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J Biol Chem. 1999 Jan 22;274(4):2072-6.

A caspase-9 variant missing the catalytic site is an endogenous inhibitor of apoptosis.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA. seold+@pitt.edu

Abstract

It is likely that endogenous inhibitors of the apical caspases such as caspase-9 exist to prevent undesirable activation of caspase cascades. A naturally occurring variant of caspase-9 named caspase-9S was cloned from human liver. Caspase-9S is missing most of the large subunit of caspase-9, including the catalytic site, but has the intact prodomain and small subunit. Caspase-9S did not show apoptotic activity in transfection analysis. Overexpression of caspase-9S inhibited apoptosis induced by caspase-9, indicating that caspase-9S is an endogenous dominant-negative of caspase-9. Moreover, caspase-9S inhibited apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-alpha, TNF factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), Bax, or Fas-associated death domain-containing protein (FADD) as well as the combination of Apaf-1 and caspase-9. In vitro binding assays demonstrated that caspase-9S binds to Apaf-1 and blocks the binding of caspase-9 to Apaf-1. Coexpression of caspase-9 and caspase-9S mRNA was identified in various cell lines. Thus, caspase-9S acts as a dominant-negative inhibitor of caspase-9 activation, at least in part, by blocking Apaf-1-caspase-9 interaction.

PMID:
9890966
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.274.4.2072
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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