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Bioorg Chem. 2011 Apr;39(2):94-100. doi: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2010.12.003. Epub 2010 Dec 30.

Cationic substrates of soybean lipoxygenase-1.

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Department of Chemistry, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA 17837, United States.


Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (SBLO-1) catalyzes the oxygenation of 1,4-dienes to produce conjugated diene hydroperoxides. The best substrates are anions of fatty acids; for example, linoleate is converted to 13(S)-hydroperoxy-9(Z),11(E)-octadecadienoate. The manner in which SBLO-1 binds substrates is uncertain. In the present work, it was found that SBLO-1 will oxygenate linoleyltrimethylammonium ion (LTMA) to give primarily13(S)-hydroperoxy-9(Z),11(E)-octadecadienyltrimethylammonium ion. The rate of this process is about the same at pH 7 and pH 9 and is about 30% of the rate observed with linoleate at pH 9. At pH 7, SBLO-1 oxygenates linoleyldimethylamine (LDMA) to give primarily 13(S)-hydroperoxy-9(Z),11(E)-octadecadienyldimethylamine. The oxygenation of LDMA occurs at about the same rate as LTMA at pH 7, but more slowly at pH 9. The results demonstrate that SBLO-1 will readily oxygenate substrates in which the carboxylate of linoleate is replaced with a cationic group, and the products of these reactions have the same stereo- and regiochemistry as the products obtained from fatty acid substrates.

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