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Calcif Tissue Int. 1999 Feb;64(2):102-6.

Early and late postmenopausal bone loss is associated with BsmI vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism in Japanese women.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, 3-9, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan.


To determine whether vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms are associated with bone mineral density (BMD) and bone loss in the Japanese population, VDR BsmI RFLPs were analyzed in 191 postmenopausal Japanese women by comparing B allele and b allele DNA sequences, and a point mutation was confirmed. We examined VDR BsmI restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) with an amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) using this point of mutation. The frequency of VDR BsmI alleles in the Japanese population was significantly different from that in whites. The bb genotype was identified in 79.6%, of the subjects, the Bb genotype in 19.3%, and the BB genotype was in only 1.1%. We find no significant differences in lumbar spine baseline BMD between the bb genotype and the Bb genotype. In both early and late postmenopausal periods, serial measurements of vertebral BMD revealed that subjects with the Bb genotype lost BMD faster than those with the bb genotype (P = 0.001). We conclude that there is a significant relationship between RFLPs of BsmI VDR and the annual rates of bone loss during early and late postmenopausal periods in the Japanese population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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