Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Panminerva Med. 1998 Jun;40(2):103-6.

IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in congenital and acquired hypothyroidism after long-term replacement treatment.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Sciences Pediatric Section of Novara, University of Turin, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Thyroid hormones are involved in the regulation of the GH/IGF axis. Hypothyroidism is associated with a reduction in GH pulsatility and in GH-response to stimulatory tests. In hypothyroidism, serum levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 fall and these changes are reserved after short-term replacement with L-T4. This study was undertaken to determine the effect of long-term replacement therapy with T4 in IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels.

METHODS:

The study included 12 patients affected with hypothyroidism and in replacement treatment with T4. They were divided into 3 groups according to age at the beginning of treatment. Group A consisted of 4 pre-pubertal subjects with Congenital Hypothyroidism (CH) diagnosed with neonatal screening, where T4 treatment was started within 15 days of life. Group B consisted of 5 young adults where CH was clinically diagnosed at the median age of 6 months and replacement therapy started at this age. Group C consisted of 3 subjects affected with hypothyroidism secondary to thyroiditis where diagnosis and replacement treatment were delayed at age 11, 12 and 14 respectively. All subjects were matched with a control of the same age, sex, weight and pubertal stage.

RESULTS:

FT3, FT4 and TSH were in the normal range both in patients and in controls. No correlation was found between FT3 or FT4 and IGF-1 or IGFBP-3 serum levels. IGF-1 serum levels in group A (198 +/- 122 ng/ml) were significantly lower than that in group B (624 +/- 105, p < 0.001) and in group C (649 +/- 98, p=0.003). IGFBP-3 serum levels in group A (1.98 +/- 0.56 microgram/ml) were significantly lower than in group B (3.65 +/- 1.10, p=0.03) and in group C (4.13 +/- 0.49, p=0.003). The increase of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels was seen also in control groups B and C when compared with control group A. IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 were positively correlated with age both in patients and in controls. A linear correlation was found between IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 which was positive for controls (r=0.946, p < 0.001) and patient group A and B (r=0.839, p = 0.005) but tended to be negative for patient group C (r=0.65, n.s.).

CONCLUSIONS:

: Our data demonstrate that long-term replacement therapy in children with hypothyroidism is associated with a physiological increase in IGF-1 and IGFBP-3. The positive correlation between IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels in group A and B confirm the efficacy of long-term replacement treatment on the IGF-1/BP-3 axis in pre- and post-pubertal patients treated for CH. However, this correlation tended to be negative in patients with hypothyroidism secondary to thyroiditis, suggesting that the cause of thyroid insufficiency and/or the age at the beginning of replacement therapy may have a role in the post-pubertal hormonal status in IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 balance.

PMID:
9689829
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center