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Dalton Trans. 2016 May 10;45(19):8021-7. doi: 10.1039/c6dt00331a.

Microwave synthesis of molybdenum doped LiFePO4/C and its electrochemical studies.

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Lead - Chemistry R and D VerdeEn Chemicals Pvt. Ltd, D-11, UPSIDC Industrial Area, Masoorie - Gulawati Road, Distt. - Hapur, Uttar Pradesh, India-201015.
Department of Studies in Environmental Science, University of Mysore, Manasagangothri, Mysore-6, India.


A Mo-doped LiFePO4 composite was prepared successfully from an iron carbonyl complex by adopting a facile and rapid microwave assisted solid state method. The evolution of gases from the iron precursor produces a highly porous product. The formation and substitution of Mo in LiFePO4 were confirmed by X-ray diffraction; surface analysis was carried out by scanning electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties of the substituted LiFePO4 were examined by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and by recording charge-discharge cycles. It was observed that the as prepared composites consisted of a single phase orthorhombic olivine-type structure, where Mo(6+) was successfully introduced into the M2(Fe) sites. Incorporation of supervalent Mo(6+) introduced Li(+) ion vacancies in LiFePO4. The synthesized material facilitated lithium ion diffusion during charging/discharging due to the charge compensation effect and porosity. The battery performance studies showed that LiMo0.05Fe0.095PO4 exhibited a maximum capacity of 169.7 mA h g(-1) at 0.1 C current density, with admirable stability retention. Even at higher current densities, the retention of the specific capacity was exceptional.


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