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Braz J Phys Ther. 2014 Sep-Oct;18(5):402-9. Epub 2014 Oct 10.

Low back pain in adolescent and associated factors: A cross sectional study with schoolchildren.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

Author information

Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
Departamento de Fisioterapia e Reabilitação, CCS, UFSM, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
Departamento de Saúde da Comunidade, CCS, UFSM, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.



To determine the prevalence of low back pain nonspecific and associated factors in schoolchildren.


This cross-sectional study investigated 343 adolescents, aged between 12 and 15 years, of both sexes of public schools. The questionnaire included questions regarding sociodemographic characteristics, type of school transportation, body mass index and low back pain. The outcome was defined as discomfort localized below the costal margin and above the inferior gluteal folds in the last 12 months.


The prevalence of low back pain in the last year was 57% (n=195) among participants, with no significant difference between the sexes (OR 1.13, 95% CI 0.93 to 1.37). Advancing age and body mass index were associated with the presence of low back pain in the bivariate analysis. The remaining seated at school in usual days was considered one of the main activities that trigger symptoms that lasted up to seven days for the majority (80%) of adolescents.


The high prevalence of low back pain presented, indicating that it is a common condition among these adolescents. There was no difference between the sexes, but had influence of age and body mass index. Our results point to the need for the development epidemiological studies of low back pain among children and adolescents.

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