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World Allergy Organ J. 2011 Jan;4(1 Suppl):S6-8. doi: 10.1097/WOX.0b013e3182093cbb.

Burden of Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRD) in Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

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From the Pneumolgy IV Department, Abderrahmen Mami Hospital, Ariana, Tunisia.


Chronic respiratory diseases involve a heterogenous group of diseases, including, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, sleep apnea syndrome, pulmonary hypertension, and many occupational diseases. They affect more than one billion people worldwide. Their medical, social, and economic impacts are heavy, especially in developing countries such as Middle East and North Africa countries, where they represent a public health problem. They are essentially represented by COPD, asthma, and allergic diseases. Chronic respiratory diseases are increasing in frequency, morbidity, and mortality. In addition, their economic and social impact is increasing rapidly in this region. Main risk factors are represented by tobacco smoking and exposure to biomass fuel. Smoking prevention and standardized management programs for asthma and COPD are now available but prompt actions are needed to make them more effective in this region and thus avoid an adverse impact on national economic development.

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