LJ, Coric D, Knier B, Zimmermann HG, Behbehani R, Alroughani R, Martinez-Lapiscina EH, Brandt AU, Sánchez-Dalmau B, Vidal-Jordana A, Albrecht P, Koska V, Havla J, Pisa M, Nolan RC, Leocani L, Paul F, Aktas O, Montalban X, Balcer LJ, Villoslada P, Outteryck O, Korn T, Petzold A; IMSVISUAL consortium.

Mult Scler J Exp Transl Clin. 2019 Sep 5;5(3):2055217319871582. doi: 10.1177/2055217319871582. eCollection 2019 Jul-Sep.


Eye position-dependent opsoclonus in mild traumatic brain injury.

Rizzo JR, Hudson TE, Sequeira AJ, Dai W, Chaudhry Y, Martone J, Zee DS, Optican LM, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL, Rucker JC.

Prog Brain Res. 2019;249:65-78. doi: 10.1016/bs.pbr.2019.04.016. Epub 2019 May 23.


Outcomes of natalizumab treatment within 3 years of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis diagnosis: a prespecified 2-year interim analysis of STRIVE.

Perumal J, Fox RJ, Balabanov R, Balcer LJ, Galetta S, Makh S, Santra S, Hotermans C, Lee L.

BMC Neurol. 2019 Jun 8;19(1):116. doi: 10.1186/s12883-019-1337-z.


Clinical Reasoning: A 55-year-old obese woman with headache and rhinorrhea.

Conway J, Grossman S, Varnado S, Frucht S, Balcer L, Minen M, Galetta S.

Neurology. 2019 May 28;92(22):e2614-e2617. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000007582. No abstract available.


MULES on the sidelines: A vision-based assessment tool for sports-related concussion.

Fallon S, Akhand O, Hernandez C, Galetta MS, Hasanaj L, Martone J, Webb N, Drattell J, Amorapanth P, Rizzo JR, Nolan-Kenney R, Serrano L, Rucker JC, Cardone D, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

J Neurol Sci. 2019 Jul 15;402:52-56. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2019.04.036. Epub 2019 Apr 28.


Alterations in the retinal vasculature occur in multiple sclerosis and exhibit novel correlations with disability and visual function measures.

Murphy OC, Kwakyi O, Iftikhar M, Zafar S, Lambe J, Pellegrini N, Sotirchos ES, Gonzalez-Caldito N, Ogbuokiri E, Filippatou A, Risher H, Cowley N, Feldman S, Fioravante N, Frohman EM, Frohman TC, Balcer LJ, Prince JL, Channa R, Calabresi PA, Saidha S.

Mult Scler. 2019 May 16:1352458519845116. doi: 10.1177/1352458519845116. [Epub ahead of print]


Macular Ganglion Cell and Inner Plexiform Layer Thickness Is More Strongly Associated With Visual Function in Multiple Sclerosis Than Bruch Membrane Opening-Minimum Rim Width or Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thicknesses.

Nguyen J, Rothman A, Gonzalez N, Avornu A, Ogbuokiri E, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL, Frohman EM, Frohman T, Crainiceanu C, Calabresi PA, Saidha S.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2019 Mar 26. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000768. [Epub ahead of print]


Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study.

Nolan-Kenney RC, Liu M, Akhand O, Calabresi PA, Paul F, Petzold A, Balk L, Brandt AU, Martínez-Lapiscina EH, Saidha S, Villoslada P, Al-Hassan AA, Behbehani R, Frohman EM, Frohman T, Havla J, Hemmer B, Jiang H, Knier B, Korn T, Leocani L, Papadopoulou A, Pisa M, Zimmermann H, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ; International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium.

Ann Neurol. 2019 May;85(5):618-629. doi: 10.1002/ana.25462. Epub 2019 Apr 10.


Retinal measurements predict 10-year disability in multiple sclerosis.

Rothman A, Murphy OC, Fitzgerald KC, Button J, Gordon-Lipkin E, Ratchford JN, Newsome SD, Mowry EM, Sotirchos ES, Syc-Mazurek SB, Nguyen J, Caldito NG, Balcer LJ, Frohman EM, Frohman TC, Reich DS, Crainiceanu C, Saidha S, Calabresi PA.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2019 Jan 19;6(2):222-232. doi: 10.1002/acn3.674. eCollection 2019 Feb.


A young man in "double-trouble": Hallucinations and cranial nerve palsies: From the National Multiple Sclerosis Society Case Conference Proceedings.

Bradshaw MJ, Lisak RP, Meltzer E, Melamed E, Lucas A, Freeman L, Frohman TC, Costello K, Balcer L, Galetta S, Chitnis T, Zamvil SS, Frohman EM.

Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2018 Dec 19;6(1):e526. doi: 10.1212/NXI.0000000000000526. eCollection 2019 Jan. No abstract available.


Education Research: Simulation training for neurology residents on acquiring tPA consent: An educational initiative.

Rostanski SK, Kurzweil AM, Zabar S, Balcer LJ, Ishida K, Galetta SL, Lewis A.

Neurology. 2018 Dec 11;91(24):e2276-e2279. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006651. No abstract available.


Assessment of vision in concussion.

Akhand O, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL.

Curr Opin Neurol. 2019 Feb;32(1):68-74. doi: 10.1097/WCO.0000000000000654. Review.


Neuro-ophthalmologic disorders following concussion.

Debacker J, Ventura R, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ, Rucker JC.

Handb Clin Neurol. 2018;158:145-152. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-63954-7.00015-X.


The International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium: Advancing Visual System Research in Multiple Sclerosis.

Balcer LJ, Balk LJ, Brandt AU, Calabresi PA, Martinez-Lapiscina EH, Nolan RC, Paul F, Petzold A, Saidha S.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2018 Dec;38(4):494-501. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000732.


Microvascular blood flow velocities measured with a retinal function imager: inter-eye correlations in healthy controls and an exploration in multiple sclerosis.

Wang L, Kwakyi O, Nguyen J, Ogbuokiri E, Murphy O, Caldito NG, Balcer L, Frohman E, Frohman T, Calabresi PA, Saidha S.

Eye Vis (Lond). 2018 Nov 2;5:29. doi: 10.1186/s40662-018-0123-0. eCollection 2018.


History and Future Directions of Vision Testing in Head Trauma.

Akhand O, Rizzo JR, Rucker JC, Hasanaj L, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2019 Mar;39(1):68-81. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000726.


Predictors of response to opicinumab in acute optic neuritis.

Cadavid D, Balcer L, Galetta S, Aktas O, Ziemssen T, Vanopdenbosch LJ, Leocani L, Freedman MS, Plant GT, Preiningerova JL, Ziemssen F, Massacesi L, Chai Y, Xu L; RENEW Study Investigators.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2018 Aug 15;5(10):1154-1162. doi: 10.1002/acn3.620. eCollection 2018 Oct.


Brain and retinal atrophy in African-Americans versus Caucasian-Americans with multiple sclerosis: a longitudinal study.

Caldito NG, Saidha S, Sotirchos ES, Dewey BE, Cowley NJ, Glaister J, Fitzgerald KC, Al-Louzi O, Nguyen J, Rothman A, Ogbuokiri E, Fioravante N, Feldman S, Kwakyi O, Risher H, Kimbrough D, Frohman TC, Frohman E, Balcer L, Crainiceanu C, Van Zijl PCM, Mowry EM, Reich DS, Oh J, Pham DL, Prince J, Calabresi PA.

Brain. 2018 Nov 1;141(11):3115-3129. doi: 10.1093/brain/awy245.


Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES) in MS: Evaluation of a new visual test of rapid picture naming.

Seay M, Akhand O, Galetta MS, Cobbs L, Hasanaj L, Amorapanth P, Rizzo JR, Nolan R, Serrano L, Rucker JC, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

J Neurol Sci. 2018 Nov 15;394:1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2018.08.019. Epub 2018 Aug 23.


The effect of linguistic background on rapid number naming: implications for native versus non-native English speakers on sideline-focused concussion assessments.

Rizzo JR, Hudson TE, Amorapanth PX, Dai W, Birkemeier J, Pasculli R, Conti K, Feinberg C, Verstraete J, Dempsey K, Selesnick I, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL, Rucker JC.

Brain Inj. 2018;32(13-14):1690-1699. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2018.1510543. Epub 2018 Sep 5.


Initial Impairment and Recovery of Vision-Related Functioning in Participants With Acute Optic Neuritis From the RENEW Trial of Opicinumab.

Petrillo J, Balcer L, Galetta S, Chai Y, Xu L, Cadavid D.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2019 Jun;39(2):153-160. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000697.


Evolution of Visual Outcomes in Clinical Trials for Multiple Sclerosis Disease-Modifying Therapies.

Nolan RC, Akhand O, Rizzo JR, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2018 Jun;38(2):202-209. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000662. Review.


Visual Pathway Measures are Associated with Neuropsychological Function in Multiple Sclerosis.

Nguyen J, Rothman A, Fitzgerald K, Whetstone A, Syc-Mazurek S, Aquino J, Balcer LJ, Frohman EM, Frohman TC, Crainiceanu C, Beier M, Newsome SD, Calabresi PA, Saidha S.

Curr Eye Res. 2018 Jul;43(7):941-948. doi: 10.1080/02713683.2018.1459730. Epub 2018 May 1.


Identification and treatment of the visual processing asymmetry in MS patients with optic neuritis: The Pulfrich phenomenon.

Sobhanian MJ, Agarwal R, Meltzer E, Kildebeck E, Frohman BS, Frohman AN, Galetta SL, Saidha S, White O, Villoslada P, Paul F, Petzold A, Rennaker RL, Martinez-Lapiscina EH, Balcer LJ, Kardon R, Frohman EM, Frohman TC.

J Neurol Sci. 2018 Apr 15;387:60-69. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2018.01.029. Epub 2018 Feb 3.


The new Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES): A test of rapid picture naming for concussion sized for the sidelines.

Akhand O, Galetta MS, Cobbs L, Hasanaj L, Webb N, Drattell J, Amorapanth P, Rizzo JR, Nolan R, Serrano L, Rucker JC, Cardone D, Jordan BD, Silverio A, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

J Neurol Sci. 2018 Apr 15;387:199-204. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2018.02.031. Epub 2018 Feb 22.


King-Devick Test identifies real-time concussion and asymptomatic concussion in youth athletes.

Dhawan PS, Leong D, Tapsell L, Starling AJ, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ, Overall TL, Adler JS, Halker-Singh RB, Vargas BB, Dodick D.

Neurol Clin Pract. 2017 Dec;7(6):464-473. doi: 10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000381.


Optimal Intereye Difference Thresholds in Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness for Predicting a Unilateral Optic Nerve Lesion in Multiple Sclerosis.

Nolan RC, Galetta SL, Frohman TC, Frohman EM, Calabresi PA, Castrillo-Viguera C, Cadavid D, Balcer LJ.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2018 Dec;38(4):451-458. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000629.


Analysis of Agreement of Retinal-Layer Thickness Measures Derived from the Segmentation of Horizontal and Vertical Spectralis OCT Macular Scans.

Gonzalez Caldito N, Antony B, He Y, Lang A, Nguyen J, Rothman A, Ogbuokiri E, Avornu A, Balcer L, Frohman E, Frohman TC, Bhargava P, Prince J, Calabresi PA, Saidha S.

Curr Eye Res. 2018 Mar;43(3):415-423. doi: 10.1080/02713683.2017.1406526. Epub 2017 Dec 14.


Validity of low-resolution eye-tracking to assess eye movements during a rapid number naming task: performance of the eyetribe eye tracker.

Raynowska J, Rizzo JR, Rucker JC, Dai W, Birkemeier J, Hershowitz J, Selesnick I, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL, Hudson T.

Brain Inj. 2018;32(2):200-208. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2017.1374469. Epub 2017 Dec 6.


Characteristics of morphologic macular abnormalities in neuroimmunology practice.

Al-Louzi O, Sotirchos ES, Vidal-Jordana A, Beh SC, Button J, Ying HS, Balcer LJ, Frohman EM, Saidha S, Calabresi PA, Newsome SD.

Mult Scler. 2019 Mar;25(3):361-371. doi: 10.1177/1352458517741206. Epub 2017 Nov 10.


The optic nerve should be included as one of the typical CNS regions for establishing dissemination in space when diagnosing MS - Yes.

Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

Mult Scler. 2018 Feb;24(2):121-122. doi: 10.1177/1352458517721054. Epub 2017 Oct 23. No abstract available.


Retinal layer segmentation in multiple sclerosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Petzold A, Balcer LJ, Calabresi PA, Costello F, Frohman TC, Frohman EM, Martinez-Lapiscina EH, Green AJ, Kardon R, Outteryck O, Paul F, Schippling S, Vermersch P, Villoslada P, Balk LJ; ERN-EYE IMSVISUAL.

Lancet Neurol. 2017 Oct;16(10):797-812. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(17)30278-8. Epub 2017 Sep 12. Review.


Visual Structure and Function in Collision Sport Athletes.

Leong D, Morettin C, Messner LV, Steinmetz RJ, Pang Y, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2018 Sep;38(3):285-291. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000572.


Clinical Reasoning: A 27-year-old man with unsteady gait.

Fernández D, Fara MG, Biary R, Hoffman RS, Vassallo S, Balcer L, Torres D.

Neurology. 2017 Sep 5;89(10):e120-e123. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000004327. No abstract available.


Correspondence regarding: Post-traumatic headache: the use of the sport concussion assessment tool (SCAT-3) as a predictor of post-concussion recovery.

Khazaei S, Hanis SM, Mansori K, Begasse de Dhaem O, Barr WB, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL, Minen MT.

J Headache Pain. 2017 Aug 31;18(1):92. doi: 10.1186/s10194-017-0795-1.


The MSOAC approach to developing performance outcomes to measure and monitor multiple sclerosis disability.

LaRocca NG, Hudson LD, Rudick R, Amtmann D, Balcer L, Benedict R, Bermel R, Chang I, Chiaravalloti ND, Chin P, Cohen JA, Cutter GR, Davis MD, DeLuca J, Feys P, Francis G, Goldman MD, Hartley E, Kapoor R, Lublin F, Lundstrom G, Matthews PM, Mayo N, Meibach R, Miller DM, Motl RW, Mowry EM, Naismith R, Neville J, Panagoulias J, Panzara M, Phillips G, Robbins A, Sidovar MF, Smith KE, Sperling B, Uitdehaag BM, Weaver J; Multiple Sclerosis Outcome Assessments Consortium (MSOAC).

Mult Scler. 2018 Oct;24(11):1469-1484. doi: 10.1177/1352458517723718. Epub 2017 Aug 11. Review.


Rapid Number Naming and Quantitative Eye Movements May Reflect Contact Sport Exposure in a Collegiate Ice Hockey Cohort.

Hasanaj L, Thawani SP, Webb N, Drattell JD, Serrano L, Nolan RC, Raynowska J, Hudson TE, Rizzo JR, Dai W, McComb B, Goldberg JD, Rucker JC, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2018 Mar;38(1):24-29. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000533.


Rapid sideline performance meets outpatient clinic: Results from a multidisciplinary concussion center registry.

Kyle Harrold G, Hasanaj L, Moehringer N, Zhang I, Nolan R, Serrano L, Raynowska J, Rucker JC, Flanagan SR, Cardone D, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

J Neurol Sci. 2017 Aug 15;379:312-317. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2017.06.038. Epub 2017 Jun 24.


Post-traumatic headache: the use of the sport concussion assessment tool (SCAT-3) as a predictor of post-concussion recovery.

Begasse de Dhaem O, Barr WB, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL, Minen MT.

J Headache Pain. 2017 Dec;18(1):60. doi: 10.1186/s10194-017-0767-5. Epub 2017 May 30.


Capturing saccades in multiple sclerosis with a digitized test of rapid number naming.

Hainline C, Rizzo JR, Hudson TE, Dai W, Birkemeier J, Raynowska J, Nolan RC, Hasanaj L, Selesnick I, Frohman TC, Frohman EM, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ, Rucker JC.

J Neurol. 2017 May;264(5):989-998. doi: 10.1007/s00415-017-8484-1. Epub 2017 Apr 7.


Safety and efficacy of opicinumab in acute optic neuritis (RENEW): a randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial.

Cadavid D, Balcer L, Galetta S, Aktas O, Ziemssen T, Vanopdenbosch L, Frederiksen J, Skeen M, Jaffe GJ, Butzkueven H, Ziemssen F, Massacesi L, Chai Y, Xu L, Freeman S; RENEW Study Investigators.

Lancet Neurol. 2017 Mar;16(3):189-199. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(16)30377-5. Epub 2017 Feb 15.


Validity of low-contrast letter acuity as a visual performance outcome measure for multiple sclerosis.

Balcer LJ, Raynowska J, Nolan R, Galetta SL, Kapoor R, Benedict R, Phillips G, LaRocca N, Hudson L, Rudick R; Multiple Sclerosis Outcome Assessments Consortium.

Mult Scler. 2017 Apr;23(5):734-747. doi: 10.1177/1352458517690822. Epub 2017 Feb 16. Review.


Tumoral Presentation of Homonymous Hemianopia and Prosopagnosia in Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy-Related Inflammation.

Hainline C, Rucker JC, Zagzag D, Golfinos JG, Lui YW, Liechty B, Warren FA, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2017 Mar;37(1):48-52. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000474.


Retinal Architecture and Melanopsin-Mediated Pupillary Response Characteristics: A Putative Pathophysiologic Signature for the Retino-Hypothalamic Tract in Multiple Sclerosis.

Meltzer E, Sguigna PV, Subei A, Beh S, Kildebeck E, Conger D, Conger A, Lucero M, Frohman BS, Frohman AN, Saidha S, Galetta S, Calabresi PA, Rennaker R, Frohman TC, Kardon RH, Balcer LJ, Frohman EM.

JAMA Neurol. 2017 May 1;74(5):574-582. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2016.5131.


Disease-modifying therapies modulate retinal atrophy in multiple sclerosis: A retrospective study.

Button J, Al-Louzi O, Lang A, Bhargava P, Newsome SD, Frohman T, Balcer LJ, Frohman EM, Prince J, Calabresi PA, Saidha S.

Neurology. 2017 Feb 7;88(6):525-532. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003582. Epub 2017 Jan 11.


Binocular low-contrast letter acuity and the symbol digit modalities test improve the ability of the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite to predict disease in pediatric multiple sclerosis.

Waldman AT, Chahin S, Lavery AM, Liu G, Banwell BL, Liu GT, Balcer LJ.

Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2016 Nov;10:73-78. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2016.08.012. Epub 2016 Aug 26.


Emergency Department concussion revisits: Chart review of the evaluation and discharge plans of post-traumatic headache patients.

Minen M, Shome A, Femia R, Balcer L, Grudzen C, Gavin NP.

Am J Emerg Med. 2017 Feb;35(2):365-367. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2016.10.076. Epub 2016 Nov 2. No abstract available.


Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES) test: A new measure of rapid picture naming for concussion.

Cobbs L, Hasanaj L, Amorapanth P, Rizzo JR, Nolan R, Serrano L, Raynowska J, Rucker JC, Jordan BD, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ.

J Neurol Sci. 2017 Jan 15;372:393-398. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2016.10.044. Epub 2016 Nov 4.


Optical coherence tomography in an optic tract lesion: Retinal nerve fiber layer changes.

Lloyd-Smith AJ, Narayana K, Warren F, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL, Rucker JC.

Neurology. 2016 Nov 8;87(19):2063-2064. No abstract available.


Rapid number naming in chronic concussion: eye movements in the King-Devick test.

Rizzo JR, Hudson TE, Dai W, Birkemeier J, Pasculli RM, Selesnick I, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL, Rucker JC.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2016 Sep 1;3(10):801-811. eCollection 2016 Oct.

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