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J Breath Res. 2017 Aug 21;11(3):036008. doi: 10.1088/1752-7163/aa76ef.

Normal values of offline exhaled and nasal nitric oxide in healthy children and teens using chemiluminescence.

Author information

1
Faculte des Sciences, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France.

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) can be used to detect respiratory or ciliary diseases. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) measurement can reflect ongoing eosinophilic airway inflammation and has a diagnostic utility as a test for asthma screening and follow-up while nasal nitric oxide (nNO) is a valuable screening tool for the diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia. The possibility of collecting airway gas samples in an offline manner offers the advantage to extend these measures and improve the screening and management of these diseases, but normal values from healthy children and teens remain sparse.

METHODS:

Samples were consecutively collected using the offline method for eNO and nNO chemiluminescence measurement in 88 and 31 healthy children and teens, respectively. Offline eNO measurement was also performed in 30 consecutive children with naïve asthma and/or respiratory allergy.

RESULTS:

The normal offline eNO value was determined by the following regression equation -8.206 + 0.176 × height. The upper limit of the norm for the offline eNO value was 27.4 parts per billion (ppb). A separate analysis was performed in children, pre-teens and teens, for which offline eNO was 13.6 ± 4.7 ppb, 16.3 ± 13.7 ppb and 20.0 ± 7.2 ppb, respectively. The optimal cut-off value of the offline eNO to predict asthma or respiratory allergies was 23.3 ppb, with a sensitivity and specificity of 77% and 91%, respectively. Mean offline nNO was determined at 660 ppb with the lower limit of the norm at 197 ppb.

CONCLUSION:

The use of offline eNO and nNO normal values should favour the widespread screening of respiratory diseases in children of school age in their usual environment.

PMID:
28579561
DOI:
10.1088/1752-7163/aa76ef
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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