Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Med Genet. 1999 Jan 15;82(2):132-9.

Different mutations in the same codon of the proteolipid protein gene, PLP, may help in correlating genotype with phenotype in Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease/X-linked spastic paraplegia (PMD/SPG2).

Author information

Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46202-5251, USA.


Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease/X-linked spastic paraplegia (PMD/SPG2) comprises a spectrum of diseases that range from severe to quite mild. The reasons for the variation in severity are not obvious, but suggested explanations include the extent of disruption of the transmembrane portion of the proteolipid protein caused by certain amino acid substitutions and interference with the trafficking of the PLP molecule in oligodendrocytes. Four codons in which substitution of more than one amino acid has occurred are available for examination of clinical and potential structural manifestations: Valine165 to either glutamate or glycine, leucine 045 to either proline or arginine, aspartate 202 to asparagine or histidine, and leucine 223 to isoleucine or proline. Three of these mutations, Val165Gly, Leu045Pro, and Leu223Ile have not been described previously in humans. The altered amino acids appear in the A-B loop, C helix, and C-D loop, respectively. We describe clinically patients with the mutations T494G (Val165Gly), T134C (Leu045Pro), and C667A (Leu223Ile). We discuss also the previously reported mutations Asp202Asn and Asp202His. We have calculated the changes in hydrophobicity of short sequences surrounding some of these amino acids and compared the probable results of the changes in transmembrane structure of the proteolipid protein for the various mutations with the clinical data available on the patients. While the Val165Glu mutation, which is expected to produce disruption of a transmembrane loop of the protein, produces more severe disease than does Val165Gly, no particular correlation with hydrophobicity is found for the other mutations. As these are not in transmembrane domains, other factors such as intracellular transport or interaction between protein chains during myelin formation are probably at work.

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center