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Metabolism. 1994 May;43(5):579-83.

Insulin-like growth factors (IGF)-I and -II and IGF binding protein-1, -2, and -3 in patients with acromegaly before and after adenomectomy.

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Medical Department M (Endocrinology and Diabetes), Aarhus Kommunehospital, Denmark.


The interrelationship between insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their major binding proteins (IGFBPs) as a function of disease activity in acromegaly has not previously been prospectively evaluated. We studied basal and insulin-stimulated serum levels of IGF-I and -II and IGFBP-1, -2, and -3 in six acromegalic patients before and 2 months after successful adenomectomy compared with a group of sex- and age-matched healthy, untreated subjects. All were studied postabsorptively (11 AM) and at the end of a 2-hour euglycemic glucose clamp (0.4 mU insulin/kg x min). Serum IGF-I levels (mean +/- SE) were elevated in acromegaly but were normalized following therapy (basal state IGF-I [micrograms/L], 857 +/- 119 [active] v 255 +/- 65 [postoperative] v 190 +/- 20 [control]). Serum IGF-II levels did not change following therapy and were similar to those of the control group. IGF levels did not change during the clamp. Serum IGFBP-3 levels were elevated in active acromegaly, but were normalized after therapy (basal state IGFBP-3 [micrograms/L] 6,983 +/- 612 [active] v 3,939 +/- 504 [postop] v 3,358 +/- 125 [control]). The molar ratio of (IGF-I+IGF-II): IGFBP-3 was similar in all studies. Serum IGFBP-1 interacted significantly with time in all studies, exhibiting a gradual decrease in the basal state and ensued by further suppression during the clamp. Insulin and IGFBP-1 correlated inversely in the pooled data and in the acromegalic patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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