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Ann Hematol. 1995 Jan;70(1):31-5.

Secondary acute myeloid leukemia with translocation (4;11) and MLL/AF4 rearrangement in a 15-year-old boy treated for common acute lymphoblastic leukemia 11 years earlier.

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Department of Pediatrics, Hematology and Oncology, University of Giessen, Germany.


Secondary acute myeloid leukemia occurring in a 15-year-old boy 11 years after initial treatment of a common lymphoblastic leukemia (c-ALL) is described. Initial complete remission was terminated after 4 years by an isolated testicular relapse, followed by first bone marrow relapse within 18 months. After he achieved remission again, an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from his HLA-identical brother was performed. Five years and 9 months later, the patient developed thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and anemia, but bone marrow biopsies at this time demonstrated only myelofibrosis, with no blast cell population present. A polymerase chain reaction assay of a peripheral blood sample recognized the mRNA fusion region for the MLL/AF4 rearrangement, i.e., the molecular equivalent of the translocation (4;11)(q21,q23). Four weeks later, a blast cell population with AML-M1 morphology according to the FAB classification appeared in the bone marrow, and translocation (4;11) was detected by cytogenetics. Thus, secondary leukemias with chromosomal 11q23 rearrangement can develop after a long latency period and can be diagnosed earlier with the PCR technique.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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