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Bull Acad Natl Med. 1996 Jan;180(1):177-91; discussion 191-4.

[Evolution of blood glucose control and retinopathy during long-term treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with intraperitoneal infusion of insulin].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service d'Endocrinologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Montpellier, France.

Abstract

To evaluate the efficacy on blood glucose control of long-term peritoneal insulin infusion and its consequences on the evolution of diabetic retinopathy, we analyzed retrospectively the values of glycosylated haemoglobin measured quarterly and the retinal angiograms obtained after 1, 5 and 9 years from seventeen insulin-dependent diabetic patients treated by this technique during 9.0 +/- 2.2 years. Blood glucose control was significantly improved from the first year of treatment (p < 0.01). Seventy-one per cent of patients had a level of glycosylated hemoglobin below one standard deviation of normal values after five years and ninety-two per cent of 12 patients treated up to nine years remained in the same near-normal range. Glycaemic excursions below 0.5 g/l and over 2 g/l were limited to 5-7% and 15-17% of four times-daily capillary glucose measurements respectively, along the whole IP insulin infusion period. Among 7 patients with no retinopathy (n = 1) or with mild to moderate nonproliferative retinopathy, requiring no specific ophthalmological treatment, (levels 20 to 40 on worse eye according to a simplified version of ETDRS classification, n = 6), 3 remained stable, 2 improved and 2 impaired although remaining under level 50 of the classification, after 5 to 9 years. Nine patients with severe nonproliferative (level 50, n = 1) or proliferative (level 65, n = 8) retinopathy, all treated by panretinal photocoagulation before initiation of IP treatment, improved and one patient with severe nonproliferative retinopathy, incompletely treated by laser photocoagulation, remained stable, after 5 to 9 years. No macular edematous reaction or impairment of existing macular edema occurred after panretinal photocoagulation under IP treatment. These data indicate that a sustained near-normal blood glucose control can be achieved under long-term peritoneal insulin infusion, without significant impairment of diabetic retinopathy when an initial ophthalmological evaluation, and a specific treatment if necessary, are performed.

PMID:
8696875
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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