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Mode of delivery and pondering potential sources of the neonatal microbiome.

Aagaard KM.

EBioMedicine. 2019 Dec 31;51:102554. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.11.015. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.


Population-Based Estimation of Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease Rates of Gravid and Recently Postpartum Women in Lilongwe, Malawi.

Antony KM, Kazembe PN, Pace RM, Levison J, Mlotha-Namarika J, Phiri H, Chiudzu G, Harris RA, Aagaard J, Twyman N, Ramin SM, Raine SP, Belfort MA, Aagaard KM.

AJP Rep. 2019 Jul;9(3):e268-e274. doi: 10.1055/s-0039-1695003. Epub 2019 Aug 20.


The Development of the Human Microbiome: Why Moms Matter.

Chu DM, Valentine GC, Seferovic MD, Aagaard KM.

Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2019 Sep;48(3):357-375. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2019.04.004. Epub 2019 Jul 2. Review.


The Neonatal Microbiome and Metagenomics: What Do We Know and What Is the Future?

Valentine G, Prince A, Aagaard KM.

Neoreviews. 2019 May;20(5):e258-e271. doi: 10.1542/neo.20-5-e258.


Association between elevated placental polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and PAH-DNA adducts from Superfund sites in Harris County, and increased risk of preterm birth (PTB).

Suter MA, Aagaard KM, Coarfa C, Robertson M, Zhou G, Jackson BP, Thompson D, Putluri V, Putluri N, Hagan J, Wang L, Jiang W, Lingappan K, Moorthy B.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2019 Aug 20;516(2):344-349. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.06.049. Epub 2019 Jun 14.


Amnioreduction in cases of polyhydramnios: Indications and outcomes in singleton pregnancies without fetal interventions.

Erfani H, Diaz-Rodriguez GE, Aalipour S, Nassr A, Rezaei A, Gandhi M, Mendez-Figueroa H, Aagaard KM, Shamshirsaz AA.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2019 Oct;241:126-128. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2019.05.019. Epub 2019 May 19.


The development and ecology of the Japanese macaque gut microbiome from weaning to early adolescence in association with diet.

Prince AL, Pace RM, Dean T, Takahashi D, Kievit P, Friedman JE, Aagaard KM.

Am J Primatol. 2019 Oct;81(10-11):e22980. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22980. Epub 2019 May 7.


Visualization of microbes by 16S in situ hybridization in term and preterm placentas without intraamniotic infection.

Seferovic MD, Pace RM, Carroll M, Belfort B, Major AM, Chu DM, Racusin DA, Castro ECC, Muldrew KL, Versalovic J, Aagaard KM.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Aug;221(2):146.e1-146.e23. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.04.036. Epub 2019 May 2. Erratum in: Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Sep 5;:.


Maternal Western-style diet affects offspring islet composition and function in a non-human primate model of maternal over-nutrition.

Elsakr JM, Dunn JC, Tennant K, Zhao SK, Kroeten K, Pasek RC, Takahashi DL, Dean TA, Velez Edwards DR, McCurdy CE, Aagaard KM, Powers AC, Friedman JE, Kievit P, Gannon M.

Mol Metab. 2019 Jul;25:73-82. doi: 10.1016/j.molmet.2019.03.010. Epub 2019 Apr 12.


Qualitative assessment of knowledge transfer regarding preterm birth in Malawi following the implementation of targeted health messages over 3 years.

Antony KM, Levison J, Suter MA, Raine S, Chiudzu G, Phiri H, Sclafani J, Belfort M, Kazembe P, Aagaard KM.

Int J Womens Health. 2019 Jan 30;11:75-95. doi: 10.2147/IJWH.S185199. eCollection 2019.


Clinical Importance of Placental Testing among Suspected Cases of Congenital Zika Syndrome.

Seferovic MD, Turley M, Valentine GC, Rac M, Castro ECC, Major AM, Sanchez B, Eppes C, Sanz-Cortes M, Dunn J, Kautz TF, Versalovic J, Muldrew KL, Stout T, Belfort MA, Demmler-Harrison G, Aagaard KM.

Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Feb 7;20(3). pii: E712. doi: 10.3390/ijms20030712.


Cohort Analysis of Immigrant Rhetoric on Timely and Regular Access of Prenatal Care.

Chu DM, Aagaard J, Levitt R, Whitham M, Mastrobattista J, Rac M, Eppes C, Gandhi M, Belfort MA, Aagaard KM.

Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Jan;133(1):117-128. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000003023.


An Ethical Framework for Research in Maternal-Fetal Intervention in the Presence of Maternal Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Hepatitis B and C Infection.

Shamshirsaz AA, Sellner AA, Erfani H, Aagaard KM, Nassr AA, Pereira S, Belfort MA, McCullough LB, Chervenak FA.

Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Jan;133(1):48-52. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000003022.


Publisher Correction: Experimental Zika Virus Infection in the Pregnant Common Marmoset Induces Spontaneous Fetal Loss and Neurodevelopmental Abnormalities.

Seferovic M, Sánchez-San Martín C, Tardif SD, Rutherford J, Castro ECC, Li T, Hodara VL, Parodi LM, Giavedoni L, Layne-Colon D, Tamhankar M, Yagi S, Martyn C, Reyes K, Suter MA, Aagaard KM, Chiu CY, Patterson JL.

Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 26;8(1):16131. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-34068-5.


Switching obese mothers to a healthy diet improves fetal hypoxemia, hepatic metabolites, and lipotoxicity in non-human primates.

Wesolowski SR, Mulligan CM, Janssen RC, Baker PR 2nd, Bergman BC, D'Alessandro A, Nemkov T, Maclean KN, Jiang H, Dean TA, Takahashi DL, Kievit P, McCurdy CE, Aagaard KM, Friedman JE.

Mol Metab. 2018 Dec;18:25-41. doi: 10.1016/j.molmet.2018.09.008. Epub 2018 Sep 28.


Increases in bioactive lipids accompany early metabolic changes associated with β-cell expansion in response to short-term high-fat diet.

Seferovic MD, Beamish CA, Mosser RE, Townsend SE, Pappan K, Poitout V, Aagaard KM, Gannon M.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Dec 1;315(6):E1251-E1263. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00001.2018. Epub 2018 Aug 14.


Miscarriage and stillbirth following maternal Zika virus infection in nonhuman primates.

Dudley DM, Van Rompay KK, Coffey LL, Ardeshir A, Keesler RI, Bliss-Moreau E, Grigsby PL, Steinbach RJ, Hirsch AJ, MacAllister RP, Pecoraro HL, Colgin LM, Hodge T, Streblow DN, Tardif S, Patterson JL, Tamhankar M, Seferovic M, Aagaard KM, Martín CS, Chiu CY, Panganiban AT, Veazey RS, Wang X, Maness NJ, Gilbert MH, Bohm RP, Adams Waldorf KM, Gale M Jr, Rajagopal L, Hotchkiss CE, Mohr EL, Capuano SV 3rd, Simmons HA, Mejia A, Friedrich TC, Golos TG, O'Connor DH.

Nat Med. 2018 Aug;24(8):1104-1107. doi: 10.1038/s41591-018-0088-5. Epub 2018 Jul 2.


Timing of gestational exposure to Zika virus is associated with postnatal growth restriction in a murine model.

Valentine GC, Seferovic MD, Fowler SW, Major AM, Gorchakov R, Berry R, Swennes AG, Murray KO, Suter MA, Aagaard KM.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Oct;219(4):403.e1-403.e9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2018.06.005. Epub 2018 Jun 11.


The microbiome in preterm birth.

Chu DM, Seferovic M, Pace RM, Aagaard KM.

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2018 Oct;52:103-113. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2018.03.006. Epub 2018 Apr 9. Review.


Relationships Between Perinatal Interventions, Maternal-Infant Microbiomes, and Neonatal Outcomes.

Valentine G, Chu DM, Stewart CJ, Aagaard KM.

Clin Perinatol. 2018 Jun;45(2):339-355. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2018.01.008. Epub 2018 Feb 23. Review.


Experimental Zika Virus Infection in the Pregnant Common Marmoset Induces Spontaneous Fetal Loss and Neurodevelopmental Abnormalities.

Seferovic M, Sánchez-San Martín C, Tardif SD, Rutherford J, Castro ECC, Li T, Hodara VL, Parodi LM, Giavedoni L, Layne-Colon D, Tamhankar M, Yagi S, Martyn C, Reyes K, Suter MA, Aagaard KM, Chiu CY, Patterson JL.

Sci Rep. 2018 May 1;8(1):6851. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-25205-1. Erratum in: Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 26;8(1):16131.


Modulations in the offspring gut microbiome are refractory to postnatal synbiotic supplementation among juvenile primates.

Pace RM, Prince AL, Ma J, Belfort BDW, Harvey AS, Hu M, Baquero K, Blundell P, Takahashi D, Dean T, Kievit P, Sullivan EL, Friedman JE, Grove K, Aagaard KM.

BMC Microbiol. 2018 Apr 5;18(1):28. doi: 10.1186/s12866-018-1169-9.


Family Physicians' Perceived Prevalence, Safety, and Screening for Cigarettes, Marijuana, and Electronic-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) Use during Pregnancy.

Northrup TF, Klawans MR, Villarreal YR, Abramovici A, Suter MA, Mastrobattista JM, Moreno CA, Aagaard KM, Stotts AL.

J Am Board Fam Med. 2017 Nov-Dec;30(6):743-757. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2017.06.170183.


Impact of USPSTF recommendations for aspirin for prevention of recurrent preeclampsia.

Tolcher MC, Chu DM, Hollier LM, Mastrobattista JM, Racusin DA, Ramin SM, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Aagaard KM.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Sep;217(3):365.e1-365.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2017.04.035. Epub 2017 Apr 25.


Conditional postnatal deletion of the neonatal murine hepatic circadian gene, Npas2, alters the gut microbiome following restricted feeding.

O'Neil DS, Stewart CJ, Chu DM, Goodspeed DM, Gonzalez-Rodriguez PJ, Shope CD, Aagaard KM.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Aug;217(2):218.e1-218.e15. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2017.03.024. Epub 2017 Mar 31.


Primary Human Placental Trophoblasts are Permissive for Zika Virus (ZIKV) Replication.

Aagaard KM, Lahon A, Suter MA, Arya RP, Seferovic MD, Vogt MB, Hu M, Stossi F, Mancini MA, Harris RA, Kahr M, Eppes C, Rac M, Belfort MA, Park CS, Lacorazza D, Rico-Hesse R.

Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 27;7:41389. doi: 10.1038/srep41389.


Testing for Zika virus infection in pregnancy: key concepts to deal with an emerging epidemic.

Eppes C, Rac M, Dunn J, Versalovic J, Murray KO, Suter MA, Sanz Cortes M, Espinoza J, Seferovic MD, Lee W, Hotez P, Mastrobattista J, Clark SL, Belfort MA, Aagaard KM.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Mar;216(3):209-225. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2017.01.020. Epub 2017 Jan 23. Review.


Maturation of the infant microbiome community structure and function across multiple body sites and in relation to mode of delivery.

Chu DM, Ma J, Prince AL, Antony KM, Seferovic MD, Aagaard KM.

Nat Med. 2017 Mar;23(3):314-326. doi: 10.1038/nm.4272. Epub 2017 Jan 23.


Genomic Variants Associated with Resistance to High Fat Diet Induced Obesity in a Primate Model.

Harris RA, Alcott CE, Sullivan EL, Takahashi D, McCurdy CE, Comstock S, Baquero K, Blundell P, Frias AE, Kahr M, Suter M, Wesolowski S, Friedman JE, Grove KL, Aagaard KM.

Sci Rep. 2016 Nov 4;6:36123. doi: 10.1038/srep36123.


Impact of maternal nutrition in pregnancy and lactation on offspring gut microbial composition and function.

Chu DM, Meyer KM, Prince AL, Aagaard KM.

Gut Microbes. 2016 Nov;7(6):459-470. Epub 2016 Sep 29. Review. Erratum in: Gut Microbes. 2017 Apr 6;8(2):457-470.


Maternal obesity reduces oxidative capacity in fetal skeletal muscle of Japanese macaques.

McCurdy CE, Schenk S, Hetrick B, Houck J, Drew BG, Kaye S, Lashbrook M, Bergman BC, Takahashi DL, Dean TA, Nemkov T, Gertsman I, Hansen KC, Philp A, Hevener AL, Chicco AJ, Aagaard KM, Grove KL, Friedman JE.

JCI Insight. 2016 Oct 6;1(16):e86612. doi: 10.1172/jci.insight.86612.



Lara DA, Morris SA, Maskatia SA, Becker J; coauthors, Challman M, Nguyen M, Feagin DK, Schoppe L, Zhang J, Bhatt A, Sexson-Tejtel SK, Lopez KN, Lawrence EJ, Andreas S, Wang Y, Belfort MA, Ruano R, Ayres NA, Altman CA, Aagaard KM.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Sep;48(3):405-6. doi: 10.1002/uog.15909. No abstract available.


Trends in the delivery route of twin pregnancies in the United States, 2006-2013.

Bateni ZH, Clark SL, Sangi-Haghpeykar H, Aagaard KM, Blumenfeld YJ, Ramin SM, Lee HC, Fox KA, Moaddab A, Shamshirsaz AA, Salmanian B, Hosseinzadeh P, Racusin DA, Erfani H, Espinoza J, Dildy GA, Belfort MA, Shamshirsaz AA.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2016 Oct;205:120-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2016.08.031. Epub 2016 Aug 24.


The early infant gut microbiome varies in association with a maternal high-fat diet.

Chu DM, Antony KM, Ma J, Prince AL, Showalter L, Moller M, Aagaard KM.

Genome Med. 2016 Aug 9;8(1):77. doi: 10.1186/s13073-016-0330-z.


Mode of Delivery in Premature Neonates: Does It Matter?

Racusin DA, Antony KM, Haase J, Bondy M, Aagaard KM.

AJP Rep. 2016 Jul;6(3):e251-9. doi: 10.1055/s-0036-1585577.


Birth Rates Among Hispanics and Non-Hispanics and their Representation in Contemporary Obstetric Clinical Trials.

Kahr MK, De La Torre R, Racusin DA, Suter MA, Mastrobattista JM, Ramin SM, Clark SL, Dildy GA, Belfort MA, Aagaard KM.

Am J Perinatol. 2016 Oct;33(12):1115-20. doi: 10.1055/s-0036-1584543. Epub 2016 Jul 1.


Disease watch: Zika virus - placental passage and permissivity for infection.

Suter MA, Aagaard KM.

Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2016 Aug;12(8):437-8. doi: 10.1038/nrendo.2016.101. Epub 2016 Jun 24. No abstract available.


In utero exposures to environmental organic pollutants disrupt epigenetic marks linked to fetoplacental development.

Kappil MA, Li Q, Li A, Dassanayake PS, Xia Y, Nanes JA, Landrigan PJ, Stodgell CJ, Aagaard KM, Schadt EE, Dole N, Varner M, Moye J, Kasten C, Miller RK, Ma Y, Chen J, Lambertini L.

Environ Epigenet. 2016 Mar;2(1). pii: dvv013. Epub 2016 Feb 10.


Marijuana use and its effects in pregnancy.

Chabarria KC, Racusin DA, Antony KM, Kahr M, Suter MA, Mastrobattista JM, Aagaard KM.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Oct;215(4):506.e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.05.044. Epub 2016 Jun 2.



Aagaard KM, Kahr MK.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Sep;215(3):399. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.04.046. Epub 2016 Apr 30. No abstract available.


Microbiome: Eating for trillions.

Chu DM, Aagaard KM.

Nature. 2016 Apr 21;532(7599):316-7. doi: 10.1038/nature17887. Epub 2016 Apr 13. No abstract available.


The human gut microbiome in health: establishment and resilience of microbiota over a lifetime.

Greenhalgh K, Meyer KM, Aagaard KM, Wilmes P.

Environ Microbiol. 2016 Jul;18(7):2103-16. doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.13318. Review.


The placental membrane microbiome is altered among subjects with spontaneous preterm birth with and without chorioamnionitis.

Prince AL, Ma J, Kannan PS, Alvarez M, Gisslen T, Harris RA, Sweeney EL, Knox CL, Lambers DS, Jobe AH, Chougnet CA, Kallapur SG, Aagaard KM.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 May;214(5):627.e1-627.e16. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.01.193. Epub 2016 Mar 7.


From the Field to the Laboratory: Air Pollutant-Induced Genomic Effects in Lung Cells.

Vizuete W, Sexton KG, Nguyen H, Smeester L, Aagaard KM, Shope C, Lefer B, Flynn JH, Alvarez S, Erickson MH, Fry RC.

Environ Health Insights. 2016 Feb 18;9(Suppl 4):15-23. doi: 10.4137/EHI.S15656. eCollection 2015.


Alterations in expression of imprinted genes from the H19/IGF2 loci in a multigenerational model of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).

Gonzalez-Rodriguez P, Cantu J, O'Neil D, Seferovic MD, Goodspeed DM, Suter MA, Aagaard KM.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 May;214(5):625.e1-625.e11. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.01.194. Epub 2016 Feb 12.


Preterm birth and its associations with residence and ambient vehicular traffic exposure.

Kahr MK, Suter MA, Ballas J, Ramphul R, Lubertino G, Hamilton WJ, Aagaard KM.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Jul;215(1):111.e1-111.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.01.171. Epub 2016 Jan 28.


Pilot study of chronic maternal hyperoxygenation and effect on aortic and mitral valve annular dimensions in fetuses with left heart hypoplasia.

Lara DA, Morris SA, Maskatia SA, Challman M, Nguyen M, Feagin DK, Schoppe L, Zhang J, Bhatt A, Sexson-Tejtel SK, Lopez KN, Lawrence EJ, Andreas S, Wang Y, Belfort MA, Ruano R, Ayres NA, Altman CA, Aagaard KM, Becker J.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Sep;48(3):365-72. doi: 10.1002/uog.15846.


A qualitative assessment of the perceived risks of electronic cigarette and hookah use in pregnancy.

Kahr MK, Padgett S, Shope CD, Griffin EN, Xie SS, Gonzalez PJ, Levison J, Mastrobattista J, Abramovici AR, Northrup TF, Stotts AL, Aagaard KM, Suter MA.

BMC Public Health. 2015 Dec 21;15:1273. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2586-4.


Increasing maternal obesity is associated with alterations in both maternal and neonatal thyroid hormone levels.

Kahr MK, Antony KM, DelBeccaro M, Hu M, Aagaard KM, Suter MA.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2016 Apr;84(4):551-7. doi: 10.1111/cen.12974. Epub 2015 Dec 16.



McCullough LB, Moaddab A, Fox KA, Aagaard KM, Salmanian B, Raine SP, Shamshirsaz AA, Chervenak FA.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Jan;214(1):137-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2015.09.070. Epub 2015 Sep 25. No abstract available.


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