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Plant Physiol. 2018 Aug;177(4):1639-1649. doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00721. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Flavodiiron-Mediated O2 Photoreduction Links H2 Production with CO2 Fixation during the Anaerobic Induction of Photosynthesis.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Bioénergétique et de Biotechnologie des Microalgues, BIAM, CEA, CNRS, Aix Marseille Univ, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France.
2
AG Photobiotechnologie, Lehrstuhl für Biochemie der Pflanzen, Fakultät für Biologie und Biotechnologie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany.
3
Laboratoire de Bioénergétique et de Biotechnologie des Microalgues, BIAM, CEA, CNRS, Aix Marseille Univ, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France gilles.peltier@cea.fr.

Abstract

Some microalgae, such as Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, harbor a highly flexible photosynthetic apparatus capable of using different electron acceptors, including carbon dioxide (CO2), protons, or oxygen (O2), allowing survival in diverse habitats. During anaerobic induction of photosynthesis, molecular O2 is produced at photosystem II, while at the photosystem I acceptor side, the reduction of protons into hydrogen (H2) by the plastidial [FeFe]-hydrogenases primes CO2 fixation. Although the interaction between H2 production and CO2 fixation has been studied extensively, their interplay with O2 produced by photosynthesis has not been considered. By simultaneously measuring gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence, we identified an O2 photoreduction mechanism that functions during anaerobic dark-to-light transitions and demonstrate that flavodiiron proteins (Flvs) are the major players involved in light-dependent O2 uptake. We further show that Flv-mediated O2 uptake is critical for the rapid induction of CO2 fixation but is not involved in the creation of the micro-oxic niches proposed previously to protect the [FeFe]-hydrogenase from O2 By studying a mutant lacking both hydrogenases (HYDA1 and HYDA2) and both Flvs (FLVA and FLVB), we show that the induction of photosynthesis is strongly delayed in the absence of both sets of proteins. Based on these data, we propose that Flvs are involved in an important intracellular O2 recycling process, which acts as a relay between H2 production and CO2 fixation.

PMID:
29976836
PMCID:
PMC6084654
DOI:
10.1104/pp.18.00721
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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