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Microb Pathog. 2019 Jan;126:298-309. doi: 10.1016/j.micpath.2018.11.012. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Determination of immunodominant scaffolds of Com1 and OmpH antigens of Coxiella burnetii.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran. Electronic address: jaydari.a@lu.ac.ir.
2
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran. Electronic address: Forouharmehr.a@lu.ac.ir.
3
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address: narges.nazifi@gmail.com.

Abstract

Today, there is an increasing emphasis on recombinant vaccines to eliminate the side effects of conventional vaccines such as whole-cell bacteria. Query fever is an emerging disease that causes irreparable complications for both humans and domestic animals. The cause of this disease is Coxiella burnetii, a gram-negative intracellular bacteria. In order to determine the most immunodominant epitopes of Com1 and OmpH antigens of C. burnetii, the most reliable bioinformatics tools with high rates of citation in predicting B cell and T cell epitopes were used. Finally, by comparing the results of all servers, the best overlapped epitopes with the highest antigenicity among different servers were selected. In this regard, epitopes in 18-27and 67-82 amino acids residues were introduced for MHCI and MHCII of T cell, respectively, whereas epitope in 16-25 amino acids residues was introduced for B cell of OmpH antigen. The epitopes in the range of 193-202, 100-108 and 215-223 amino acid residues were preferred for MHCI class of T cell, MHCII class of T cell and B cell of Com1 antigen, respectively. For each antigen, some empirical common epitopic regions were introduced, which included both T and B cells epitopes, 53-65 and 102-111 amino acid residues of OmpH antigen as well as 38-54 range of the amino acid of Com1 antigen. All the predicted epitopes were selected based on their high antigenicity scores and number of non-digestive enzymes. To optimize the application of reported epitopes, various orders of epitopes were arranged in three categories of B cell, T cell and common T and B cells epitopes for each antigen. Then, the best immunodominant scaffolds for each antigen were proposed in these categories. The results demonstrated that the scaffold arranged based on B cell epitopes had the highest antigenicity in both antigens.

KEYWORDS:

Coxiella burnetii; Epitope; Q fever; bioinformatics

PMID:
30447420
DOI:
10.1016/j.micpath.2018.11.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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