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Use of three-dimensional printing in preoperative planning in orthopaedic trauma surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Morgan C, Khatri C, Hanna SA, Ashrafian H, Sarraf KM.

World J Orthop. 2020 Jan 18;11(1):57-67. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v11.i1.57. eCollection 2020 Jan 18.


International evaluation of an AI system for breast cancer screening.

McKinney SM, Sieniek M, Godbole V, Godwin J, Antropova N, Ashrafian H, Back T, Chesus M, Corrado GC, Darzi A, Etemadi M, Garcia-Vicente F, Gilbert FJ, Halling-Brown M, Hassabis D, Jansen S, Karthikesalingam A, Kelly CJ, King D, Ledsam JR, Melnick D, Mostofi H, Peng L, Reicher JJ, Romera-Paredes B, Sidebottom R, Suleyman M, Tse D, Young KC, De Fauw J, Shetty S.

Nature. 2020 Jan;577(7788):89-94. doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1799-6. Epub 2020 Jan 1.


Patient safety in inpatient mental health settings: a systematic review.

Thibaut B, Dewa LH, Ramtale SC, D'Lima D, Adam S, Ashrafian H, Darzi A, Archer S.

BMJ Open. 2019 Dec 23;9(12):e030230. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030230.


Digital Alerting and Outcomes in Patients With Sepsis: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Joshi M, Ashrafian H, Arora S, Khan S, Cooke G, Darzi A.

J Med Internet Res. 2019 Dec 20;21(12):e15166. doi: 10.2196/15166. Review.


Threats to safe transitions from hospital to home: a consensus study in North West London primary care.

Markiewicz O, Lavelle M, Lorencatto F, Judah G, Ashrafian H, Darzi A.

Br J Gen Pract. 2019 Dec 26;70(690):e9-e19. doi: 10.3399/bjgp19X707105. Print 2020 Jan.


The Impact of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Upper-Limb Motor Performance in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Patel R, Ashcroft J, Patel A, Ashrafian H, Woods AJ, Singh H, Darzi A, Leff DR.

Front Neurosci. 2019 Nov 15;13:1213. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2019.01213. eCollection 2019.


The patient safety practices of emergency medical teams in disaster zones: a systematic analysis.

El-Khani U, Ashrafian H, Rasheed S, Veen H, Darwish A, Nott D, Darzi A.

BMJ Glob Health. 2019 Nov 14;4(6):e001889. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001889. eCollection 2019.


Effectiveness of different recruitment strategies in an RCT of a surgical device: experience from the Endobarrier trial.

Ruban A, Prechtl CG, Glaysher MA, Chhina N, Al-Najim W, Miras AD, Smith C, P Goldstone A, Patel M, Moore M, Ashrafian H, Byrne JP, Teare JP.

BMJ Open. 2019 Nov 14;9(11):e032439. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032439.


Where is the 'global' in the European Union's Health Research and Innovation Agenda?

Berner-Rodoreda A, Rehfuess EA, Klipstein-Grobusch K, Cobelens F, Raviglione M, Flahaut A, Casamitjana N, Fröschl G, Skordis-Worral J, Abubakar I, Ashrafian H, Agardh A, Visser L, Schultsz C, Plasència A, Jahn A, Norton R, van Leeuwen R, Hagander L, Bärnighausen T.

BMJ Glob Health. 2019 Oct 3;4(5):e001559. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001559. eCollection 2019. Review.


Evaluation of Direct from Sample Metabolomics of Human Feces Using Rapid Evaporative Ionization Mass Spectrometry.

Cameron SJS, Alexander JL, Bolt F, Burke A, Ashrafian H, Teare J, Marchesi JR, Kinross J, Li JV, Takáts Z.

Anal Chem. 2019 Nov 5;91(21):13448-13457. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.9b02358. Epub 2019 Oct 17.


From EHR to PHR: let's get the record straight.

Symons JD, Ashrafian H, Dunscombe R, Darzi A.

BMJ Open. 2019 Sep 18;9(9):e029582. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029582.


Elevated risk of invasive group A streptococcal disease and host genetic variation in the human leucocyte antigen locus.

Parks T, Elliott K, Lamagni T, Auckland K, Mentzer AJ, Guy R, Cartledge D, Strakova L, Connor DO, Pollard AJ, Neville MJ, Mahajan A, Ashrafian H, Chapman SJ, Hill AVS, Sriskandan S, Knight JC.

Genes Immun. 2019 Aug 29. doi: 10.1038/s41435-019-0082-z. [Epub ahead of print]


Histological Evidence for Impaired Myocardial Perfusion Reserve in Severe Aortic Stenosis.

Mahmod M, Chan K, Raman B, Westaby J, Dass S, Petrou M, Sayeed R, Ashrafian H, Myerson SG, Karamitsos TD, Sheppard MN, Neubauer S.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Nov;12(11 Pt 1):2276-2278. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2019.05.032. Epub 2019 Aug 14. No abstract available.


Understanding health management and safety decisions using signal processing and machine learning.

Aufegger L, Bicknell C, Soane E, Ashrafian H, Darzi A.

BMC Med Res Methodol. 2019 Jun 13;19(1):121. doi: 10.1186/s12874-019-0756-2.


Bariatric Surgery Modulates Urinary Levels of MicroRNAs Involved in the Regulation of Renal Function.

Alkandari A, Ashrafian H, Sathyapalan T, Darzi A, Holmes E, Athanasiou T, Atkin SL, Gooderham NJ.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2019 May 21;10:319. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2019.00319. eCollection 2019.


Collaborative patterns, authorship practices and scientific success in biomedical research: a network analysis.

Patel VM, Panzarasa P, Ashrafian H, Evans TS, Kirresh A, Sevdalis N, Darzi A, Athanasiou T.

J R Soc Med. 2019 Jun;112(6):245-257. doi: 10.1177/0141076819851666.


Anatomy 101 for AI-driven robotics: Explanatory, ethical and legal frameworks for development of cadaveric skills training standards in autonomous robotic surgery/autopsy.

O'Sullivan S, Leonard S, Holzinger A, Allen C, Battaglia F, Nevejans N, van Leeuwen FWB, Sajid MI, Friebe M, Ashrafian H, Heinsen H, Wichmann D, Hartnett M.

Int J Med Robot. 2019 May 30:e2020. doi: 10.1002/rcs.2020. [Epub ahead of print] Review.


Quantifying tension in tension-free hiatal hernia repair: a new intra-operative technique.

Navaratne L, Ashrafian H, Martínez-Isla A.

Surg Endosc. 2019 Sep;33(9):3040-3049. doi: 10.1007/s00464-019-06843-6. Epub 2019 May 28.


Current treatments for obesity.

Ruban A, Stoenchev K, Ashrafian H, Teare J.

Clin Med (Lond). 2019 May;19(3):205-212. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.19-3-205. Review.


Can shared leadership enhance clinical team management? A systematic review.

Aufegger L, Shariq O, Bicknell C, Ashrafian H, Darzi A.

Leadersh Health Serv (Bradf Engl). 2019 May 7;32(2):309-335. doi: 10.1108/LHS-06-2018-0033. Epub 2019 Mar 21.


Does Sleeve Gastrectomy Expose the Distal Esophagus to Severe Reflux?: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Yeung KTD, Penney N, Ashrafian L, Darzi A, Ashrafian H.

Ann Surg. 2020 Feb;271(2):257-265. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003275.


The INkWELL index of Global Innovation.

Ashrafian H.

Ann Glob Health. 2018 Nov 5;84(4):590-591. doi: 10.29024/aogh.2363. No abstract available.


The impact of mobile technology on teamwork and communication in hospitals: a systematic review.

Martin G, Khajuria A, Arora S, King D, Ashrafian H, Darzi A.

J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2019 Apr 1;26(4):339-355. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocy175.


The interplay between metabolic alterations, diastolic strain rate and exercise capacity in mild heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study.

Mahmod M, Pal N, Rayner J, Holloway C, Raman B, Dass S, Levelt E, Ariga R, Ferreira V, Banerjee R, Schneider JE, Rodgers C, Francis JM, Karamitsos TD, Frenneaux M, Ashrafian H, Neubauer S, Rider O.

J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2018 Dec 24;20(1):88. doi: 10.1186/s12968-018-0511-6.


Wearable sensors to improve detection of patient deterioration.

Joshi M, Ashrafian H, Aufegger L, Khan S, Arora S, Cooke G, Darzi A.

Expert Rev Med Devices. 2019 Feb;16(2):145-154. doi: 10.1080/17434440.2019.1563480. Epub 2019 Jan 6. Review.


Diagnostic accuracy of i-scan image enhancement for real-time endoscopic diagnosis of small colorectal polyps: a meta-analysis.

Glover B, Patel N, Ashrafian H, Teare J.

Therap Adv Gastroenterol. 2018 Dec 6;11:1756284818814948. doi: 10.1177/1756284818814948. eCollection 2018.


Transforming health policy through machine learning.

Ashrafian H, Darzi A.

PLoS Med. 2018 Nov 13;15(11):e1002692. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002692. eCollection 2018 Nov.


Legal, regulatory, and ethical frameworks for development of standards in artificial intelligence (AI) and autonomous robotic surgery.

O'Sullivan S, Nevejans N, Allen C, Blyth A, Leonard S, Pagallo U, Holzinger K, Holzinger A, Sajid MI, Ashrafian H.

Int J Med Robot. 2019 Feb;15(1):e1968. doi: 10.1002/rcs.1968. Review.


Is it time for hospitals with smart wards?

Joshi M, Ashrafian H, Darzi A.

J R Soc Med. 2018 Oct;111(10):345-346. doi: 10.1177/0141076818800793. No abstract available.


Intragastric balloon outcomes in super-obesity: a 16-year city center hospital series.

Ashrafian H, Monnich M, Braby TS, Smellie J, Bonanomi G, Efthimiou E.

Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2018 Nov;14(11):1691-1699. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2018.07.010. Epub 2018 Aug 2.


The EndoBarrier: Duodenal-Jejunal Bypass Liner for Diabetes and Weight Loss.

Ruban A, Ashrafian H, Teare JP.

Gastroenterol Res Pract. 2018 Jul 26;2018:7823182. doi: 10.1155/2018/7823182. eCollection 2018. Review.


Does Body Contouring After Bariatric Weight Loss Enhance Quality of Life? A Systematic Review of QOL Studies.

Toma T, Harling L, Athanasiou T, Darzi A, Ashrafian H.

Obes Surg. 2018 Oct;28(10):3333-3341. doi: 10.1007/s11695-018-3323-8.


Mutant Muscle LIM Protein C58G causes cardiomyopathy through protein depletion.

Ehsan M, Kelly M, Hooper C, Yavari A, Beglov J, Bellahcene M, Ghataorhe K, Poloni G, Goel A, Kyriakou T, Fleischanderl K, Ehler E, Makeyev E, Lange S, Ashrafian H, Redwood C, Davies B, Watkins H, Gehmlich K.

J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2018 Aug;121:287-296. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2018.07.248. Epub 2018 Jul 23.


Improved physiology and metabolic flux after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with temporal changes in the circulating microRNAome: a longitudinal study in humans.

Alkandari A, Ashrafian H, Sathyapalan T, Sedman P, Darzi A, Holmes E, Athanasiou T, Atkin SL, Gooderham NJ.

BMC Obes. 2018 May 31;5:20. doi: 10.1186/s40608-018-0199-z. eCollection 2018.


Endoscopic Interventions in the Treatment of Obesity and Diabetes.

Ruban A, Uthayakumar A, Ashrafian H, Teare JP.

Dig Dis Sci. 2018 Jul;63(7):1694-1705. doi: 10.1007/s10620-018-5117-1. Review.


Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis.

Ashrafian H.

N Engl J Med. 2018 Feb 22;378(8):780. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc1716786. No abstract available.


EndoBarrier®: a Safe and Effective Novel Treatment for Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes?

Patel N, Mohanaruban A, Ashrafian H, Le Roux C, Byrne J, Mason J, Hopkins J, Kelly J, Teare J.

Obes Surg. 2018 Jul;28(7):1980-1989. doi: 10.1007/s11695-018-3123-1.


The case for a distinctive philosophy of physiology and pathophysiology.

Ashrafian H.

J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. 2018 Jun 27;29(3):237-240. doi: 10.1515/jbcpp-2017-0143.


MiR-184 expression is regulated by AMPK in pancreatic islets.

Martinez-Sanchez A, Nguyen-Tu MS, Cebola I, Yavari A, Marchetti P, Piemonti L, de Koning E, Shapiro AMJ, Johnson P, Sakamoto K, Smith DM, Leclerc I, Ashrafian H, Ferrer J, Rutter GA.

FASEB J. 2018 May;32(5):2587-2600. doi: 10.1096/fj.201701100R. Epub 2018 Jan 8.


The evolution of robotic surgery: surgical and anaesthetic aspects.

Ashrafian H, Clancy O, Grover V, Darzi A.

Br J Anaesth. 2017 Dec 1;119(suppl_1):i72-i84. doi: 10.1093/bja/aex383. Review.


Induced Bias Due to Crossover Within Randomized Controlled Trials in Surgical Oncology: A Meta-regression Analysis of Minimally Invasive versus Open Surgery for the Treatment of Gastrointestinal Cancer.

Garas G, Markar SR, Malietzis G, Ashrafian H, Hanna GB, Zacharakis E, Jiao LR, Argiris A, Darzi A, Athanasiou T.

Ann Surg Oncol. 2018 Jan;25(1):221-230. doi: 10.1245/s10434-017-6210-y. Epub 2017 Nov 6. Review.


Mammalian γ2 AMPK regulates intrinsic heart rate.

Yavari A, Bellahcene M, Bucchi A, Sirenko S, Pinter K, Herring N, Jung JJ, Tarasov KV, Sharpe EJ, Wolfien M, Czibik G, Steeples V, Ghaffari S, Nguyen C, Stockenhuber A, Clair JRS, Rimmbach C, Okamoto Y, Yang D, Wang M, Ziman BD, Moen JM, Riordon DR, Ramirez C, Paina M, Lee J, Zhang J, Ahmet I, Matt MG, Tarasova YS, Baban D, Sahgal N, Lockstone H, Puliyadi R, de Bono J, Siggs OM, Gomes J, Muskett H, Maguire ML, Beglov Y, Kelly M, Dos Santos PPN, Bright NJ, Woods A, Gehmlich K, Isackson H, Douglas G, Ferguson DJP, Schneider JE, Tinker A, Wolkenhauer O, Channon KM, Cornall RJ, Sternick EB, Paterson DJ, Redwood CS, Carling D, Proenza C, David R, Baruscotti M, DiFrancesco D, Lakatta EG, Watkins H, Ashrafian H.

Nat Commun. 2017 Nov 2;8(1):1258. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-01342-5.


Differential diagnosis of a wrist mass on the Delphic Sybil of the Sistine Chapel ceiling (1508-1512) by Michelangelo (1475-1564).

Ashrafian H.

Rheumatol Int. 2018 Feb;38(2):311-312. doi: 10.1007/s00296-017-3869-0. Epub 2017 Nov 1. No abstract available.


A novel biological 'twin-father' temporal paradox of General Relativity in a Gödel universe - Where reproductive biology meets theoretical physics.

Ashrafian H.

Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2018 Mar;133:27-29. doi: 10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2017.10.004. Epub 2017 Oct 25. Review.


Differential diagnosis of the finger swelling on Pythagoras in the "School of Athens" (1509-1511) by Raphael (1483-1520).

Ashrafian H.

Rheumatol Int. 2017 Dec;37(12):2123-2124. doi: 10.1007/s00296-017-3838-7. Epub 2017 Oct 7. No abstract available.


Earliest depiction of vitiligo in "Venus at a Mirror" (1615) by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640).

Ashrafian H.

J Cosmet Dermatol. 2018 Jun;17(3):566-567. doi: 10.1111/jocd.12418. Epub 2017 Sep 27.


Hypothyroidism in the "Arnolfini Portrait" (1434) by Jan Van Eyck (1390-1441).

Ashrafian H.

J Endocrinol Invest. 2018 Jan;41(1):145-147. doi: 10.1007/s40618-017-0751-6. Epub 2017 Sep 9.


Early Depiction of a Parotid Tumour in the "School of Athens" (1509-1511) by Raphael (1483-1520).

Ashrafian H.

Head Neck Pathol. 2018 Jun;12(2):259-260. doi: 10.1007/s12105-017-0848-4. Epub 2017 Sep 1. Review. No abstract available.


Pre-operative serum VCAM-1 as a biomarker of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting.

Harling L, Lambert J, Ashrafian H, Darzi A, Gooderham NJ, Athanasiou T.

J Cardiothorac Surg. 2017 Aug 18;12(1):70. doi: 10.1186/s13019-017-0632-2.


A proposed role for sepsis in the pathogenesis of myocardial calcification.

Bower G, Ashrafian H, Cappelletti S, Lee LM, Harling L, Ciallella C, Aromatario M, Athanasiou T.

Acta Cardiol. 2017 Jun;72(3):249-255. doi: 10.1080/00015385.2017.1305163. Epub 2017 Mar 30. Review. No abstract available.


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