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Ugeskr Laeger. 1998 Dec 7;160(50):7246-50.

[The auto- and endocrine function of the adipose tissue. Significance for metabolic complications in obesity].

[Article in Danish]

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Arhus Universitetshospital, Arhus Amtssygehus, medicinsk-endokrinologisk afdeling C.


The present review discusses recent research showing adipose tissue to be highly metabolically active, producing and releasing many different bioactive compounds besides free fatty acids (FFA) such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), leptin, acetylation stimulating protein (ASP), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP), prostaglandins and oestrogens. Most of these compounds have autocrine effects on the adipose cells and they are presumably involved in the physiological regulation of blood flow, growth and metabolism of the adipose tissue. When the adipose tissue becomes enlarged, as seen in association with obesity, it has now been shown that several of the compounds produced in the adipose tissue (TNF, PAI-1, CETP etc.) may be directly involved in the pathogenesis of some of the complications commonly seen in association with obesity such as insulin resistance, hypertension, enhanced thrombogenesis, and premature atherosclerosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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