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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1996 Dec;16(12):1407-15.

Identification of two novel point mutations in the human protein S gene associated with familial protein S deficiency and thrombosis.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA.

Abstract

Individuals with thrombosis who were believed to possess associated familial protein S deficiency were analyzed for mutations in the protein S gene by a two-step process. First, the individuals were analyzed for protein S Pro626 A/G dimorphism in both their genomic DNA and reverse-transcribed (RT) polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified cDNA from peripheral blood cell mRNA. If a heterozygote expressed both alleles at the mRNA level at this site in genomic DNA, a search for point mutations was made by direct cDNA sequencing. RT-PCR amplification of exons 1-6 with mRNA from two twin sisters, each of whom has severe type I protein S deficiency, revealed both larger and smaller fragments in addition to the expected 504-base pair fragment in normal individuals. A donor splicesite mutation at position +4 of the 5' end of intron A was subsequently identified in both sisters and their mother. This mutation would lead to incorrect precursor mRNA splicing and the observed cDNA products. Translation of the altered mRNAs would result in a truncated protein without biological activity. In a second family, cDNA sequencing revealed a T-->G mutation at codon 603 (Ile-->Ser) in exon 15 of the protein S gene in an individual with protein S deficiency (mixed type) and a history of thrombosis. The same mutation was also detected in the proband's mother and grandmother, both of whom also exhibit protein S deficiency and thrombotic disease. This mutation occurs within a disulfide loop of protein S that is believed to be responsible for binding to C4b binding protein and may result in greater affinity between protein S and C4b, consequently leading to thrombotic disease.

PMID:
8977443
DOI:
10.1161/01.atv.16.12.1407
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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