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Prostate. 1996 Apr;28(4):227-31.

Androgen receptor modulation in benign human prostatic tissue and prostatic adenocarcinoma during neoadjuvant endocrine combination therapy.

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1
Department of Pathology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Modulation of androgen receptor (AR) expression during neoadjuvant endocrine therapy in human prostates of patients with localized prostate cancer was investigated by immunohistochemistry. In 8 of 15 untreated prostatectomy specimens, the majority of prostatic glandular cells displayed nuclear immunostaining for AR, whereas only 1 of 26 pretreated cases displayed a similar glandular AR expression. Expression of AR in the prostatic stromal compartment of nontreated cases proved to be quite heterogeneous, since 4 of the 15 (27%) examined specimens did not show stromal AR expression. After preoperative neoadjuvant therapy, this value was 68%, although this difference did not reach statistical significance. Prostatectomy specimens of the treated patients contained carcinomas with a higher Gleason score than those of untreated patients. AR expression in carcinomas of treated patients was diminished (P= 0.05), which may be attributed to their relatively lower differentiation grade. The data strongly suggest that neoadjuvant hormone therapy reduces AR expression by nonneoplastic prostatic glandular cells and carcinoma cells by a selective, but incomplete, elimination of AR-positive cells.

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