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Gynecol Endocrinol. 1997 Oct;11(5):315-20.

Leptin levels and insulin sensitivity in obese and non-obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.

Author information

1
Institute of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Diseases of Metabolism, Clinical Center of Serbia, Beograd, Yugoslavia.

Abstract

The study was conducted to assess leptin levels and insulin sensitivity in obese and non-obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Twenty-two women with PCOS and 19 control healthy women were included in the study, divided into obese and non-obese groups. Leptin was determined using Linco Research radio-immunoassay while insulin sensitivity was calculated from intravenous glucose tolerance tests with frequent blood sampling using MINMOD analysis. Significantly higher basal leptin levels were found in obese compared to non-obese PCOS (31.76 +/- 3.06 vs. 10.42 +/- 2.31 ng/ml; p < 0.05) as well as in obese in comparison to non-obese controls (29.16 +/- 5.06 vs 8.51 +/- 0.88 ng/ml; p < 0.05). A negative correlation was found between insulin sensitivity and leptin levels in both obese (r = -0.2480; p > 0.05) and non-obese PCOS groups (r = -0.4620; p > 0.05). In conclusion, high serum leptin, insulin and testosterone levels together with reduced insulin sensitivity were found in obese PCOS women, suggesting that high leptin levels could be a characteristic of the obese PCOS phenotype.

PMID:
9385530
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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