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Neurol Clin Pract. 2019 Oct;9(5):443-454. doi: 10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000646.

Consensus-based care recommendations for congenital and childhood-onset myotonic dystrophy type 1.

Author information

Virginia Commonwealth University (NEJ, KNB), Richmond, VA; University of Western Ontario (EZA, CC), Ontario, Canada; Inserm & University of Paris Descartes (NA), France; Houston Methodist Neurological Institute (TA), TX; Institute of Genetic Medicine (CM-B), Newcastle University and Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; Stanford University (TD), CA; Queen Silvia Children's Hospital (A-BE), Gothenburg, Sweden; NEMO Clinic (VS), Milan, Italy; Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CT), OH; and Myotonic Dystrophy Foundation (LH), San Francisco, CA.


Purpose of review:

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is a multisystemic disorder caused by a noncoding triplet repeat. The age of onset is variable across the lifespan, but in its most severe form, the symptoms appear at birth (congenital myotonic dystrophy) or in the pediatric age range (childhood-onset myotonic dystrophy). These children have a range of disabilities that reduce the lifespan and cause significant morbidity. Currently, there are no agreed upon recommendations for caring for these children.

Recent findings:

The Myotonic Dystrophy Foundation recruited 11 international clinicians who are experienced with congenital and childhood-onset myotonic dystrophy to create consensus-based care recommendations. The experts used a 2-step methodology using elements of the single text procedure and nominal group technique. Completion of this process has led to the development of clinical care recommendations for this population.


Children with myotonic dystrophy often require monitoring and interventions to improve the lifespan and quality of life. The resulting recommendations are intended to standardize and improve the care of children with myotonic dystrophy.

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